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Triggers of Breathlessness in Inducible Laryngeal Obstruction and Asthma (2020)
Journal Article
Haines, J., Chua, S. H., Smith, J., Slinger, C., Simpson, A. J., & Fowler, S. J. (in press). Triggers of Breathlessness in Inducible Laryngeal Obstruction and Asthma. Clinical and Experimental Allergy, https://doi.org/10.1111/cea.13715

Background Inducible laryngeal obstruction (ILO) is often misdiagnosed as, or may coexist with, asthma. Identifying differences in triggering factors may assist clinicians to differentiate between the two conditions, and could give mechanistic insig... Read More about Triggers of Breathlessness in Inducible Laryngeal Obstruction and Asthma.

Current insights into exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease and chronic heart failure (2020)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., McGregor, G., Breckon, J., & Ingle, L. (in press). Current insights into exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease and chronic heart failure. International journal of sports medicine, https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1198-5573

Cardiac rehabilitation is a package of lifestyle secondary prevention strategies designed for patients with coronary heart disease and chronic heart failure. A community-based cardiac rehabilitation programme provides patients with a structured exerc... Read More about Current insights into exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease and chronic heart failure.

high INtensity Interval Training In pATiEnts with intermittent claudication (INITIATE): protocol for a multi-centre, proof-of-concept, prospective interventional study (2020)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Harwood, A., Ibeggazene, S., McGregor, G., Huang, C., Twiddy, M., …Chetter, I. C. (2020). high INtensity Interval Training In pATiEnts with intermittent claudication (INITIATE): protocol for a multi-centre, proof-of-concept, prospective interventional study. BMJ open, 10(7), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038825

Introduction: The first-line recommended treatment for patients with intermittent claudication (IC), is a supervised exercise programme (SEP), which includes a minimum of 2 hours exercise per week over a 12-week period. However, provision, uptake, an... Read More about high INtensity Interval Training In pATiEnts with intermittent claudication (INITIATE): protocol for a multi-centre, proof-of-concept, prospective interventional study.

The Susceptibles, Chancers, Pragmatists, and Fair Players: An examination of the Sport Drug Control Model for Adolescent Athletes, cluster effects, and norm values among adolescent athletes (2020)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Levy, A. R., Meir, R., Sanctuary, C., Jones, L., Baghurst, T., …Perry, J. L. (in press). The Susceptibles, Chancers, Pragmatists, and Fair Players: An examination of the Sport Drug Control Model for Adolescent Athletes, cluster effects, and norm values among adolescent athletes. Frontiers in Psychology, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01564

Although there are few high-profile cases of adolescent athletes being caught doping, up to a third of young athletes may dope. In order to generate a more accurate understanding of why adolescent athletes dope, it is important to validate models tha... Read More about The Susceptibles, Chancers, Pragmatists, and Fair Players: An examination of the Sport Drug Control Model for Adolescent Athletes, cluster effects, and norm values among adolescent athletes.

The Effects of the iPlayClean Education Programme on Doping Attitudes and Susceptibility to use Banned Substances among High-Level Adolescent Athletes from the UK: A Cluster-Randomised Control Trial (2020)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A., Morley, D., Thompson, M. A., Huang, C., Abt, G., Rothwell, M., …Ntoumanis, N. (in press). The Effects of the iPlayClean Education Programme on Doping Attitudes and Susceptibility to use Banned Substances among High-Level Adolescent Athletes from the UK: A Cluster-Randomised Control Trial. International Journal of Drug Policy,

Background: This study examined the effects of the iPlayClean anti-doping intervention on attitudes towards doping and susceptibility, and whether delivery mode affected the results. Methods: A total of 1,081 high-level UK athletes (14-18 years old... Read More about The Effects of the iPlayClean Education Programme on Doping Attitudes and Susceptibility to use Banned Substances among High-Level Adolescent Athletes from the UK: A Cluster-Randomised Control Trial.

The relative contribution of training intensity and duration to daily measures of training load in professional rugby league and union (2020)
Journal Article
Weaving, D., Dalton-Barron, N., McLaren, S., Scantlebury, S., Cummins, C., Roe, G., …Abt, G. (in press). The relative contribution of training intensity and duration to daily measures of training load in professional rugby league and union. Journal of sports sciences, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2020.1754725

This study examined the relative contribution of exercise duration and intensity to team-sport athlete’s training load. Male, professional rugby league (n = 10) and union (n = 22) players were monitored over 6- and 52-week training periods, respectiv... Read More about The relative contribution of training intensity and duration to daily measures of training load in professional rugby league and union.

The Effect of Dry Needling on Lower Limb Dysfunction in Post-Stroke Survivors (2020)
Journal Article
Ghannadi, S., Shariat, A., Ansari, N., Tavakol, Z., Honarpishe, R., Hakakzadeh, A., …Ingle, L. (2020). The Effect of Dry Needling on Lower Limb Dysfunction in Post-Stroke Survivors. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 29(6), https://doi.org/10.1016...rebrovasdis.2020.104814

Background: Spasticity is one of the main complications in post-stroke survivors leading to difficulties in walking and standing resulting in high levels of disability. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of deep dry need... Read More about The Effect of Dry Needling on Lower Limb Dysfunction in Post-Stroke Survivors.

Stress Appraisals Influence Athletic Performance and Psychophysiological Response during 16.1km Cycling Time Trials (2020)
Journal Article
Thompson, M. A., Toner, J., Perry, J. L., Burke, R., & Nicholls, A. (2020). Stress Appraisals Influence Athletic Performance and Psychophysiological Response during 16.1km Cycling Time Trials. Psychology of sport and exercise, 49(July), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101682

Objectives: We examined how stress appraisals were associated with emotions, coping behaviours, as well as subjective and objective measures of performance. Design: Prospective field- and laboratory-based studies. Methods: In Study 1, 192 athletes... Read More about Stress Appraisals Influence Athletic Performance and Psychophysiological Response during 16.1km Cycling Time Trials.

Validation of a Wearable Accelerometer-Based Activity Monitor for Use in Future Osteoporosis Prevention Programs (2020)
Journal Article
Sánchez-Trigo, H., Sanchez-Oliver, A., Abt, G., & Sañudo, B. (2020). Validation of a Wearable Accelerometer-Based Activity Monitor for Use in Future Osteoporosis Prevention Programs. Sustainability, 12(6), https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062187

Osteoporosis is considered a major public health problem worldwide. In order to develop effective physical exercise protocols for the prevention of osteoporosis and ensure skeletal integrity, the intensity of the exercise must be quantified objective... Read More about Validation of a Wearable Accelerometer-Based Activity Monitor for Use in Future Osteoporosis Prevention Programs.

A 12-month continuous and intermittent high-impact exercise intervention and its effects on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women: a feasibility randomised controlled trial (2020)
Journal Article
Montgomery, G. . J. H., Abt, G., Dobson, C. A., Evans, W. J., Aye, M., & Ditroilo, M. (in press). A 12-month continuous and intermittent high-impact exercise intervention and its effects on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women: a feasibility randomised controlled trial. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10412-2

BACKGROUND: Intermittent mechanical loading generates greater bone adaptations than continuous mechanical loading in rodents but has never been evaluated in humans. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a continuous and intermittent counter... Read More about A 12-month continuous and intermittent high-impact exercise intervention and its effects on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women: a feasibility randomised controlled trial.

Coping tendencies and changes in athlete burnout over time (2020)
Journal Article
Madigan, D. . J., Rumbold, J. L., Gerber, M., & Nicholls, A. R. (2020). Coping tendencies and changes in athlete burnout over time. Psychology of sport and exercise, 48, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101666

Burnout can lead to numerous negative outcomes for athletes. While we know a reasonable amount about how athlete burnout develops over time, we know comparably less about the role of coping in this process. The present study aimed to help address thi... Read More about Coping tendencies and changes in athlete burnout over time.

Routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation does not increase aerobic fitness: A CARE CR study (2020)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., Taylor, C., Goodman, T., Page, R., Kallvikbacka-Bennett, A., Nation, F., …Ingle, L. (2020). Routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation does not increase aerobic fitness: A CARE CR study. International journal of cardiology, 305, 25-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2020.01.044

© 2020 The Authors Background: Recent evidence suggests that routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) may not lead to a substantial increase in estimated peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak). This could reduce the potential benefits of CR and expl... Read More about Routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation does not increase aerobic fitness: A CARE CR study.

Sudden cardiac death in athletes: A mini-review (2020)
Journal Article
Soori, R., Gharehlo, A., Hashemi, N., Hashemi, N., & Ingle, L. (in press). Sudden cardiac death in athletes: A mini-review. World Heart Journal,

Elite young athletes with clinically silent cardiovascular disorders are at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in competitive sports activity. SCD is caused by a variety of conditions; in middle-aged/senior athletes, atherosclerotic coronary artery d... Read More about Sudden cardiac death in athletes: A mini-review.

Test–retest repeatability of the NX-16: a three-dimensional (3D) body scanner in a male cohort (2019)
Journal Article
Gleadall-Siddall, D. O., Turpin, R., Douglas, C., Ingle, L., & Garrett, A. T. (in press). Test–retest repeatability of the NX-16: a three-dimensional (3D) body scanner in a male cohort. Sport Sciences for Health, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-019-00611-8

Purpose: Whole body three-dimensional scanning is a tool utilised for the collection of body girths, volume and surface area measurements. Few studies have investigated the validity and repeatability of this technology. The aim of the present study w... Read More about Test–retest repeatability of the NX-16: a three-dimensional (3D) body scanner in a male cohort.

Effectiveness of Short-Term Heat Acclimation on Intermittent Sprint Performance With Moderately Trained Females Controlling for Menstrual Cycle Phase (2019)
Journal Article
Garrett, A., Dodd, E., Biddlecombe, V., Gleadall-Siddall, D., Burke, R., Shaw, J., …Gritt, J. (2019). Effectiveness of Short-Term Heat Acclimation on Intermittent Sprint Performance With Moderately Trained Females Controlling for Menstrual Cycle Phase. Frontiers in Physiology, 10, https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.01458

Introduction: Investigate the effectiveness of short-term heat acclimation (STHA), over 5-days (permissive dehydration), on an intermittent sprint exercise protocol (HST) with females. Controlling for menstrual cycle phase. Material and methods: Te... Read More about Effectiveness of Short-Term Heat Acclimation on Intermittent Sprint Performance With Moderately Trained Females Controlling for Menstrual Cycle Phase.

Cheater, Cheater, Pumpkin Eater: The Dark Triad, Attitudes towards Doping, and Cheating Behavior among Athletes (2019)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. (in press). Cheater, Cheater, Pumpkin Eater: The Dark Triad, Attitudes towards Doping, and Cheating Behavior among Athletes. European journal of sport science : the official journal of the European College of Sport Science, https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2019.1694079

We examined the relationships between the Dark Triad personality traits (Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy), attitudes towards doping, and cheating behavior among athletes. One-hundred and sixty-four athletes completed a questionnaire tha... Read More about Cheater, Cheater, Pumpkin Eater: The Dark Triad, Attitudes towards Doping, and Cheating Behavior among Athletes.

Impaired heat shock protein 72 expression in women with polycystic ovary syndrome following a supervised exercise programme (2019)
Journal Article
Vince, R. V., Kirk, R. J., Aye, M. M., Atkin, S. L., & Madden, L. A. (in press). Impaired heat shock protein 72 expression in women with polycystic ovary syndrome following a supervised exercise programme. Cell Stress and Chaperones, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12192-019-01048-1

Induction of heat shock protein expression and the heat shock (stress) response are seen in exercise. This exercise-induced response is thought protective against cellular stress through the expression of heat shock proteins. The highly inducible hea... Read More about Impaired heat shock protein 72 expression in women with polycystic ovary syndrome following a supervised exercise programme.


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