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Optimized high performance thermoelectric generator with combined segmented and asymmetrical legs under pulsed heat input power (2019)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Zhao, X., Ma, X., Golizadeh Akhlaghi, Y., & Ayodele, E. (in press). Optimized high performance thermoelectric generator with combined segmented and asymmetrical legs under pulsed heat input power. Journal of power sources,

In this study, a segmented asymmetrical thermoelectric generator (SASTEG) is numerically investigated to optimize its electrical performance and mechanical reliability under transient and steady state conditions. The thermal and electrical performanc... Read More

Comparative study of a concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric system with and without flat plate heat pipe (2019)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Zhao, X., Golizadeh Akhlaghi, Y., Ma, X., & Yu, M. (2019). Comparative study of a concentrated photovoltaic-thermoelectric system with and without flat plate heat pipe. Energy Conversion and Management, 193, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2019.04.055

Thermal management of photovoltaic cells is an essential research objective for increasing the conversion efficiency of the photovoltaic. Flat plate heat pipe is a passive cooling device capable of effectively reducing the solar cell temperature. The... Read More

Advancements in thermoelectric generators for enhanced hybrid photovoltaic system performance (2019)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Akhlaghi, Y. G., Ma, X., Zhao, X., & Ayodele, E. (2019). Advancements in thermoelectric generators for enhanced hybrid photovoltaic system performance. Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, 109, 24-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.04.023

Effective thermal management of photovoltaic cells is essential for improving its conversion efficiency and increasing its life span. Solar cell temperature and efficiency have an inverse relationship therefore, cooling of solar cells is a critical r... Read More

The design, construction and experimental characterization of a novel concentrating photovoltaic/daylighting window for green building roof (2019)
Journal Article
Xuan, Q., Li, G., Lu, Y., Zhao, B., Zhao, X., & Pei, G. (2019). The design, construction and experimental characterization of a novel concentrating photovoltaic/daylighting window for green building roof. Energy, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.03.135

A novel concentrating photovoltaic/daylighting window to achieve the multi-function of the electricity generation and daylighting for buildings has been designed, constructed and experimentally characterized. It’s found that the concentrating photovo... Read More

High performance and thermal stress analysis of a segmented annular thermoelectric generator (2019)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Zhao, X., Ma, X., Akhlaghi, Y. G., & Ayodele, E. (2019). High performance and thermal stress analysis of a segmented annular thermoelectric generator. Energy Conversion and Management, 184, 180-193. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2019.01.064

Annular thermoelectric generators can eliminate the thermal contact resistance formed due to geometry mismatch when flat-plate thermoelectric generators are used with round shaped heat source or heat sink. Therefore, in this study, the numerical simu... Read More

Comparative analysis of thermoelectric elements optimum geometry between photovoltaic-thermoelectric and solar thermoelectric (2019)
Journal Article
Li, G., Shittu, S., Ma, X., & Zhao, X. (2019). Comparative analysis of thermoelectric elements optimum geometry between photovoltaic-thermoelectric and solar thermoelectric. Energy, 171, 599-610. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2019.01.057

The optimization of the thermoelectric (TE) device geometry is one of the significant ways to improve its efficiency and power output. However, the complex relationship between the Photovoltaic and the thermoelectric device necessitates the need for... Read More

Analytical and experimental study of an innovative multiple-throughout-flowing micro-channel-panels-array for a solar-powered rural house space heating system (2019)
Journal Article
Fan, Y., Zhao, X., Li, G., Cheng, Y., Zhou, J., Yu, M., …Ma, X. (2019). Analytical and experimental study of an innovative multiple-throughout-flowing micro-channel-panels-array for a solar-powered rural house space heating system. Energy, 171, 566-580. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2019.01.049

This paper presents a combined analytical and experimental study of an innovative multiple-throughout-flowing micro-channel-panels-array applicable to a solar-powered rural house space heating system. This array, compared to the traditional one-to-on... Read More

Frosting performance of a nanoporous hydrophilic aluminum surface (2018)
Journal Article
Yang, W., Zeng, B., Zhang, Y., He, S., & Zhao, X. (2018). Frosting performance of a nanoporous hydrophilic aluminum surface. Energies, 11(12), https://doi.org/10.3390/en11123483

As an efficient energy-saving piece of equipment, an air-source heat pump can not only reduce the energy consumption required for heating, but can also reduce the pollution from fossil consumption. However, when an air-source heat pump operates und... Read More

Thermo-mechanical behavior assessment of smart wire connected and busbarPV modules during production, transportation, and subsequent field loading stages (2018)
Journal Article
Li, G., Akram, M., Jin, Y., Chen, X., Zhu, C., Ahmad, A., …Zhao, X. (2019). Thermo-mechanical behavior assessment of smart wire connected and busbarPV modules during production, transportation, and subsequent field loading stages. Energy, 168, 931-945. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2018.12.002

Thermo-mechanical loads induce stresses in photovoltaic (PV) modules, leading to crack formation. In this context, the understanding of module’s thermo-mechanical behavior is important. To investigate the thermo-mechanical behavior of smart wire conn... Read More

Study on dehumidification performance of a multi-stage internal cooling solid desiccant adsorption packed bed (2018)
Journal Article
Yang, W., Ren, J., Lin, Z., Wang, Z., & Zhao, X. (2018). Study on dehumidification performance of a multi-stage internal cooling solid desiccant adsorption packed bed. Energies, 11(11), 3038. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11113038

In this paper, the solid desiccant adsorption packed bed with a three-stage internal cooling (ICSPB) has been proposed to improve the dehumidification efficiency and make a comparison with that of non-internal cooling. To investigate the performance... Read More

A study on thermal characteristic and sleeping comfort of a hybrid solar heating system applied in cold rural areas (2018)
Journal Article
Zhao, D., Ji, J., Yu, H., & Zhao, X. (2019). A study on thermal characteristic and sleeping comfort of a hybrid solar heating system applied in cold rural areas. Energy and Buildings, 182, 242-250. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.10.027

A hybrid solar heating system combining a solar kang subsystem and a solar air heating subsystem for keeping indoor space within thermal comfort level has been investigated in this article for the climatic conditions of Qinghai Province (35°N 96°E)-... Read More

Thermal performance enhancement of a cross-flow-type maisotsenko heat and mass exchanger using various nanofluids (2018)
Journal Article
Tariq, R., Zhan, C., Sheikh, N. A., & Zhao, X. (2018). Thermal performance enhancement of a cross-flow-type maisotsenko heat and mass exchanger using various nanofluids. Energies, 11(10), 2656. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11102656

© 2018 by the authors. The incorporation of a Maisotsenko (M) Cycle into an indirect evaporative cooler has led to the achievement of sub-wet bulb temperature without any humidification, thus making it a possible green and sustainable alternative for... Read More

Series of detail comparison and optimization of thermoelectric element geometry considering the PV effect (2018)
Journal Article
Shittu, S., Li, G., Zhao, X., & Ma, X. (2019). Series of detail comparison and optimization of thermoelectric element geometry considering the PV effect. Renewable energy, 130, 930-942. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.07.002

This study investigates the optimum geometry for maximum efficiency of a hybrid PV-TE uni-couple using Finite Element Method. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to solve the 3-Dimensional heat transfer equations considering thermoelectric materials with tem... Read More

Performance analysis and discussion on the thermoelectric element footprint for PV–TE maximum power generation (2018)
Journal Article
Li, G., Zhao, X., Jin, Y., Chen, X., Ji, J., & Shittu, S. (2018). Performance analysis and discussion on the thermoelectric element footprint for PV–TE maximum power generation. Journal of electronic materials, 47(9), 5344-5351. doi:10.1007/s11664-018-6421-4

Geometrical optimisation is a valuable way to improve the efficiency of a thermoelectric element (TE). In a hybrid photovoltaic-thermoelectric (PV-TE) system, the photovoltaic (PV) and thermoelectric (TE) components have a relatively complex relation... Read More

A review of solar photovoltaic-thermoelectric hybrid system for electricity generation (2018)
Journal Article
Li, G., Shittu, S., Diallo, T. M., Yu, M., Zhao, X., & Ji, J. (2018). A review of solar photovoltaic-thermoelectric hybrid system for electricity generation. Energy, 158, 41-58. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2018.06.021

Solar energy application in a wider spectrum has the potential for high efficiency energy conversion. However, solar cells can only absorb photon energy of the solar spectrum near the solar cell band-gap energy, and the remaining energy will be conve... Read More

Numerical study of a regenerative counter flow evaporative cooler using alumina nanoparticles in wet channel (2018)
Journal Article
Sheikh, N. A., Tariq, R., Zhan, C., Zhao, X., & Sheikh, N. A. (2018). Numerical study of a regenerative counter flow evaporative cooler using alumina nanoparticles in wet channel. Energy and Buildings, 169, (430-443). doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.03.086. ISSN 0378-7788

The use of Maisotsenko Cycle (M-Cycle) has enhanced the domain of evaporative cooling technologies to sub-wet bulb temperature cooling while ensuring moisture control. Several studies have demonstrated the use of cross-flow heat & mass exchanger (HMX... Read More

Inconsistent phenomenon of thermoelectric load resistance for photovoltaic–thermoelectric module (2018)
Journal Article
Li, G., Zhou, K., Song, Z., Zhao, X., & Ji, J. (2018). Inconsistent phenomenon of thermoelectric load resistance for photovoltaic–thermoelectric module. Energy Conversion and Management, 161, (155-161). doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2018.01.079. ISSN 0196-8904

Combing PV with Thermoelectric (TE) would be dominant because it can employ the solar fully spectrum to produce electricity. But the TE efficiency is significantly lower than PV efficiency and the coupling effect between them will limit the performan... Read More

Analytical investigation of the heat-transfer limits of a novel solar loop-heat pipe employing a mini-channel evaporator (2018)
Journal Article
Diallo, T. M., Yu, M., Zhou, J., Zhao, X., Ji, J., & Hardy, D. (2018). Analytical investigation of the heat-transfer limits of a novel solar loop-heat pipe employing a mini-channel evaporator. Energies, 11(1), https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010148

© 2018 by the authors. This paper presents an analytical investigation of heat-transfer limits of a novel solar loop-heat pipe developed for space heating and domestic hot water use. In the loop-heat pipe, the condensate liquid returns to the evapora... Read More

The energy and exergy analysis of counter-flow regenerative evaporative cooler (2018)
Journal Article
Wang, L., Zhan, C., Zhang, J., & Zhao, X. (2018). The energy and exergy analysis of counter-flow regenerative evaporative cooler. Thermal science Society of Heat Transfer Engineers of Serbia and Montenegro, 2018, https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI180602304W

© 2018 Serbian Society of Heat Transfer Engineers. Recently the regenerative evaporative cooler (REC) has drawn great attention from researchers because it can cool the intake air below the wet-bulb temperature and approaching its dew point temperatu... Read More

The energy and exergy analysis on the performance of counter-flow heat and mass exchanger for M-Cycle indirect evaporative cooling (2018)
Journal Article
Wang, L., Zhan, C., Zhang, J., & Zhao, X. (2018). The energy and exergy analysis on the performance of counter-flow heat and mass exchanger for M-Cycle indirect evaporative cooling. Thermal science Society of Heat Transfer Engineers of Serbia and Montenegro, 2018, https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI171221153W

© 2018 Serbian Society of Heat Transfer Engineers. The dew point Indirect Evaporative Cooling (IEC) achieved through Maisotsenko cycle (M-Cycle) is a complicated thermodynamic process. For further understanding of the heat and mass transfer occurred... Read More