University of Hull logo

Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Berry, D. M., & Garner, S. R. (2018). Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(7), 1637-1644. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1345961

Previous research has highlighted the wide individual variability in susceptibility to the false memories produced by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) procedure [Deese, J. (1959). On the prediction of occurrence of particular verbal intrusions in i... Read More

False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences (2017)
Journal Article
Howe, D., Anderson, R. J., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2017). False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences. Acta psychologica, 179, 14-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.07.002

Previous studies have found that false memories and false beliefs of childhood experiences can have attitudinal consequences. Previous studies have, however, focused exclusively on explicit attitude measures without exploring whether implicit attitud... Read More

Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes (2017)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & Dean, G. M. (2017). Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes. Consciousness and cognition, 49, 163-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2017.02.010

Two experiments used a dual task methodology to investigate the role of visual imagery and executive resources in the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories. In Experiment 1, dynamic visual noise led to a reduction in the number of specific... Read More

Investigating the influence of music training on verbal memory (2017)
Journal Article
Taylor, A. C., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2017). Investigating the influence of music training on verbal memory. Psychology of music, 45(6), 814-820. https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735617690246

Previous research has shown that musical training is associated with enhanced verbal memory. The current study investigated the generality of this association by presenting undergraduates who had received musical training (n = 20) and undergraduates... Read More

Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding (2017)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Grace, L., & Boland, J. (2017). Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding. Journal of Memory and Language, 94, 291-304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2017.01.003

Previous research has shown that rating words for their relevance to a survival scenario leads to better retention of the words than rating them for self-reference. Past studies have, however, relied exclusively on an autobiographical self-reference... Read More

Phonological false memories in children and adults : evidence for a developmental reversal (2011)
Journal Article
Swannell, E. R., & Dewhurst, S. (2012). Phonological false memories in children and adults : evidence for a developmental reversal. Journal of Memory and Language, 66(2), (376-383). doi:10.1016/j.jml.2011.11.003. ISSN 0749-596X

False memories created by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) procedure typically show a developmental reversal whereby levels of false recall increase with age. In contrast, false memories produced by phonological lists have been shown to decrease as... Read More

Test-induced priming increases false recognition in older but not younger children. (2011)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Howe, M. L., Berry, D. M., & Knott, L. M. (2012). Test-induced priming increases false recognition in older but not younger children. Journal of experimental child psychology, 111(1), (101-107). doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2011.08.006. ISSN 0022-0965

The effect of test-induced priming on false recognition was investigated in children aged 5, 7, 9, and 11years using lists of semantic associates, category exemplars, and phonological associates. In line with effects previously observed in adults, ni... Read More

Convergent, but not divergent, thinking predicts susceptibility to associative memory illusions (2011)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Thorley, C., Hammond, E. R., & Ormerod, T. C. (2011). Convergent, but not divergent, thinking predicts susceptibility to associative memory illusions. Personality and individual differences, 51(1), (73-76). doi:10.1016/j.paid.2011.03.018. ISSN 0191-8869

The relationship between creativity and susceptibility to associative memory illusions in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott procedure was investigated using a multiple regression analysis. Susceptibility to false recognition was significantly predicted by... Read More

The development of automatic and controlled inhibitory retrieval processes in true and false recall (2011)
Journal Article
Knott, L. M., Howe, M. L., Wimmer, M. C., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2011). The development of automatic and controlled inhibitory retrieval processes in true and false recall. Journal of experimental child psychology, 109(1), (91-108). doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2011.01.001. ISSN 0022-0965

In three experiments, we investigated the role of automatic and controlled inhibitory retrieval processes in true and false memory development in children and adults. Experiment 1 incorporated a directed forgetting task to examine controlled retrieva... Read More

Investigating the encoding-retrieval match in recognition memory : effects of experimental design, specificity, and retention interval (2010)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., & Knott, L. M. (2010). Investigating the encoding-retrieval match in recognition memory : effects of experimental design, specificity, and retention interval. Memory & cognition, 38(8), (1101-1109). doi:10.3758/MC.38.8.1101. ISSN 0090-502X

Five experiments investigated the encoding retrieval match in recognition memory by manipulating read and generate conditions at study and at test. Experiments 1A and 1B confirmed previous findings that reinstating encoding operations at test enhance... Read More

Can false memories prime problem solutions? (2010)
Journal Article
Howe, M. L., Garner, S. R., Dewhurst, S. A., & Ball, L. J. (2010). Can false memories prime problem solutions?. Cognition, 117(2), (176-181). doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2010.08.009. ISSN 0010-0277

Previous research has suggested that false memories can prime performance on related implicit and explicit memory tasks. The present research examined whether false memories can also be used to prime higher order cognitive processes, namely, insight-... Read More

False and veridical collaborative recognition (2009)
Journal Article
Thorley, C., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2009). False and veridical collaborative recognition. Memory, 17(1), (17-25). doi:10.1080/09658210802484817. ISSN 0965-8211

Participants studied DRM words lists (Deese, 1959; Roediger McDermott, 1995) and then completed a recognition test individually or in a collaborative pair, trio, or quartet. The collaborative groups' responses were compared to those of equivalent siz... Read More

The roles of encoding and retrieval processes in associative and categorical memory illusions (2008)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Bould, E., Knott, L. M., & Thorley, C. (2009). The roles of encoding and retrieval processes in associative and categorical memory illusions. Journal of Memory and Language, 60(1), 154-164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2008.09.002

Four experiments investigated the origin of associative and categorical memory illusions by comparing the effects of study and test associations on Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) and categorized lists. Experiments 1 and 2 found that levels of false r... Read More

Tracking the R-to-K shift: Changes in memory awareness across repeated tests (2008)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Conway, M. A., & Brandt, K. R. (2009). Tracking the R-to-K shift: Changes in memory awareness across repeated tests. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23(6), 849-858. doi:10.1002/acp.1517

Participants studied lists of rare words and their definitions (e.g. the fleshy area at the base of the thumb = thenar). They were then given recognition tests in which they were shown the definitions and asked to identify the target from a choice of... Read More

Beyond the text: illusions of recollection caused by script-based inferences (2008)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Holmes, S. J., Swannell, E. R., & Barry, C. (2008). Beyond the text: illusions of recollection caused by script-based inferences. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 20(2), (367-386). doi:10.1080/09541440701482551. ISSN 0954-1446

Three experiments investigated memory distortions produced by scripts activated when hearing a story. In Experiment 1, participants heard a story with one of two alternative titles. At test, the words that were falsely recognised varied according to... Read More

The effect of glucose administration on the recollection and familiarity components of recognition memory (2007)
Journal Article
Sünram-Lea, S. I., Dewhurst, S. A., & Foster, J. K. (2008). The effect of glucose administration on the recollection and familiarity components of recognition memory. Biological Psychology, 77(1), (69-75). doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.09.006. ISSN 0301-0511

Previous research has demonstrated that glucose administration facilitates long-term memory performance. The aim of the present research was to evaluate the effect of glucose administration on different components of long-term recognition memory. Fif... Read More