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Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760-1995: selective humanity in the Anglophone World (2022)
Book
Damousi, J., Burnard, T., & Lester, A. (Eds.). (2022). Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760-1995: selective humanity in the Anglophone World. Manchester: Manchester University Press

This is the first book to examine the shifting relationship between humanitarianism and the expansion, consolidation and postcolonial transformation of the Anglophone world across three centuries, from the antislavery campaign of the late eighteenth... Read More about Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760-1995: selective humanity in the Anglophone World.

The savage slave mistress: Punishing women in the British Caribbean, 1750–1834 (2021)
Journal Article
Burnard, T., & Coleman, D. (in press). The savage slave mistress: Punishing women in the British Caribbean, 1750–1834. Atlantic Studies: Literary, Historical and Cultural Perspectives, https://doi.org/10.1080/14788810.2021.1899745

In 1775, on a tour of the West Indies, Henry Smeathman produced a sketch entitled Creole Delicacy or The Domestic Felicity of Africans in the West Indies (published 1788). The image depicts a flogging presided over by an elegantly dressed white woman... Read More about The savage slave mistress: Punishing women in the British Caribbean, 1750–1834.

Tropical Hospitality, British Masculinity, and Drink in Late Eighteenth-Century Jamaica (2021)
Journal Article
Burnard, T. (in press). Tropical Hospitality, British Masculinity, and Drink in Late Eighteenth-Century Jamaica. The Historical journal, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0018246X2100025X

White Jamaicans developed a drinking culture that drew on British precedents, but which mutated in the tropics into a form of sociability different from how sociability operated in mid-eighteenth Enlightenment Europe, where civility was a much-aspire... Read More about Tropical Hospitality, British Masculinity, and Drink in Late Eighteenth-Century Jamaica.

From "Little Better than Slaves" to "Cowskin Heroes": Poor White People in Jamaica, 1655-1782 (2021)
Book
Burnard, T. (2021). From "Little Better than Slaves" to "Cowskin Heroes": Poor White People in Jamaica, 1655-1782. Berlin: EB-Verlag

The principal axes along which seventeenth and eighteenth-century Jamaica divided were those of colour and of freedom. By the late eighteenth century, it became axiomatic that all Protestant whites were free and that all blacks were either enslaved o... Read More about From "Little Better than Slaves" to "Cowskin Heroes": Poor White People in Jamaica, 1655-1782.

Introduction: The management of enslaved people on Anglo-American plantations, 1700-1860 (2021)
Journal Article
Burnard, T. (in press). Introduction: The management of enslaved people on Anglo-American plantations, 1700-1860. Journal of global slavery, 6(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1163/2405836X-00601010

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2021 This essay introduces a special issue on the management of enslaved people working on plantations in the British Caribbean and the American South. It focuses on the relationships between commodification, control,... Read More about Introduction: The management of enslaved people on Anglo-American plantations, 1700-1860.

Security, taxation, and the imperial system in Jamaica, 1721-1782 (2020)
Journal Article
Burnard, T., & Graham, A. (2020). Security, taxation, and the imperial system in Jamaica, 1721-1782. Early American Studies, 18(4), 461-489. https://doi.org/10.1353/eam.2020.0012

White Jamaicans paid relatively high rates of taxation to support a powerful and assertive imperial state in schemes of settlement and security. They paid such taxes willingly because they were satisfied with what they got from the state. Furthermore... Read More about Security, taxation, and the imperial system in Jamaica, 1721-1782.

Slavery and the new history of capitalism (2020)
Journal Article
Burnard, T., & Riello, G. (2020). Slavery and the new history of capitalism. Journal of Global History, 15(2), 225-244. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1740022820000029

© 2020 Cambridge University Press. The new history of capitalism (NHC) places a great deal of emphasis on slavery as a crucial world institution. Slavery, it is alleged, arose out of, and underpinned, capitalist development. This article starts by sh... Read More about Slavery and the new history of capitalism.

Jamaica in the Age of Revolution (2020)
Book
Burnard, T. (2020). Jamaica in the Age of Revolution. University of Pennsylvania Press (Penn Press)

Between the start of the Seven Years' War in 1756 and the onset of the French Revolution in 1789, Jamaica was the richest and most important colony in British America. White Jamaican slaveowners presided over a highly productive economic system, a pr... Read More about Jamaica in the Age of Revolution.

Slaves and Slavery in Kingston, 1770-1815 (2020)
Journal Article
Burnard, T. (2020). Slaves and Slavery in Kingston, 1770-1815. International Review of Social History, 65(S28), 39-65. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020859020000073

© 2020 Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis. Historians have mostly ignored Kingston and its enslaved population, despite it being the fourth largest town in the British Atlantic before the American Revolution and the town with the larg... Read More about Slaves and Slavery in Kingston, 1770-1815.

Sir John Gladstone and the Debate over the Amelioration of Slavery in the British West Indies in the 1820s (2018)
Journal Article
Burnard, T., & Candlin, K. (2018). Sir John Gladstone and the Debate over the Amelioration of Slavery in the British West Indies in the 1820s. Journal of British Studies, 57(4), 760-782. https://doi.org/10.1017/jbr.2018.115

© 2018 The North American Conference on British Studies. Sir John Gladstone made a fortune as a Demerara sugar-planter and a key supporter of the British policy of amelioration in which slavery would be improved by making it more humane. Unlike resid... Read More about Sir John Gladstone and the Debate over the Amelioration of Slavery in the British West Indies in the 1820s.

Living costs, real incomes and inequality in colonial Jamaica (2018)
Journal Article
Burnard, T., Panza, L., & Williamson, J. (2019). Living costs, real incomes and inequality in colonial Jamaica. Explorations in Economic History, 71, 55-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eeh.2018.09.002

© 2018 This paper provides the first quantitative assessment of colonial Jamaican real incomes and income inequality. We collect local prices to construct cost of living and purchasing power parity indicators. The latter lowers Jamaica's GDP per capi... Read More about Living costs, real incomes and inequality in colonial Jamaica.

A voice for slaves: The office of the fiscal in berbice and the beginning of protection in the british empire, 1819–1834 (2018)
Journal Article
Burnard, T. (2018). A voice for slaves: The office of the fiscal in berbice and the beginning of protection in the british empire, 1819–1834. Pacific Historical Review, 87(1), 30-53. https://doi.org/10.1525/phr.2018.87.1.30

© 2018 by the Pacific Coast Branch, American Historical Association. All rights reserved. This article examines the office of the Fiscal in Berbice (later British Guiana) between 1819 and 1834—a period encompassing amelioration and emancipation. It l... Read More about A voice for slaves: The office of the fiscal in berbice and the beginning of protection in the british empire, 1819–1834.

The Empire that never was: The nearly-Dutch Atlantic empire in the seventeenth century (2017)
Journal Article
Burnard, T., Goodfriend, J., Van Zandt, C., Frijhoff, W., & Klooster, W. (2017). The Empire that never was: The nearly-Dutch Atlantic empire in the seventeenth century. Journal of early American history, 7(1), 33-80. https://doi.org/10.1163/18770703-00701004

© koninklijke brill nv, leiden, 2017. This book forum focuses on Wim Klooster's The Dutch Moment: War, Trade, and Settlement in the Seventeenth-Century Atlantic World (Cornell University Press, 2016). In his book, Wim Klooster shows how the Dutch bui... Read More about The Empire that never was: The nearly-Dutch Atlantic empire in the seventeenth century.

The Plantation Machine: Atlantic Capitalism in French Saint-Domingue and British Jamaica (2016)
Book
Burnard, T., & Garrigus, J. (2016). The Plantation Machine: Atlantic Capitalism in French Saint-Domingue and British Jamaica. University of Pennsylvania Press (Penn Press). https://doi.org/10.9783/9780812293012

Jamaica and Saint-Domingue were especially brutal but conspicuously successful eighteenth-century slave societies and imperial colonies. These plantation regimes were, to adopt a metaphor of the era, complex "machines," finely tuned over time by plan... Read More about The Plantation Machine: Atlantic Capitalism in French Saint-Domingue and British Jamaica.

Ireland, Jamaica, and the fate of white protestants in the British Empire in the 1780s (2015)
Book Chapter
Burnard, T. (2015). Ireland, Jamaica, and the fate of white protestants in the British Empire in the 1780s. In A. McCarthy (Ed.), Ireland in the World Comparative, Transnational, and Personal Perspectives (15-33). New York: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315749020

This chapter characterises the shifting relationship between Irish and Welsh nationalists during the mid-twentieth century and then outlines the cooperative history of several significant Irish and Welsh organisations. The precursor was the Irish Ant... Read More about Ireland, Jamaica, and the fate of white protestants in the British Empire in the 1780s.

Slaves and Slavery, History of (2015)
Book Chapter
Burnard, T. (2015). Slaves and Slavery, History of. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (54-58). (2nd ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.62025-1

Slavery has existed for millennia. It is both a status - an inferior person with no rights in a society - and a condition, a kind of humanity which was accorded fewer rights than other forms of humanity. A slave was the quintessential outsider. Most... Read More about Slaves and Slavery, History of.