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Trade credit, firm profitability, and financial constraints: Evidence from listed SMEs in East Asia and the Pacific (2019)
Journal Article
Hoang, H. C., Hoang, C. H., Xiao, Q., & Akbar, S. (2019). Trade credit, firm profitability, and financial constraints: Evidence from listed SMEs in East Asia and the Pacific. International Journal of Managerial Finance, 15(5), 744-770. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMF-09-2018-0258

The principal objective of this study is to investigate the non-linear association between trade credit and profitability of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Moreover, this paper analyses whether the above relationship varies according to financi... Read More about Trade credit, firm profitability, and financial constraints: Evidence from listed SMEs in East Asia and the Pacific.

International evidence on the determinants of organizational ethical vulnerability (2018)
Journal Article
Ullah, S., Ahmad, S., Akbar, S., & Kodwani, D. (2019). International evidence on the determinants of organizational ethical vulnerability. British Journal of Management, 30(3), 668-691. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8551.12289

This paper proposes a model to explain what makes organisations ethically vulnerable. Drawing upon legitimacy, institutional, agency and individual moral reasoning theories we consider three sets of explanatory factors and examine their association w... Read More about International evidence on the determinants of organizational ethical vulnerability.

International evidence on the determinants of organisational ethical vulnerability (2018)
Journal Article
Ullah, S., Ahmad, S., Akbar, S., & Kodwani, D. (2019). International evidence on the determinants of organisational ethical vulnerability. British Journal of Management, 30(3), 668-691. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8551.12289

This paper proposes a model to explain what makes organisations ethically vulnerable. Drawing upon legitimacy, institutional, agency and individual moral reasoning theories we consider three sets of explanatory factors and examine their association w... Read More about International evidence on the determinants of organisational ethical vulnerability.

Firm size, sector and market valuation of R&D expenditures (2008)
Journal Article
Shah, S. Z. A., Stark, A. W., & Akbar, S. (2008). Firm size, sector and market valuation of R&D expenditures. Applied financial economics letters, 4(2), 87-91. https://doi.org/10.1080/17446540701537756

Significant market value effects of RD are found for UK firms of all sizes. Sector-based analyses indicate large, positive and statistically significant influences of RD on market values of UK firms in both manufacturing and nonmanufacturing sectors.

Spin-offs, stages of growth and funding issues: Some UK evidence (2007)
Journal Article
Ullah, F., Akbar, S., & Taylor, P. (2007). Spin-offs, stages of growth and funding issues: Some UK evidence. International journal of entrepreneurship and innovation management, 7(6), 524-540. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijeim.2007.014595

This paper explores funding issues at the early development stages of Technology-Based Small Firms (TBSFs) spun-out from universities, non-university research organisations and parent companies. This paper presents empirical evidence for the UK, deri... Read More about Spin-offs, stages of growth and funding issues: Some UK evidence.