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The relationship between Kolb's experiential learning styles and Big Five personality traits in international managers (2015)
Journal Article
Li, M., & Armstrong, S. J. (2015). The relationship between Kolb's experiential learning styles and Big Five personality traits in international managers. Personality and individual differences, 86, (422-426). doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.07.001. ISSN 0191-8869

This study investigates the relationship between learning style and personality in international managers. Two-hundred-and-sixty-nine managers completed the NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (KLSI 3.1). Regressio... Read More

Exploring individual differences in scenario planning workshops: A cognitive style framework (2013)
Journal Article
Franco, L. A., Meadows, M., & Armstrong, S. J. (2013). Exploring individual differences in scenario planning workshops: A cognitive style framework. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 80(4), (723-734). doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2012.02.008. ISSN 0040-1625

In recent years, scenario planning has enjoyed wide acceptance among practitioners and academics as a decision support aid in the strategy formulation process. Although different approaches to scenario planning are possible, most of them are usually... Read More

Role of cognitive styles in business and management : reviewing 40 Years of Research (2011)
Journal Article
Armstrong, S. J., Cools, E., & Sadler-Smith, E. (2012). Role of cognitive styles in business and management : reviewing 40 Years of Research. International Journal of Management Reviews, 14(3), (238-262). doi:10.1111/j.1468-2370.2011.00315.x. ISSN 1460-8545

In line with increased attention on the application of cognitive approaches to industrial, work and organizational psychology, the last 40 years have witnessed a growing interest in application of the cognitive style construct to the field of busines... Read More

Learning on demand, at your own pace, in rapid bite-sized chunks: The future shape of management development? (2008)
Journal Article
Armstrong, S. J., & Sadler-Smith, E. (2008). Learning on demand, at your own pace, in rapid bite-sized chunks: The future shape of management development?. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 7(4), (571-586). doi:10.5465/amle.2008.35882197. ISSN 1537-260X

Recent decades have witnessed an unprecedented growth In management and executive education which, paradoxically, has been accompanied by a crisis of confidence manifested in debates about its direction, relevance, and effectiveness. Outside academia... Read More

Experiential learning and the acquisition of managerial tacit knowledge (2008)
Journal Article
Armstrong, S. J., & Mahmud, A. (2008). Experiential learning and the acquisition of managerial tacit knowledge. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 7(2), 189-208. doi:10.5465/AMLE.2008.32712617

Tacit knowledge is believed to be one factor that distinguishes successful managers from others. We sought to determine whether levels of accumulated managerial tacit knowledge (LAMTK) were associated with managers' dominant learning styles. Instrume... Read More