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Physiologically relevant screening of polyphenol-rich commercial preparations for bioactivity in vascular endothelial cells and application to healthy volunteers: a viable workflow and a cautionary tale (2019)
Journal Article
Jones, H., Papageorgiou, M., Gordon, A., Ehtesham, Javed, Z., Wells, L. K., …Sathyapalan, T. (2020). Physiologically relevant screening of polyphenol-rich commercial preparations for bioactivity in vascular endothelial cells and application to healthy volunteers: a viable workflow and a cautionary tale. Biochemical Pharmacology, 173, Article 113754. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcp.2019.113754

© 2019 Elsevier Inc. This study describes the screening of 13 commercially-available plant extracts for pharmacological activity modulating vascular function using an endothelial cell model. A French maritime pine bark extract (FMPBE) was found to ha... Read More about Physiologically relevant screening of polyphenol-rich commercial preparations for bioactivity in vascular endothelial cells and application to healthy volunteers: a viable workflow and a cautionary tale.

Clinical quantification of the integrin αvβ6 by [18F]FB-A20FMDV2 positron emission tomography in healthy and fibrotic human lung (PETAL Study) (2019)
Journal Article
Lukey, P. T., Coello, C., Gunn, R., Parker, C., Wilson, F. J., Saleem, A., …Marshall, R. P. (2020). Clinical quantification of the integrin αvβ6 by [18F]FB-A20FMDV2 positron emission tomography in healthy and fibrotic human lung (PETAL Study). European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, 47(4), 967-979. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00259-019-04586-z

© 2019, The Author(s). Purpose: The RGD-integrin, αvβ6, plays a role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis through activation of transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ). This study sought to quantify expression of αvβ6 in the lungs of healthy huma... Read More about Clinical quantification of the integrin αvβ6 by [18F]FB-A20FMDV2 positron emission tomography in healthy and fibrotic human lung (PETAL Study).

Isolated tumour microparticles induce endothelial microparticle release in vitro (2019)
Journal Article
Faulkner, L. G., Alqarni, S., Maraveyas, A., & Madden, L. A. (2020). Isolated tumour microparticles induce endothelial microparticle release in vitro. Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis, 31(1), 35-42. https://doi.org/10.1097/MBC.0000000000000876

© 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Cancer induces a hypercoagulable state, resulting in an increased risk of venous thromboembolism. One of the mechanisms driving this is tissue factor (TF) production by the tumour, released in s... Read More about Isolated tumour microparticles induce endothelial microparticle release in vitro.

Characterisation of a New Human Alveolar Macrophage-Like Cell Line (Daisy) (2019)
Journal Article
Sadofsky, L. R., Hayman, Y. A., Vance, J., Cervantes, J. L., Fraser, S. D., Wilkinson, H. N., …Morice, A. H. (2019). Characterisation of a New Human Alveolar Macrophage-Like Cell Line (Daisy). Lung, 197(6), 687-698. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00408-019-00288-3

Purpose: There is currently no true macrophage cell line and in vitro experiments requiring these cells currently require mitogenic stimulation of a macrophage precursor cell line (THP-1) or ex vivo maturation of circulating primary monocytes. In thi... Read More about Characterisation of a New Human Alveolar Macrophage-Like Cell Line (Daisy).

Genome-wide association study of susceptibility to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (2019)
Journal Article
Sin, D. D., O'Connor, G. T., Newell Jr., J. D., Allen, R. J., Guillen-Guio, B., Oldham, J. M., …Wain, L. V. (2020). Genome-wide association study of susceptibility to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 201(5), 564-574. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201905-1017OC

Rationale: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a complex lung disease characterized by scarring of the lung that is believed to result from an atypical response to injury of the epithelium. Genome-wide association studies have reported signals of... Read More about Genome-wide association study of susceptibility to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Comparative Evaluation of Biomarkers of Inflammation Among Indian Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Consuming Vegetarian vs. Non-vegetarian Diet (2019)
Journal Article
Ganie, M. A., Sahar, T., Rashid, A., Wani, I. A., Nisar, S., Sathyapalan, T., …Geer, I. (2019). Comparative Evaluation of Biomarkers of Inflammation Among Indian Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Consuming Vegetarian vs. Non-vegetarian Diet. Frontiers in endocrinology, 10, Article 699. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00699

Background: Sub-inflammation and insulin resistance characterize women with PCOS. Data on dietary modulation of inflammation among PCOS women is scant, particularly from Indian subcontinent. The present study aimed to assess the effect of plant based... Read More about Comparative Evaluation of Biomarkers of Inflammation Among Indian Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Consuming Vegetarian vs. Non-vegetarian Diet.

Expression of microRNA in follicular fluid in women with and without PCOS (2019)
Journal Article
Butler, A. E., Ramachandran, V., Hayat, S., Dargham, S. R., Cunningham, T. K., Benurwar, M., …Atkin, S. L. (2019). Expression of microRNA in follicular fluid in women with and without PCOS. Scientific reports, 9(1), Article 16306. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-52856-5

© 2019, The Author(s). Several studies have shown the expression of small non-coding microRNA (miRNA) changes in PCOS and their expression in follicular fluid has been described, though the number of studies remains small. In this prospective cohort... Read More about Expression of microRNA in follicular fluid in women with and without PCOS.

Accumulation of tissue factor in endothelial cells promotes cellular apoptosis through over-activation of Src1 and involves β1-integrin signalling (2019)
Journal Article
Ethaeb, A. M., Mohammad, M. A., Madkhali, Y., Maraveyas, A., Featherby, S., Greenman, J., & Ettelaie, C. (2020). Accumulation of tissue factor in endothelial cells promotes cellular apoptosis through over-activation of Src1 and involves β1-integrin signalling. Apoptosis, 25(1-2), 29-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10495-019-01576-2

Accumulation of tissue factor (TF) within cells leads to cellular apoptosis mediated through p38 and p53 pathways. In this study, the involvement of Src1 in the induction of TF-mediated cell apoptosis, and the mechanisms of Src1 activation were inves... Read More about Accumulation of tissue factor in endothelial cells promotes cellular apoptosis through over-activation of Src1 and involves β1-integrin signalling.

A feasibility, randomised controlled trial of a complex breathlessness intervention in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (BREEZE-IPF): study protocol (2019)
Journal Article
Wright, C., Hart, S. P., Allgar, V., English, A., Swan, F., Dyson, J., …Crooks, M. G. (2019). A feasibility, randomised controlled trial of a complex breathlessness intervention in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (BREEZE-IPF): study protocol. ERJ Open Research, 5(4), Article 0186. https://doi.org/10.1183/23120541.00186-2019

Introduction: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and progressive lung disease that causes breathlessness and cough that worsen over time, limiting daily activities and negatively impacting quality of life. Although treatments are now av... Read More about A feasibility, randomised controlled trial of a complex breathlessness intervention in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (BREEZE-IPF): study protocol.

Cough presentation in primary care and the identification of chronic cough: a need for diagnostic clarity? (2019)
Journal Article
Holden, S. E., Morice, A., Birring, S. S., Jenkins-Jones, S., Langerman, H., Weaver, J., & Currie, C. J. (2020). Cough presentation in primary care and the identification of chronic cough: a need for diagnostic clarity?. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 36(1), 139-150. https://doi.org/10.1080/03007995.2019.1673716

© 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Objective: To investigate patterns of presentation of cough in primary care and develop an algorithm to identify probable and possible chronic cough (CC). Methods: This retrospective obs... Read More about Cough presentation in primary care and the identification of chronic cough: a need for diagnostic clarity?.

The effect of radioiodine treatment on the diseased thyroid gland (2019)
Journal Article
Riley, A. S., McKenzie, G. A. G., Green, V., Schettino, G., England, R. J. A., & Greenman, J. (2019). The effect of radioiodine treatment on the diseased thyroid gland. International Journal of Radiation Biology, 95(12), 1718-1727. https://doi.org/10.1080/09553002.2019.1665206

Purpose: Radioiodine (I131) therapy is the treatment mainstay for several benign and malignant thyroid disorders, however I131 is known to cause DNA damage and liberation of thyroidal self-antigens inducing secondary immunoreactivity. The exact mecha... Read More about The effect of radioiodine treatment on the diseased thyroid gland.

ERS guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of chronic cough in adults and children (2019)
Journal Article
Morice, A. H., Millqvist, E., Bieksiene, K., Birring, S. S., Dicpinigaitis, P., Ribas, C. D., …Zacharasiewicz, A. (2020). ERS guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of chronic cough in adults and children. European respiratory journal, 55(1), https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01136-2019

Copyright © ERS 2020 These guidelines incorporate the recent advances in chronic cough pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. The concept of cough hypersensitivity has allowed an umbrella term that explains the exquisite sensitivity of patients to... Read More about ERS guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of chronic cough in adults and children.

Presurgery conditioning interventions (prehabilitation) in adults undergoing lower limb surgery for peripheral arterial disease (2019)
Journal Article
Palmer, J., Pymer, S., Smith, G. E., Harwood, A. E., Ingle, L., Huang, C., & Chetter, I. C. (2019). Presurgery conditioning interventions (prehabilitation) in adults undergoing lower limb surgery for peripheral arterial disease. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 2019(9), Article CD013407. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd013407

This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effectiveness of prehabilitation (preoperative exercise, either alone or in combination with nutritional or psychological interventions or both)... Read More about Presurgery conditioning interventions (prehabilitation) in adults undergoing lower limb surgery for peripheral arterial disease.

Anti-fibrotic effects of curcumin and some of its analogues in the heart (2019)
Journal Article
Gorabi, A. M., Hajighasemi, S., Kiaie, N., Rosano, G. M. C., Sathyapalan, T., Al-Rasadi, K., & Sahebkar, A. (2020). Anti-fibrotic effects of curcumin and some of its analogues in the heart. Heart Failure Reviews, 25(5), 731-743. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10741-019-09854-6

Cardiac fibrosis stems from the changes in the expression of fibrotic genes in cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) in response to the tissue damage induced by various cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) leading to their transformation into active myofibroblasts, wh... Read More about Anti-fibrotic effects of curcumin and some of its analogues in the heart.

Five-Year Outcomes of a Randomized Trial of Treatments for Varicose Veins (2019)
Journal Article
Brittenden, J., Cooper, D., Dimitrova, M., Scotland, G., Cotton, S. C., Elders, A., …Campbell, M. K. (2019). Five-Year Outcomes of a Randomized Trial of Treatments for Varicose Veins. New England Journal of Medicine, 381(10), 912-922. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1805186

Copyright © 2019 Massachusetts Medical Society. BACKGROUND Endovenous laser ablation and ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy are recommended alternatives to surgery for the treatment of primary varicose veins, but their long-term comparative effecti... Read More about Five-Year Outcomes of a Randomized Trial of Treatments for Varicose Veins.

Alterations in long noncoding RNAs in women with and without polycystic ovarian syndrome (2019)
Journal Article
Butler, A. E., Hayat, S., Dargam, S. R., Malek, J. A., Abdullah, S. A., Mahmoud, Y. A., …Atkin, S. L. (2019). Alterations in long noncoding RNAs in women with and without polycystic ovarian syndrome. Clinical Endocrinology, 91(6), 793-797. https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.14087

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are RNA transcripts over 200 nucleotides long that are not translated into protein; however, there is increasing evidence of their regulatory functions. To date, there are few studies measuring lncRNA in control women or... Read More about Alterations in long noncoding RNAs in women with and without polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Inhaled corticosteroids and placebo treatment effects in adult patients with cough: A systematic review and meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Lee, S. E., Lee, J., Kim, H. J., Lee, B., Cho, S., Price, D., …Song, W. (2019). Inhaled corticosteroids and placebo treatment effects in adult patients with cough: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Allergy Asthma and Immunology Research, 11(6), 856-870. https://doi.org/10.4168/aair.2019.11.6.856

Purpose: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are often considered an empirical therapy in the management of patients with cough. However, ICS responsiveness is difficult to interpret in daily clinical practice, as the improvements may include placebo effe... Read More about Inhaled corticosteroids and placebo treatment effects in adult patients with cough: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

The CD105:CD106 microparticle ratio is CD106 dominant in polycystic ovary syndrome compared to type 2 diabetes and healthy subjects (2019)
Journal Article
Al-Qaissi, A., Alqarni, S., Javed, Z., Atkin, S. L., Sathyapalan, T., Vince, R., & Madden, L. A. (2019). The CD105:CD106 microparticle ratio is CD106 dominant in polycystic ovary syndrome compared to type 2 diabetes and healthy subjects. Endocrine, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12020-019-02059-9

© 2019, The Author(s). Background: A retrospective analysis was carried out from patients and controls during the past 5 years from a series of studies investigating endothelial microparticles (MP). Methods: In total, 319 samples from 207 individuals... Read More about The CD105:CD106 microparticle ratio is CD106 dominant in polycystic ovary syndrome compared to type 2 diabetes and healthy subjects.

Therapeutic effects of Crocin in autoimmune diseases: A review (2019)
Journal Article
Korani, S., Korani, M., Sathyapalan, T., & Sahebkar, A. (2019). Therapeutic effects of Crocin in autoimmune diseases: A review. BioFactors, 45(6), 835-843. https://doi.org/10.1002/biof.1557

The immune system when acts against selfmolecules results in an imbalance in immunologic tolerance leading to the development of several autoimmune diseases (ADs) such as rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, ulcerative colitis, type 1 diabetes, and multiple... Read More about Therapeutic effects of Crocin in autoimmune diseases: A review.

A review of the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of auraptene (2019)
Journal Article
Bibak, B., Shakeri, F., Barreto, G. E., Keshavarzi, Z., Sathyapalan, T., & Sahebkar, A. (2019). A review of the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of auraptene. BioFactors, 45(6), 867-879. https://doi.org/10.1002/biof.1550

There is a growing awareness in herbal medications as they are usually safe and devoid of significant adverse effects. Auraptene is a natural bioactive monoterpene coumarin ether and is consumed all over the world. There is growing evidence of the th... Read More about A review of the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of auraptene.