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The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task (2019)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Howe, D., & Clough, P. J. (in press). The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task. Applied Cognitive Psychology, https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3570

Previous research by the authors (Dewhurst, Anderson. Cotter, Crust, & Clough, 2012) found that mental toughness, as measured by the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48 (MTQ48; Clough, Earle, & Sewell, 2002), was significantly associated with performan... Read More

Putting false memories into context: The effects of odour contexts on correct and false recall (2018)
Journal Article
Woods, J. A., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2019). Putting false memories into context: The effects of odour contexts on correct and false recall. Memory, 27(3), 379-386. doi:10.1080/09658211.2018.1512632

False memories created by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm are often accompanied by contextual information. Yet, research investigating the effects of context on false memories is surprisingly scarce. We used the context-dependent memory (... Read More

Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events. (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Grace, L., & Howe, D. (2019). Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45(1), 26-36. doi:10.1037/xlm0000575

Three experiments investigated the relationship between future thinking and false memories. In Experiment 1, participants remembered familiar events (e.g., a holiday) from their past, imagined planning the same events in the future, or took part in a... Read More

Thinking aloud: an exploration of cognitions in professional snooker (2018)
Journal Article
Welsh, J. C., Dewhurst, S. A., & Perry, J. L. (2018). Thinking aloud: an exploration of cognitions in professional snooker. Psychology of sport and exercise, 36, (197-208). doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.03.003. ISSN 1469-0292

Objectives: Presently, there is no exploration into the cognitive processes of super-elite and elite professional snooker players during real-time performance. Therefore, this study explored the cognitions of seven professional snooker players during... Read More

Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Berry, D. M., & Garner, S. R. (2018). Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(7), 1637-1644. doi:10.1080/17470218.2017.1345961

Previous research has highlighted the wide individual variability in susceptibility to the false memories produced by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) procedure [Deese, J. (1959). On the prediction of occurrence of particular verbal intrusions in i... Read More

False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences (2017)
Journal Article
Howe, D., Anderson, R. J., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2017). False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences. Acta psychologica, 179, 14-22. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.07.002

Previous studies have found that false memories and false beliefs of childhood experiences can have attitudinal consequences. Previous studies have, however, focused exclusively on explicit attitude measures without exploring whether implicit attitud... Read More

Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes (2017)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & Dean, G. M. (2017). Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes. Consciousness and cognition, 49, 163-171. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2017.02.010

Two experiments used a dual task methodology to investigate the role of visual imagery and executive resources in the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories. In Experiment 1, dynamic visual noise led to a reduction in the number of specific... Read More

Investigating the influence of music training on verbal memory (2017)
Journal Article
Taylor, A. C., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2017). Investigating the influence of music training on verbal memory. Psychology of music, 45(6), (814-820). doi:10.1177/0305735617690246. ISSN 0305-7356

Previous research has shown that musical training is associated with enhanced verbal memory. The current study investigated the generality of this association by presenting undergraduates who had received musical training (n = 20) and undergraduates... Read More

Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding (2017)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Grace, L., & Boland, J. (2017). Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding. Journal of Memory and Language, 94, (291-304). doi:10.1016/j.jml.2017.01.003. ISSN 0749-596X

Previous research has shown that rating words for their relevance to a survival scenario leads to better retention of the words than rating them for self-reference. Past studies have, however, relied exclusively on an autobiographical self-reference... Read More

Adaptive false memory: Imagining future scenarios increases false memories in the DRM paradigm (2016)
Journal Article
Grace, L., Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & van Esch, L. (2016). Adaptive false memory: Imagining future scenarios increases false memories in the DRM paradigm. Memory & cognition, 44(7), 1076-1084. doi:10.3758/s13421-016-0620-0

Previous research has shown that rating words for their relevance to a future scenario enhances memory for those words. The current study investigated the effect of future thinking on false memory using the Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) procedure. I... Read More

Not lost in translation: writing auditorily presented words at study increases correct recognition “at no cost” (2016)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Rackie, J. M., & van Esch, L. (2016). Not lost in translation: writing auditorily presented words at study increases correct recognition “at no cost”. Journal of cognitive psychology, 28(4), (437-442). doi:10.1080/20445911.2016.1145684. ISSN 2044-5911

© 2016 Taylor & Francis. Previous studies have reported a translation effect in memory, whereby encoding tasks that involve translating between processing domains produce a memory advantage relative to tasks that involve a single domain. We investi... Read More

A dysphoric's TALE: The relationship between the self-reported functions of autobiographical memory and symptoms of depression (2015)
Journal Article
Grace, L., Anderson, R. J., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2016). A dysphoric's TALE: The relationship between the self-reported functions of autobiographical memory and symptoms of depression. Memory, 24(9), (1173-1181). doi:10.1080/09658211.2015.1084009. ISSN 0965-8211

Autobiographical memory (AM) is believed to serve self, social and directive functions; however, little is known regarding how this triad of functions operates in depression. Using the Thinking About Life Experiences questionnaire [Bluck, S., & Alea,... Read More

Eyewitness memory: the impact of a negative mood during encoding and/or retrieval upon recall of a non-emotive event (2015)
Journal Article
Thorley, C., Dewhurst, S. A., Abel, J. W., & Knott, L. M. (2016). Eyewitness memory: the impact of a negative mood during encoding and/or retrieval upon recall of a non-emotive event. Memory, 24(6), 838-852. doi:10.1080/09658211.2015.1058955

The police often appeal for eyewitnesses to events that were unlikely to have been emotive when observed. An eyewitness, however, may be in a negative mood whilst encoding or retrieving such events as mood can be influenced by a range of personal, so... Read More

Episodic elaboration: Investigating the structure of retrieved past events and imagined future events (2014)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & Peters, L. (2015). Episodic elaboration: Investigating the structure of retrieved past events and imagined future events. Consciousness and cognition, 33(1), (112-124). doi:10.1016/j.concog.2014.12.007. ISSN 1090-2376

Five experiments investigated the cognitive processes involved in the elaboration of past and future events. A production listing procedure was used, in which participants listed details of each event in forwards chronological order, backwards chrono... Read More

What factors underlie children's susceptibility to semantic and phonological false memories? Investigating the roles of language skills and auditory short-term memory (2014)
Journal Article
McGeown, S. P., Gray, E. A., Robinson, J. L., Dewhurst, S. A., & Dewhurst, S. (2014). What factors underlie children's susceptibility to semantic and phonological false memories? Investigating the roles of language skills and auditory short-term memory. Cognition, 131(3), (323-329). doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2014.02.005. ISSN 0010-0277

Two experiments investigated the cognitive skills that underlie children's susceptibility to semantic and phonological false memories in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott procedure (Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995). In Experiment 1, performance... Read More

Identifying the cognitive basis of mental toughness: Evidence from the directed forgetting paradigm (2012)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Cotter, G., Crust, L., & Clough, P. J. (2012). Identifying the cognitive basis of mental toughness: Evidence from the directed forgetting paradigm. Personality and individual differences, 53(5), (587-590). doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.04.036

The concept of mental toughness has been found to be related to outcome performance measures in sport and other competitive situations. Despite this, little attention has been devoted to understanding the cognitive mechanisms that underlie mental tou... Read More

Shared cognitive processes underlying past and future thinking: The impact of imagery and concurrent task demands on event specificity. (2012)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., Nash, R. A., Anderson, R., Dewhurst, S., & Nash, R. (2012). Shared cognitive processes underlying past and future thinking: The impact of imagery and concurrent task demands on event specificity. Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition, 38(2), (356-365). doi:10.1037/a0025451. ISSN 0278-7393

Recent literature has argued that whereas remembering the past and imagining the future make use of shared cognitive substrates, simulating future events places heavier demands on executive resources. These propositions were explored in 3 experiments... Read More

Phonological false memories in children and adults : evidence for a developmental reversal (2011)
Journal Article
Swannell, E. R., & Dewhurst, S. (2012). Phonological false memories in children and adults : evidence for a developmental reversal. Journal of Memory and Language, 66(2), (376-383). doi:10.1016/j.jml.2011.11.003. ISSN 0749-596X

False memories created by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) procedure typically show a developmental reversal whereby levels of false recall increase with age. In contrast, false memories produced by phonological lists have been shown to decrease as... Read More

Test-induced priming increases false recognition in older but not younger children. (2011)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Howe, M. L., Berry, D. M., & Knott, L. M. (2012). Test-induced priming increases false recognition in older but not younger children. Journal of experimental child psychology, 111(1), (101-107). doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2011.08.006. ISSN 0022-0965

The effect of test-induced priming on false recognition was investigated in children aged 5, 7, 9, and 11years using lists of semantic associates, category exemplars, and phonological associates. In line with effects previously observed in adults, ni... Read More

Convergent, but not divergent, thinking predicts susceptibility to associative memory illusions (2011)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Thorley, C., Hammond, E. R., & Ormerod, T. C. (2011). Convergent, but not divergent, thinking predicts susceptibility to associative memory illusions. Personality and individual differences, 51(1), (73-76). doi:10.1016/j.paid.2011.03.018. ISSN 0191-8869

The relationship between creativity and susceptibility to associative memory illusions in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott procedure was investigated using a multiple regression analysis. Susceptibility to false recognition was significantly predicted by... Read More