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Rapidly-migrating and internally-generated knickpoints can control submarine channel evolution (2020)
Journal Article
Heijnen, M. S., Clare, M. A., Cartigny, M. J. B., Talling, P. J., Hage, S., Lintern, D. G., …Hughes Clarke, J. E. (in press). Rapidly-migrating and internally-generated knickpoints can control submarine channel evolution. Nature communications, 11, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16861-x

Submarine channels are the primary conduits for terrestrial sediment, organic carbon, and pollutant transport to the deep sea. Submarine channels are far more difficult to monitor than rivers, and thus less well understood. Here we present the longes... Read More about Rapidly-migrating and internally-generated knickpoints can control submarine channel evolution.

Asymmetric effects of a modelled tidal turbine on the flow and seabed (2020)
Journal Article
Ramírez -Mendoza, R., Murdoch, L., Jordan, L. B., Amoudry, L. O., McLelland, S., Cooke, R. D., …Vezza, M. (2020). Asymmetric effects of a modelled tidal turbine on the flow and seabed. Renewable energy, 159, 238-249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2020.05.133

The extraction of power from the flow of water has become an important potential source of clean energy. In spite of significant interest in the interaction between energy extraction devices and water currents, comparatively little work has focused o... Read More about Asymmetric effects of a modelled tidal turbine on the flow and seabed.

Direct evidence of a high-concentration basal layer in a submarine turbidity current (2020)
Journal Article
Maier, K. L., Paull, C. K., Cartigny, M. J., Simmons, S. M., Talling, P. J., Wang, Z., …Parsons, D. R. (in press). Direct evidence of a high-concentration basal layer in a submarine turbidity current. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2020.103300

Submarine turbidity currents are one of the most important sediment transfer processes on earth. Yet the fundamental nature of turbidity currents is still debated; especially whether they are entirely dilute and turbulent, or a thin and dense basal l... Read More about Direct evidence of a high-concentration basal layer in a submarine turbidity current.

Novel acoustic method provides first detailed measurements of sediment concentration structure within submarine turbidity currents (2020)
Journal Article
Simmons, S. M., Azpiroz-Zabala, M., Cartigny, M. J. B., Clare, M. A., Cooper, C., Parsons, D., …Talling, P. J. (2020). Novel acoustic method provides first detailed measurements of sediment concentration structure within submarine turbidity currents. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125(5), https://doi.org/10.1029/2019jc015904

Turbidity currents transport prodigious volumes of sediment to the deep-sea. But there are very few direct measurements from oceanic turbidity currents, ensuring they are poorly understood. Recent studies have used acoustic Doppler current profilers... Read More about Novel acoustic method provides first detailed measurements of sediment concentration structure within submarine turbidity currents.

What determines the downstream evolution of turbidity currents? (2019)
Journal Article
Heerema, C. J., Talling, P. J., Cartigny, M. J., Paull, C. K., Bailey, L., Simmons, S. M., …Pope, E. (2020). What determines the downstream evolution of turbidity currents?. Earth and planetary science letters, 532, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2019.116023

© 2019 Seabed sediment flows called turbidity currents form some of the largest sediment accumulations, deepest canyons and longest channel systems on Earth. Only rivers transport comparable sediment volumes over such large areas; but there are far f... Read More about What determines the downstream evolution of turbidity currents?.

Three-dimensional modelling of suspended sediment transport in the far wake of tidal stream turbines (2019)
Journal Article
Li, X., Li, M., Amoudry, L. O., Ramirez-Mendoza, R., Thorne, P. D., Song, Q., …McLelland, S. J. (2020). Three-dimensional modelling of suspended sediment transport in the far wake of tidal stream turbines. Renewable energy, 151, 956-965. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.11.096

A three-dimensional tidal turbine simulation based on an oceanographic numerical model has been tested for suspended sediment calculation, particularly in the wake of a standalone tidal turbine. The results suggest a need for further improvement of t... Read More about Three-dimensional modelling of suspended sediment transport in the far wake of tidal stream turbines.

Direct monitoring reveals initiation of turbidity currents from extremely dilute river plumes (2019)
Journal Article
Hage, S., Cartigny, M. J., Sumner, E. J., Clare, M. A., Hughes Clarke, J. E., Talling, P. J., …Watts, C. (2019). Direct monitoring reveals initiation of turbidity currents from extremely dilute river plumes. Geophysical research letters, 46(20), 11310-11320. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019gl084526

Rivers (on land) and turbidity currents (in the ocean) are the most important sediment transport processes on Earth. Yet how rivers generate turbidity currents as they enter the coastal ocean remains poorly understood. The current paradigm, based on... Read More about Direct monitoring reveals initiation of turbidity currents from extremely dilute river plumes.

Linking direct measurements of turbidity currents to submarine canyon-floor deposits (2019)
Journal Article
Maier, K. L., Gales, J. A., Paull, C. K., Rosenberger, K., Talling, P. J., Simmons, S. M., …Sumner, E. J. (2019). Linking direct measurements of turbidity currents to submarine canyon-floor deposits. Frontiers in Earth Science, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00144

Submarine canyons are conduits for episodic and powerful sediment density flows (commonly called turbidity currents) that move globally significant amounts of terrestrial sediment and organic carbon into the deep sea, forming some of the largest sedi... Read More about Linking direct measurements of turbidity currents to submarine canyon-floor deposits.

Direct monitoring reveals initiation of turbidity currents from extremely dilute river plumes (2019)
Journal Article
Hage, S., Cartigny, M. J. B., Sumner, E. J., Clare, M. A., Hughes Clarke, J., Talling, P. J., …Watts, C. (2019). Direct monitoring reveals initiation of turbidity currents from extremely dilute river plumes. Geophysical research letters, 11310-11320. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL084526

©2019. The Authors. Rivers (on land) and turbidity currents (in the ocean) are the most important sediment transport processes on Earth. Yet how rivers generate turbidity currents as they enter the coastal ocean remains poorly understood. The current... Read More about Direct monitoring reveals initiation of turbidity currents from extremely dilute river plumes.

Powerful turbidity currents driven by dense basal layers (2018)
Journal Article
Paull, C. K., Talling, P. J., Maier, K. L., Parsons, D., Xu, J., Caress, D. W., …Cartigny, M. J. (2018). Powerful turbidity currents driven by dense basal layers. Nature communications, 9(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06254-6

Seafloor sediment flows (turbidity currents) are among the volumetrically most important yet least documented sediment transport processes on Earth. A scarcity of direct observations means that basic characteristics, such as whether flows are entirel... Read More about Powerful turbidity currents driven by dense basal layers.

Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics (2018)
Journal Article
Ramírez-Mendoza, R., Amoudry, L., Thorne, P., Cooke, R., McLelland, S., Jordan, L., …Murdoch, L. (2018). Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics. Renewable energy, 129(Part A), 271-284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.094

© 2018 The Authors The need for hydrokinetic turbine wake characterisation and their environmental impact has led to a number of studies. However, a small number of them have taken into account mobile sediment bed effects. The aim of the present work... Read More about Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics.

Newly recognized turbidity current structure can explain prolonged flushing of submarine canyons (2017)
Journal Article
Azpiroz-Zabala, M., Cartigny, M. J. B., Talling, P. J., Parsons, D. R., Sumner, E. J., Clare, M. A., …Pope, E. L. (2017). Newly recognized turbidity current structure can explain prolonged flushing of submarine canyons. Science Advances, 3(10), https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1700200

Seabed-hugging flows called turbidity currents are the volumetrically most important process transporting sediment across our planet and form its largest sediment accumulations. We seek to understand the internal structure and behavior of turbidity c... Read More about Newly recognized turbidity current structure can explain prolonged flushing of submarine canyons.

An evaluation of the use of a multibeam echo-sounder for observations of suspended sediment (2017)
Journal Article
Simmons, S. M., Parsons, D. R., Best, J. L., Oberg, K. A., Czuba, J. A., & Keevil, G. M. (2017). An evaluation of the use of a multibeam echo-sounder for observations of suspended sediment. Applied acoustics. Acoustique appliqué. Angewandte Akustik, 126, 81-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2017.05.004

The theory relating the acoustic backscatter from suspended sediments to the mass concentration of particles has been developed over several decades and is now routinely applied to provide measurements for commercial and scientific applications. Sing... Read More about An evaluation of the use of a multibeam echo-sounder for observations of suspended sediment.

An investigation of the wake recovery of two model horizontal-axis tidal stream turbines measured in a laboratory flume with Particle Image Velocimetry (2017)
Journal Article
Simmons, S. M., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Jordan, L., Murphy, B. J., & Murdoch, L. (2018). An investigation of the wake recovery of two model horizontal-axis tidal stream turbines measured in a laboratory flume with Particle Image Velocimetry. Journal of Hydro-environment Research, 19, 179-188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jher.2017.03.003

© 2017 International Association for Hydro-environment Engineering and Research, Asia Pacific Division. The uptake of tidal stream-turbine (TST) technology lags other renewable energy sources despite the advantages of predictability, stability and in... Read More about An investigation of the wake recovery of two model horizontal-axis tidal stream turbines measured in a laboratory flume with Particle Image Velocimetry.

Modelling tidal stream turbines in a three-dimensional wave-current fully coupled oceanographic model (2017)
Journal Article
Li, X., Li, M., McLelland, S. J., Jordan, L. B., Simmons, S. M., Amoudry, L. O., …Thorne, P. D. (2017). Modelling tidal stream turbines in a three-dimensional wave-current fully coupled oceanographic model. Renewable energy, 114, 297-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.02.033

© 2017 The Author(s) A tidal turbine simulation system is developed based on a three-dimensional oceanographic numerical model. Both the current and turbulent controlling equations are modified to account for impact of tidal turbines on water velocit... Read More about Modelling tidal stream turbines in a three-dimensional wave-current fully coupled oceanographic model.

The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size: COHESION IN SUBAQUEOUS BED FORMS (2016)
Journal Article
Parsons, D. R., Schindler, R. J., Hope, J. A., Malarkey, J., Baas, J. H., Peakall, J., …Thorne, P. D. (2016). The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size: COHESION IN SUBAQUEOUS BED FORMS. Geophysical research letters, 43(4), 1566-1573. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl067667

Biologically active, fine-grained sediment forms abundant sedimentary deposits on Earth's surface, and mixed mud-sand dominates many coasts, deltas, and estuaries. Our predictions of sediment transport and bed roughness in these environments presentl... Read More about The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size: COHESION IN SUBAQUEOUS BED FORMS.

Sticky stuff: redefining bedform prediction in modern and ancient environments (2015)
Journal Article
Schindler, R. J., Parsons, D. R., Ye, L., Hope, J. A., Baas, J. H., Peakall, J., …Bass, S. J. (2015). Sticky stuff: redefining bedform prediction in modern and ancient environments. Geology, 43(5), 399-402 . https://doi.org/10.1130/g36262.1

The dimensions and dynamics of subaqueous bedforms are well known for cohesionless sediments. However, the effect of physical cohesion imparted by cohesive clay within mixed sand-mud substrates has not been examined, despite its recognized influence... Read More about Sticky stuff: redefining bedform prediction in modern and ancient environments.

A new methodology for the quantitative visualization of coherent flow structures in alluvial channels using multibeam echo-sounding (MBES) (2010)
Journal Article
Best, J., Simmons, S., Parsons, D., Oberg, K., Czuba, J., & Malzone, C. (2010). A new methodology for the quantitative visualization of coherent flow structures in alluvial channels using multibeam echo-sounding (MBES). Geophysical research letters, 37(6), https://doi.org/10.1029/2009gl041852

In order to investigate the interactions between turbulence and suspended sediment transport in natural aqueous environments, we ideally require a technique that allows simultaneous measurement of fluid velocity and sediment concentration for the who... Read More about A new methodology for the quantitative visualization of coherent flow structures in alluvial channels using multibeam echo-sounding (MBES).


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