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The Neoarchaean Uyea Gneiss Complex, Shetland: an onshore fragment of the Rae Craton on the European Plate (2019)
Journal Article
Kinny, P., Strachan, R., Fowler, M., Clark, C., Davis, S., Jahn, I., …Dempsey, E. (2019). The Neoarchaean Uyea Gneiss Complex, Shetland: an onshore fragment of the Rae Craton on the European Plate. Journal of the Geological Society, https://doi.org/10.1144/jgs2019-017

A tract of amphibolite facies granitic gneisses and metagabbros in northern Shetland, U.K., is here named the Uyea Gneiss Complex. Zircon U–Pb dating indicates emplacement of the igneous protoliths of the complex c. 2746–2726 Ma, at a later time than... Read More

Natural fracture propping and earthquake-induced oil migration in fractured basement reservoirs (2019)
Journal Article
Holdsworth, R. E., McCaffrey, K. J. W., Dempsey, E., Roberts, N. M. W., Hardman, K., Morton, A., …Robertson, A. (in press). Natural fracture propping and earthquake-induced oil migration in fractured basement reservoirs. Geology,

The geological processes that create fluid storage capacity and connectivity in global fractured basement reservoirs are poorly understood compared to conventional hydrocarbon plays. Hosting potentially multi-billion barrels of oil, the upfaulted P... Read More

Ammonium ocean following the end-Permian mass extinction (2019)
Journal Article
Sun, Y. D., Zulla, M. J., Joachimski, M. M., Bond, D. P. G., Wignall, P. B., Zhang, Z. T., & Zhang, M. H. (in press). Ammonium ocean following the end-Permian mass extinction. Earth and planetary science letters,

The aftermath of end-Permian mass extinction was marked by a ~5 million year interval of poorly-understood, extreme environments that likely hindered biotic recovery. Contemporary nitrogen isotope variations are considered, using a new conceptual mod... Read More

Pulses of enhanced continental weathering associated with multiple Late Devonian climate perturbations: Evidence from osmium-isotope compositions (2019)
Journal Article
Percival, L., Selby, D., Bond, D., Rakociński, M., Racki, G., Marynowski, L., …Föllmi, K. (2019). Pulses of enhanced continental weathering associated with multiple Late Devonian climate perturbations: Evidence from osmium-isotope compositions. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2019.03.036

Anomalously high rates of continental weathering have frequently been proposed as a key stimulus for the development of widespread marine anoxia during a number of Late Devonian environmental and biospheric crises, which included a major mass extinct... Read More

Mediterranean isolation preconditioning the Earth System for late Miocene climate cooling (2019)
Journal Article
Capella, W., Flecker, R., Hernández-Molina, F. J., Simon, D., Meijer, P. T., Rogerson, M., …Krijgsman, W. (in press). Mediterranean isolation preconditioning the Earth System for late Miocene climate cooling. Scientific reports, 9, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40208-2

A global Neogene cooling trend culminated ~7 million years ago with the onset of 10 Greenland glaciation. Increased ocean-atmosphere interaction and low-to high-latitude 11 circulation are thought to be key factors in reorganizing late Miocene global... Read More

Recovery of benthic communities following the Toarcian oceanic anoxic event in the Cleveland Basin, UK (2019)
Journal Article
Caswell, B. A., & Dawn, S. J. (2019). Recovery of benthic communities following the Toarcian oceanic anoxic event in the Cleveland Basin, UK. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology, 521, 114-126. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2019.02.014

During the Toarcian oceanic anoxic event (OAE) considerable environmental changes occurred that were associated with global warming, perturbations to the C-cycle and ocean deoxygenation which resulted in a mass extinction of marine fauna. Recovery of... Read More

Mercury chemostratigraphy across the Cambrian Series 2 – Series 3 boundary: evidence for increased volcanic activity coincident with extinction? (2019)
Journal Article
Faggetter, L., Wignall, P., Pruss, S., Jones, D., Grasby, S., Widdowson, M., & Newton, R. (2019). Mercury chemostratigraphy across the Cambrian Series 2 – Series 3 boundary: evidence for increased volcanic activity coincident with extinction?. Chemical Geology, 510, 188-199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2019.02.006

Flood basalt volcanism represented by the Kalkarindji Province(Australia) is temporally associated with a trilobite mass extinction at the Cambrian Series 2 – Series 3 boundary, providing one of the oldest potential links between volcanism and biotic... Read More

Handheld portable FTIR spectroscopy for the triage of micro and meso sized plastics in the marine environment incorporating an accelerated weathering study and an aging estimation (2019)
Journal Article
McCumskay, R., Tang, P. L., Mckumskay, R., Rogerson, M., Waller, C., & Forster, R. (2019). Handheld portable FTIR spectroscopy for the triage of micro and meso sized plastics in the marine environment incorporating an accelerated weathering study and an aging estimation. Spectroscopy, 34(2), 54-60

Debris in the marine environment can be either natural, such as floating vegetation or volcanic ash deposits, or man-made. The man-made human sources cover the whole gamut of material types, from sewage, glass, mineral, fabric and, of increasing conc... Read More

A window into Africa's past hydroclimates: the 2 SISAL_v1 database contribution 3 (2019)
Journal Article
Braun, K., Nehme, C., Pickering, R., Rogerson, M., & Scroxton, N. (2019). A window into Africa's past hydroclimates: the 2 SISAL_v1 database contribution 3. Quaternary, 2(1), https://doi.org/10.3390/quat2010004

Africa spans the hemispheres from temperate region to temperate region and has a long history of hominin evolution. Although the number of Quaternary palaeoclimatic records from the continent is increasing, much of the history of spatial and temporal... Read More

Evidence for basement reactivation during the opening of the Labrador Sea from the Makkovik Province, Labrador, Canada: Insights from field data and numerical models (2018)
Journal Article
Peace, A. L., Dempsey, E. D., Schiffer, C., Welford, J., Mccaffrey, K. J., Imber, J., & Phethean, J. J. (2018). Evidence for basement reactivation during the opening of the Labrador Sea from the Makkovik Province, Labrador, Canada: Insights from field data and numerical models. Geosciences, 8(8), 308. doi:10.3390/geosciences8080308

The onshore exposures adjacent to modern, offshore passive continental margins may preserve evidence of deformation from the pre‐, syn‐, and post‐rift phases of continental breakup that allow us to investigate the processes associated with and contro... Read More

Investigation of variable aeration of monodisperse mixtures: implications for pyroclastic density currents (2018)
Journal Article
Smith, G. M., Williams, R., Rowley, P., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Investigation of variable aeration of monodisperse mixtures: implications for pyroclastic density currents. Bulletin of volcanology, 80(8), doi:10.1007/s00445-018-1241-1

The high mobility of dense pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) is commonly attributed to high gas pore pressures. However, the influence of spatial and temporal variations in pore pressure within PDCs has yet to be investigated. Theory suggests that... Read More

A microbial role in the construction of Mono Lake carbonate chimneys? (2018)
Journal Article
Brasier, A., Wacey, D., Rogerson, M., Guagliardo, P., Saunders, M., Kellner, S., …Reijmer, J. (2018). A microbial role in the construction of Mono Lake carbonate chimneys?. Geobiology, 16(5), 540-555. doi:10.1111/gbi.12292

Lacustrine carbonate chimneys are striking, metre‐scale constructions. If these were bioinfluenced constructions, they could be priority targets in the search for early and extraterrestrial microbial life. However, there are questions over whether su... Read More

Fracture and damage localization in volcanic edifice rocks from El Hierro, Stromboli and Tenerife (2018)
Journal Article
Harnett, C. E., Benson, P. M., Rowley, P., & Fazio, M. (2018). Fracture and damage localization in volcanic edifice rocks from El Hierro, Stromboli and Tenerife. Scientific reports, 8(1), doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20442-w

We present elastic wave velocity and strength data from a suite of three volcanic rocks taken from the volcanic edifices of El Hierro and Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain), and Stromboli (Aeolian Islands, Italy). These rocks span a range of porosity a... Read More

Hydration of dicalcium silicate and diffusion through neo-formed calcium-silicate-hydrates at weathered surfaces control the long-term leaching behaviour of basic oxygen furnace (BOF) steelmaking slag (2018)
Journal Article
Stewart, D. I., Bray, A. W., Udoma, G., Hobson, A. J., Mayes, W. M., Rogerson, M., & Burke, I. T. (2018). Hydration of dicalcium silicate and diffusion through neo-formed calcium-silicate-hydrates at weathered surfaces control the long-term leaching behaviour of basic oxygen furnace (BOF) steelmaking slag. Environmental science and pollution research international, 25(10), 9861-9872. doi:10.1007/s11356-018-1260-7

© 2018 The Author(s) Alkalinity generation and toxic trace metal (such as vanadium) leaching from basic oxygen furnace (BOF) steel slag particles must be properly understood and managed by pre-conditioning if beneficial reuse of slag is to be maximis... Read More

Non-Hawaiian lithostratigraphy of Louisville seamounts and the formation of high-latitude oceanic islands and guyots (2018)
Journal Article
Buchs, D. M., Williams, R., Sano, S., & Wright, V. P. (2018). Non-Hawaiian lithostratigraphy of Louisville seamounts and the formation of high-latitude oceanic islands and guyots. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 356, 1-23. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.12.019

Guyots are large seamounts with a flat summit that is generally believed to form due to constructional biogenic and/or erosional processes during the formation of volcanic islands. However, despite their large abundance in the oceans, there are still... Read More

A General Model for the Helical Structure of Geophysical Flows in Channel Bends (2017)
Journal Article
Azpiroz-Zabala, M., Cartigny, M. J. B., Sumner, E. J., Clare, M. A., Talling, P. J., Parsons, D. R., & Cooper, C. (2017). A General Model for the Helical Structure of Geophysical Flows in Channel Bends. Geophysical research letters, 44(23), (11,932-11,941). doi:10.1002/2017gl075721. ISSN 0094-8276

Meandering channels formed by geophysical flows (e.g., rivers and seafloor turbidity currents) include the most extensive sediment transport systems on Earth. Previous measurements from rivers show how helical flow at meander bends plays a key role i... Read More

Explosive eruptive history of Pantelleria, Italy : repeated caldera collapse and ignimbrite emplacement at a peralkaline volcano (2017)
Journal Article
Jordan, N., Rotolo, S., Williams, R., Speranza, F., McIntosh, W., Branney, M. J., & Scaillet, S. (2017). Explosive eruptive history of Pantelleria, Italy : repeated caldera collapse and ignimbrite emplacement at a peralkaline volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 349, 47-73. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.09.013

A new, pre-Green Tuff (46 ka) volcanic stratigraphy is presented for the peralkaline Pantelleria Volcano, Italy. New ⁴⁰Ar/³⁹Ar and paleomagnetic data are combined with detailed field studies to develop a comprehensive stratigraphic reconstruction of... Read More

A depositional model for spherulitic carbonates associated with alkaline, volcanic lakes (2017)
Journal Article
Mercedes-Martín, R., Brasier, A. T., Rogerson, M., Reijmer, J. J., Vonhof, H., & Pedley, M. (2017). A depositional model for spherulitic carbonates associated with alkaline, volcanic lakes. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 86, (168-191). doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2017.05.032. ISSN 0264-8172

The South Atlantic Aptian ‘Pre-salt’ reservoirs are formed by a combination of spherulitic carbonates and Mg-rich clays accumulated in volcanic alkaline lake settings with exotic chemistries. So far, outcrop analogues characterised by metre-thick suc... Read More

Are spherulitic lacustrine carbonates an expression of large-scale mineral carbonation? A case study from the East Kirkton Limestone, Scotland (2017)
Journal Article
Rogerson, M., Mercedes Martín, R., Brasier, A. T., McGill, R. A. R., Prior, T. J., Vonhof, H., …Pedley, H. M. (2017). Are spherulitic lacustrine carbonates an expression of large-scale mineral carbonation? A case study from the East Kirkton Limestone, Scotland. Gondwana Research, 48, (101-109). doi:10.1016/j.gr.2017.04.007. ISSN 1342-937X

Lacustrine carbonate deposits with spherulitic facies are poorly understood, but are key to understanding the economically important “Pre-Salt” Mesozoic strata of the South Atlantic. A major barrier to research into these unique and spectacular facie... Read More