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Global isolation by distance despite strong regional phylogeography in a small metazoan (2007)
Journal Article
Mills, S., Lunt, D. H., & Gómez, A. (2007). Global isolation by distance despite strong regional phylogeography in a small metazoan. BMC evolutionary biology, 7, doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-225. ISSN 1471-2148

Background: Small vagile eukaryotic organisms, which comprise a large proportion of the Earth's biodiversity, have traditionally been thought to lack the extent of population structuring and geographic speciation observed in larger taxa. Here we inve... Read More about Global isolation by distance despite strong regional phylogeography in a small metazoan.

Using long-term monitoring of fen hydrology and vegetation to underpin wetland restoration strategies (2007)
Journal Article
Large, A. R. G., Mayes, W. M., Newson, M. D., & Parkin, G. (2007). Using long-term monitoring of fen hydrology and vegetation to underpin wetland restoration strategies. Applied vegetation science : official organ of the International Association for Vegetation Science, 10(3), 417-428. doi:10.1111/j.1654-109X.2007.tb00441.x

Question: How can long-term monitoring of hydrological and ecological parameters support management strategies aimed towards wetland restoration and re-creation in a complex hydrological system? Location: Newham Bog National Nature Reserve, Northumbe... Read More about Using long-term monitoring of fen hydrology and vegetation to underpin wetland restoration strategies.

Understanding the establishment success of non-indigenous fishes: lessons from population genetics (2007)
Journal Article
Hänfling, B. (2007). Understanding the establishment success of non-indigenous fishes: lessons from population genetics. Journal of fish biology, 71(SUPPL. D), 115-135. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01685.x

During the last 10 years, an increasing number of studies have explored evolutionary aspects ofbiological invasions. It is becoming increasingly clear that evolutionary processes play animportant role during the establishment of non-native species. G... Read More about Understanding the establishment success of non-indigenous fishes: lessons from population genetics.

Subjecting cows to robots: farming technologies and the making of animal subjects (2007)
Journal Article
Holloway, L. (2007). Subjecting cows to robots: farming technologies and the making of animal subjects. Environment and planning. D, Society & space, 25(6), (1041-1060). doi:10.1068/d77j. ISSN 0263-7758

Recent representations of human-animal relationships in farming have tended to focus on human experience, and to essentialise animal subjectivity in granting them a centred subjectivity akin to that assumed to be possessed by humans. Instead, this pa... Read More about Subjecting cows to robots: farming technologies and the making of animal subjects.

Development of fish-based methods for the assessment of ecological status in English and Welsh rivers (2007)
Journal Article
Noble, R. A. A., Cowx, I. G., & Starkie, A. (2007). Development of fish-based methods for the assessment of ecological status in English and Welsh rivers. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 14(6), 495-508. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2400.2007.00574.x

This paper outlines the derivation of spatially-based models for fish-based assessment of the ecological status of rivers in England and Wales. The analysis highlights the key steps in the approach to develop such tools. For each step a number of alt... Read More about Development of fish-based methods for the assessment of ecological status in English and Welsh rivers.

Assessing the health of European rivers using functional ecological guilds of fish communities: standardising species classification and approaches to metric selection (2007)
Journal Article
Noble, R. A. A., Cowx, I. G., Goffaux, D., & Kestemont, P. (2007). Assessing the health of European rivers using functional ecological guilds of fish communities: standardising species classification and approaches to metric selection. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 14(6), 381-392. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2400.2007.00575.x

The functional ecological guild approach is the cornerstone for the development of Indices of Biotic Integrity and multi-metric indices to assess the ecological status of aquatic systems. These indices combine metrics (unit-specific measures of a fun... Read More about Assessing the health of European rivers using functional ecological guilds of fish communities: standardising species classification and approaches to metric selection.

An application of contingent valuation and decision tree analysis to water quality improvements (2007)
Journal Article
Atkins, J. P., Burdon, D., & Allen, J. H. (2007). An application of contingent valuation and decision tree analysis to water quality improvements. Marine pollution bulletin, 55(10-12), 591-602. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2007.09.018

This paper applies contingent valuation and decision tree analysis to investigate public preferences for water quality improvements, and in particular reduced eutrophication. Such preferences are important given that the development of EU water quali... Read More about An application of contingent valuation and decision tree analysis to water quality improvements.

The effects of livestock grazing on foliar arthropods associated with bird diet in upland grasslands of Scotland (2007)
Journal Article
Dennis, P., Skartveit, J., McCracken, D. I., Pakeman, R. J., Beaton, K., Kunaver, A., & Evans, D. M. (2008). The effects of livestock grazing on foliar arthropods associated with bird diet in upland grasslands of Scotland. The journal of applied ecology, 45(1), 279-287. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01378.x

1. Upland biotopes have conservation importance for their typical plant and animal species. Recently, the condition of upland habitats has deteriorated with associated declines in many upland birds. Grazing by increased densities of sheep has been im... Read More about The effects of livestock grazing on foliar arthropods associated with bird diet in upland grasslands of Scotland.

Physical and biological development of a newly breached managed realignment site, Humber estuary, UK (2007)
Journal Article
Mazik, K., Smith, J. E., Leighton, A., & Elliott, M. (2007). Physical and biological development of a newly breached managed realignment site, Humber estuary, UK. Marine pollution bulletin, 55(10-12), 564-578. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2007.09.017

As part of the Humber flood defence upgrade works (Urgent works) undertaken by the Environment Agency, the Paull Holme Strays site was identified as one of twelve potential managed realignment sites within the Humber catchment. The site was breached... Read More about Physical and biological development of a newly breached managed realignment site, Humber estuary, UK.

Habitat primary production and the evolution of body size within the hartebeest clade (2007)
Journal Article
Capellini, I., & Gosling, L. M. (2007). Habitat primary production and the evolution of body size within the hartebeest clade. Biological journal of the Linnean Society, 92(3), 431-440. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2007.00883.x

Local adaptation is a key process in the evolution of biological diversity but relatively few studies have identified the selective forces that drive trait divergence at low taxonomic levels, particularly amongst mammals. Variation in body size acros... Read More about Habitat primary production and the evolution of body size within the hartebeest clade.

The influence of exogenous tissue factor on the regulators of proliferation and apoptosis in endothelial cells (2007)
Journal Article
Pradier, A., & Ettelaie, C. (2007). The influence of exogenous tissue factor on the regulators of proliferation and apoptosis in endothelial cells. Journal of vascular research, 45(1), 19-32. doi:10.1159/000109074

Background: The exposure of tissue factor (TF) at the site of injury or trauma is a rapid process that leads to the initiation of blood coagulation as well as homeostatic processes giving rise to vascular repair. Aims and Methods: By exposing human e... Read More about The influence of exogenous tissue factor on the regulators of proliferation and apoptosis in endothelial cells.

Condition assessment of lamprey populations in the Yorkshire Ouse catchment, north-east England, and the potential influence of physical migration barriers (2007)
Journal Article
Nunn, A. D., Harvey, J. P., Noble, R. A. A., & Cowx, I. G. (2008). Condition assessment of lamprey populations in the Yorkshire Ouse catchment, north-east England, and the potential influence of physical migration barriers. Aquatic conservation : marine and freshwater ecosystems, 18(2), 175-189. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.863

1. River lamprey (Lampetra fluviatilis) and sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) are designated features of the River Derwent Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and the Humber Estuary (a possible SAC). This study determined the condition of lamprey popul... Read More about Condition assessment of lamprey populations in the Yorkshire Ouse catchment, north-east England, and the potential influence of physical migration barriers.

Genetic structure of European sheep breeds. (2007)
Journal Article
Lawson Handley, L. J., Byrne, K., Santucci, F., Townsend, S., Taylor, M., Bruford, M. W., & Hewitt, G. M. (2007). Genetic structure of European sheep breeds. Heredity, 99(6), (620-631). doi:10.1038/sj.hdy.6801039. ISSN 0018-067X

Large-scale evaluations of genetic diversity in domestic livestock populations are necessary so that region-specific conservation measures can be implemented. We performed the first such survey in European sheep by analysing 820 individuals from 29 g... Read More about Genetic structure of European sheep breeds..

A cost of leadership in human groups (2007)
Journal Article
Piyapong, C., Morrell, L. J., Croft, D. P., Dyer, J. R. G., Ioannou, C. C., & Krause, J. (2007). A cost of leadership in human groups. Ethology, 113(9), (821-824). doi:10.1111/j.1439-0310.2007.01382.x. ISSN 0179-1613

Group living is the result of a dynamic trade-off between associated costs and benefits. However, these costs and benefits are not necessarily distributed equally across different spatial positions of groups which may result in different fitness retu... Read More about A cost of leadership in human groups.

Going the distance: human population genetics in a clinal world (2007)
Journal Article
Lawson Handley, L. J., Manica, A., Goudet, J., & Balloux, F. (2007). Going the distance: human population genetics in a clinal world. Trends in Genetics, 23(9), (432-439). doi:10.1016/j.tig.2007.07.002. ISSN 0168-9525

Global human genetic variation is greatly influenced by geography, with genetic differentiation between populations increasing with geographic distance and within-population diversity decreasing with distance from Africa. In fact, these ’clines’ can... Read More about Going the distance: human population genetics in a clinal world.

Are polyelectrolyte dendrimers stimuli responsive? (2007)
Journal Article
Giupponi, G., Buzza, D. M. A., & Adolf, D. B. (2007). Are polyelectrolyte dendrimers stimuli responsive?. Macromolecules, 40(16), 5959-5965. doi:10.1021/ma070609l

Using a molecular dynamics and mean field theory approach which explicitly accounts for free ions, we study the conformation of polyelectrolyte dendrimers for different generation numbers, spacer lengths, charge distributions and ionic strengths. We... Read More about Are polyelectrolyte dendrimers stimuli responsive?.

Diet, familiarity and shoaling decisions in guppies (2007)
Journal Article
Morrell, L. J., Hunt, K. L., Croft, D. P., & Krause, J. (2007). Diet, familiarity and shoaling decisions in guppies. Animal behaviour, 74(2), (311-319). doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2006.10.021. ISSN 0003-3472

Animals are known to derive benefits from associating with familiar individuals, and familiarity is important in the structuring of animal groups. In fish, individuals are known to shoal preferentially with others they have previously spent time with... Read More about Diet, familiarity and shoaling decisions in guppies.

Fish, climate and the Gulf Stream: the influence of abiotic factors on the recruitment success of cyprinid fishes in lowland rivers (2007)
Journal Article
Nunn, A. D., Harvey, J. P., Britton, J. R., Frear, P. A., & Cowx, I. G. (2007). Fish, climate and the Gulf Stream: the influence of abiotic factors on the recruitment success of cyprinid fishes in lowland rivers. Freshwater biology, 52(8), 1576-1586. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2007.01789.x

1. Climatic effects are increasingly being recognised as an important factor causing inter-annual variability in organism abundances in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. This study investigated the relationships between water temperature (cumulativ... Read More about Fish, climate and the Gulf Stream: the influence of abiotic factors on the recruitment success of cyprinid fishes in lowland rivers.

To what extent are hepatic concentrations of heavy metals in Anguilla anguilla at a site in a contaminated estuary related to body size and age and reflected in the metallothionein concentrations? (2007)
Journal Article
Bird, D. J., Rotchell, J. M., Hesp, S. A., Newton, L. C., Hall, N. G., & Potter, I. C. (2008). To what extent are hepatic concentrations of heavy metals in Anguilla anguilla at a site in a contaminated estuary related to body size and age and reflected in the metallothionein concentrations?. Environmental pollution, 151(3), (641-651). doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2007.03.018. ISSN 0269-7491

We explored how hepatic [metal]s in Anguilla anguilla at a contaminated estuarine site are influenced by body size, age and season, and the extent that [Cu], [Cd] and [Zn]s are reflected in [metallothionein (MT)]s. Although each [metal] and [MT] incr... Read More about To what extent are hepatic concentrations of heavy metals in Anguilla anguilla at a site in a contaminated estuary related to body size and age and reflected in the metallothionein concentrations?.

Variations in the spawning periodicity of eight fish species in three English lowland rivers over a 6 year period, inferred from 0+year fish length distributions (2007)
Journal Article
Nunn, A. D., Harvey, J. P., & Cowx, I. G. (2007). Variations in the spawning periodicity of eight fish species in three English lowland rivers over a 6 year period, inferred from 0+year fish length distributions. Journal of fish biology, 70(4), 1254-1267. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01415.x

The spawning periodicity of eight fish species was investigated in three English lowland rivers over a 6 year period from patterns in 0+ year fish standard length (L-S) distributions. A single cohort of 0+ year dace Leuciscus leuciscus, roach Rutilus... Read More about Variations in the spawning periodicity of eight fish species in three English lowland rivers over a 6 year period, inferred from 0+year fish length distributions.