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Comparative investigation of concentrated photovoltaic thermal-thermoelectric with nanofluid cooling (2021)
Journal Article
Rejeb, O., Shittu, S., Li, G., Ghenai, C., Zhao, X., Ménézo, C., …Bettayeb, M. (2021). Comparative investigation of concentrated photovoltaic thermal-thermoelectric with nanofluid cooling. Energy Conversion and Management, 235, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2021.113968

Thermoelectric modules are capable of converting heat into electric energy via the Seebeck effect. Therefore the addition of the thermoelectric generator modules (TEG) between the PV module and the absorber plate inside a concentrated photovoltaic th... Read More about Comparative investigation of concentrated photovoltaic thermal-thermoelectric with nanofluid cooling.

Design and analysis of a novel dual source vapor injection heat pump using exhaust and ambient air (2020)
Journal Article
Li, J., Fan, Y., Zhao, X., Bai, X., Zhou, J., Badiei, A., …Ma, X. (2021). Design and analysis of a novel dual source vapor injection heat pump using exhaust and ambient air. Energy and Built Environment, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbenv.2020.11.004

A novel dual source vapor injection heat pump (DSVIHP) using exhaust and ambient air is proposed. The air exhausted from the building first releases energy to the medium-pressure evaporator and is then mixed with the ambient air to heat the low-press... Read More about Design and analysis of a novel dual source vapor injection heat pump using exhaust and ambient air.

Hourly performance forecast of a dew point cooler using explainable Artificial Intelligence and evolutionary optimisations by 2050 (2020)
Journal Article
Golizadeh Akhlaghi, Y., Aslansefat, K., Zhao, X., Sadati, S., Badiei, A., Xiao, X., …Ma, X. (2021). Hourly performance forecast of a dew point cooler using explainable Artificial Intelligence and evolutionary optimisations by 2050. Applied energy, 281, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.116062

The empirical success of the Artificial Intelligence (AI), has enhanced importance of the transparency in black box Machine Learning (ML) models. This study pioneers in developing an explainable and interpretable Deep Neural Network (DNN) model for a... Read More about Hourly performance forecast of a dew point cooler using explainable Artificial Intelligence and evolutionary optimisations by 2050.

A chronological review of advances in solar assisted heat pump technology in 21st century (2020)
Journal Article
Badiei, A., Golizadeh Akhlaghi, Y., Zhao, X., Shittu, S., Xiao, X., Li, J., …Li, G. (2020). A chronological review of advances in solar assisted heat pump technology in 21st century. Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, 132, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2020.110132

This paper presents a comprehensive review on developments and advances of Solar Assisted Heat Pump technology reported in 21st century. Combination of thermal and photovoltaic solar collectors with heat pumps has been widely used in recent decades f... Read More about A chronological review of advances in solar assisted heat pump technology in 21st century.

Economic and environmental analysis of a novel rural house heating and cooling system using a solar-assisted vapour injection heat pump (2020)
Journal Article
Fan, Y., Zhao, X., Li, J., Li, G., Myers, S., Cheng, Y., …Ma, X. (2020). Economic and environmental analysis of a novel rural house heating and cooling system using a solar-assisted vapour injection heat pump. Applied energy, 275, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115323

An efficient low-carbon system is proposed to meet the heating and cooling demands of rural houses in cold regions. Mini-channel solar panels incorporating a novel multiple-throughout-flowing loop are used for heat collection, whilst a vapour injecti... Read More about Economic and environmental analysis of a novel rural house heating and cooling system using a solar-assisted vapour injection heat pump.

Electrical and mechanical analysis of a segmented solar thermoelectric generator under non-uniform heat flux (2020)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Xuan, Q., Zhao, X., Ma, X., & Cui, Y. (2020). Electrical and mechanical analysis of a segmented solar thermoelectric generator under non-uniform heat flux. Energy, 199, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2020.117433

Optimization of segmented solar thermoelectric generator for power output enhancement has been well researched however, the mechanical reliability study of such devices is usually neglected. In addition, assumed heat flux distribution or uniform flux... Read More about Electrical and mechanical analysis of a segmented solar thermoelectric generator under non-uniform heat flux.

Review of thermoelectric geometry and structure optimization for performance enhancement (2020)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Zhao, X., & Ma, X. (2020). Review of thermoelectric geometry and structure optimization for performance enhancement. Applied energy, 268, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115075

© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Thermoelectric geometry and structure optimization are vital research areas which are being explored extensively in recent years due to significant performance enhancement achieved. However, the lack of a single review paper on th... Read More about Review of thermoelectric geometry and structure optimization for performance enhancement.

Experimental and numerical investigation of a novel photovoltaic/thermal system using micro-channel flat loop heat pipe (PV/T-MCFLHP) (2020)
Journal Article
Chen, F., Hu, M., Badiei, A., Yu, M., Huang, Z., Wang, Z., & Zhao, X. (2020). Experimental and numerical investigation of a novel photovoltaic/thermal system using micro-channel flat loop heat pipe (PV/T-MCFLHP). International journal of low carbon technologies, 15(4), 513-527. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/ctaa019

© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. In this paper, a novel photovoltaic/thermal system using micro-channel flat loop heat pipe (PV/T-MCFLHP) is proposed, and the thermal and electrical performance of the s... Read More about Experimental and numerical investigation of a novel photovoltaic/thermal system using micro-channel flat loop heat pipe (PV/T-MCFLHP).

Geometry Effect on Photovoltaic-Thermoelectric Transient Performance (2020)
Conference Proceeding
Shittu, S., Li, G., Zhao, X., & Ma, X. (2020). Geometry Effect on Photovoltaic-Thermoelectric Transient Performance. In Volume 2: Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Applied Energy, Part 1, Sweden, 2019

This paper presents a three-dimensional numerical investigation on the effect of thermoelectric geometry on hybrid photovoltaic-thermoelectric (PV-TE) performance under varying weather conditions. Four thermoelectric (TE) geometries corresponding to... Read More about Geometry Effect on Photovoltaic-Thermoelectric Transient Performance.

Analysis of thermoelectric geometry in a concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric under varying weather conditions (2020)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Tang, X., Zhao, X., Ma, X., & Badiei, A. (2020). Analysis of thermoelectric geometry in a concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric under varying weather conditions. Energy, 202, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2020.117742

This study presents a detailed three-dimensional numerical investigation of the optimum thermoelectric geometry in a hybrid concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric system under varying weather conditions. Four different thermoelectric leg geometries... Read More about Analysis of thermoelectric geometry in a concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric under varying weather conditions.

Can whole building energy models outperform numerical models, when forecasting performance of indirect evaporative cooling systems? (2020)
Journal Article
Badiei, A., Akhlaghi, Y. G., Zhao, X., Li, J., Yi, F., & Wang, Z. (2020). Can whole building energy models outperform numerical models, when forecasting performance of indirect evaporative cooling systems?. Energy Conversion and Management, 213, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2020.112886

This paper presents a whole building energy modelling work incorporating a state-of-the-art indirect evaporative cooling system. The model is calibrated and validated with real-life empirical data, and is capable of representing actual performance of... Read More about Can whole building energy models outperform numerical models, when forecasting performance of indirect evaporative cooling systems?.

A constraint multi-objective evolutionary optimization of a state-of-the-art dew point cooler using digital twins (2020)
Journal Article
Golizadeh Akhlaghi, Y., Badiei, A., Zhao, X., Aslansefat, K., Xiao, X., Shittu, S., & Ma, X. (2020). A constraint multi-objective evolutionary optimization of a state-of-the-art dew point cooler using digital twins. Energy Conversion and Management, 211, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2020.112772

This study is pioneered in developing digital twins using Feed-forward Neural Network (FFNN) and multi objective evolutionary optimization (MOEO) using Genetic Algorithm (GA) for a counter-flow Dew Point Cooler with a novel Guideless Irregular Heat a... Read More about A constraint multi-objective evolutionary optimization of a state-of-the-art dew point cooler using digital twins.

Transient and non-uniform heat flux effect on solar thermoelectric generator with phase change material (2020)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Xuan, Q., Xiao, X., Zhao, X., Ma, X., & Akhlaghi, Y. G. (2020). Transient and non-uniform heat flux effect on solar thermoelectric generator with phase change material. Applied thermal engineering, 173, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115206

Transient and non-uniform heat flux from solar concentrators can affect the performance of solar thermoelectric generators, which generate electricity from concentrated solar radiation. Therefore, this paper presents a detailed three-dimensional stud... Read More about Transient and non-uniform heat flux effect on solar thermoelectric generator with phase change material.

Optimization and performance analysis of a solar concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric (CPV-TE) hybrid system (2020)
Journal Article
Rejeb, O., Shittu, S., Ghenai, C., Li, G., Zhao, X., & Bettayeb, M. (2020). Optimization and performance analysis of a solar concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric (CPV-TE) hybrid system. Renewable energy, 152, 1342-1353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2020.02.007

This work presents, for the first time, a statistical model to forecast the electrical efficiency of concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric system (CPV-TE). The main objective of this work is to analyze the impact of the input factors (product of s... Read More about Optimization and performance analysis of a solar concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric (CPV-TE) hybrid system.

Experimental study and exergy analysis of photovoltaic-thermoelectric with flat plate micro-channel heat pipe (2020)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Zhao, X., Zhou, J., Ma, X., & Akhlaghi, Y. G. (2020). Experimental study and exergy analysis of photovoltaic-thermoelectric with flat plate micro-channel heat pipe. Energy Conversion and Management, 207, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2020.112515

Effective cooling of the photovoltaic can enhance electrical conversion efficiency of a photovoltaic system. The combination of photovoltaic and thermoelectric generator provides unique advantages because of their complementary characteristics. In ad... Read More about Experimental study and exergy analysis of photovoltaic-thermoelectric with flat plate micro-channel heat pipe.

Comprehensive study and optimization of concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric considering all contact resistances (2020)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Zhao, X., Ma, X., Akhlaghi, Y. G., & Fan, Y. (2020). Comprehensive study and optimization of concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric considering all contact resistances. Energy Conversion and Management, 205, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2019.112422

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd A consequence of the integration of photovoltaic module and thermoelectric generator is the presence of thermal contact, which affects the heat transfer in the hybrid system. Thermal and electrical contact are inevitable in a ther... Read More about Comprehensive study and optimization of concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric considering all contact resistances.

Thermoelectric generator performance enhancement by the application of pulsed heat power (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Shittu, S., Li, G., Zhao, X., & Ma, X. (2019). Thermoelectric generator performance enhancement by the application of pulsed heat power. https://doi.org/10.11159/ffhmt19.146

Thermoelectric generator (TEG) is usually studied under steady state heating conditions however, the use of pulsed heat power could significantly enhance its performance. Therefore, this paper presents a numerical investigation of the thermal and ele... Read More about Thermoelectric generator performance enhancement by the application of pulsed heat power.

Scale effect on electrical characteristics of CPC-PV (2019)
Journal Article
Li, G., Lu, Y., Shittu, S., & Zhao, X. (2020). Scale effect on electrical characteristics of CPC-PV. Energy, 192, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.116726

Recently, the flux distribution and Photovoltaic (PV) structure optimization have been paid more attention in the design of concentrating Photovoltaic (CPV) by several researchers while the scale factor is sometimes decided by the processing technolo... Read More about Scale effect on electrical characteristics of CPC-PV.

Thermal performance analysis of a solar energy storage unit encapsulated with HITEC salt/copper foam/nanoparticles composite (2019)
Journal Article
Xiao, X., Jia, H., Wen, D., & Zhao, X. (2020). Thermal performance analysis of a solar energy storage unit encapsulated with HITEC salt/copper foam/nanoparticles composite. Energy, 192, 116593. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.116593

HITEC salt (40 wt. % NaNO2, 7 wt. % NaNO3, 53 wt. % KNO3) with a melting temperature of about 142 °C is a typical phase change material (PCM) for solar energy storage. Both aluminum oxide (Al2O3) nanopowder and metal foam were used to enhance pure HI... Read More about Thermal performance analysis of a solar energy storage unit encapsulated with HITEC salt/copper foam/nanoparticles composite.

Building integrated thermoelectric air conditioners—a potentially fully environmentally friendly solution in building services (2019)
Journal Article
Ma, X., Zhao, H., Zhao, X., Li, G., & Shittu, S. (2019). Building integrated thermoelectric air conditioners—a potentially fully environmentally friendly solution in building services. Future Cities and Environment, 5(1), 12. https://doi.org/10.5334/fce.76

The refrigerants used in conventional vapor-compression air conditioning systems have detrimental effects on the global environment. Phasing-down hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants for HVAC equipment over the next 20 years has been proposed. A ther... Read More about Building integrated thermoelectric air conditioners—a potentially fully environmentally friendly solution in building services.