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3D local atomic structure evolution in a solidifying Al-0.4Sc dilute alloy melt revealed in operando by synchrotron X-ray total scattering and modelling (2022)
Journal Article
Huang, S., Luo, S., Qin, L., Shu, D., Sun, B., Lunt, A. J. G., …Mi, J. (2022). 3D local atomic structure evolution in a solidifying Al-0.4Sc dilute alloy melt revealed in operando by synchrotron X-ray total scattering and modelling. Scripta materialia, 211, Article 114484. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2021.114484

Using synchrotron X-ray total scattering and empirical potential structure refinement modelling, we studied systematically in operando condition the disorder-to-order local atomic structure transition in a pure Al and a dilute Al-0.4Sc alloy melt in... Read More about 3D local atomic structure evolution in a solidifying Al-0.4Sc dilute alloy melt revealed in operando by synchrotron X-ray total scattering and modelling.

The correlation between X-ray scattering structure factor and shear bands density of a metallic glass and a composite (2021)
Journal Article
Zhang, C., Lee, T. L., Khong, J. C., Qiao, J. C., Daisenberger, D., Yao, Y., & Mi, J. (2021). The correlation between X-ray scattering structure factor and shear bands density of a metallic glass and a composite. Materials letters, 304, Article 130727. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2021.130727

The tensile fractured surfaces of ZrTi-based bulk metallic glass and composite samples were studied using synchrotron X-ray total scattering. The scanned areas contain different shear bands densities. The shear bands create localized atomic strains,... Read More about The correlation between X-ray scattering structure factor and shear bands density of a metallic glass and a composite.

Review of Cryogenic Carbon Capture Innovations and Their Potential Applications (2021)
Journal Article
Font-Palma, C., Cann, D., & Udemu, C. (2021). Review of Cryogenic Carbon Capture Innovations and Their Potential Applications. C - An Open Access Journal of Carbon Research, 7(3), Article 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/c7030058

Our ever-increasing interest in economic growth is leading the way to the decline of natural resources, the detriment of air quality, and is fostering climate change. One potential solution to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from industrial emitters... Read More about Review of Cryogenic Carbon Capture Innovations and Their Potential Applications.

A comprehensive review on the application of nanofluid in heat pipe based on the machine learning: Theory, application and prediction (2021)
Journal Article
Wang, X., Luo, L., Xiang, J., Zheng, S., Shittu, S., Wang, Z., & Zhao, X. (2021). A comprehensive review on the application of nanofluid in heat pipe based on the machine learning: Theory, application and prediction. Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, 150, Article 111434. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2021.111434

This paper introduces three paramount factors i.e. viscosity, thermal conductivity and stability that affect the application of mono and hybrid nanofluids in heat pipes. The applications of nanofluids in various types of heat pipes are reviewed and t... Read More about A comprehensive review on the application of nanofluid in heat pipe based on the machine learning: Theory, application and prediction.

New insights into sono-exfoliation mechanisms of graphite: In situ high-speed imaging studies and acoustic measurements (2021)
Journal Article
Morton, J. A., Khavari, M., Qin, L., Maciejewska, B. M., Tyurnina, A. V., Grobert, N., …Tzanakis, I. (2021). New insights into sono-exfoliation mechanisms of graphite: In situ high-speed imaging studies and acoustic measurements. Materials Today, 49, 10-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mattod.2021.05.005

The application of ultrasound and acoustic cavitation in liquid exfoliation of bulk layered materials is a widely used method. However, despite extensive research, the fundamental mechanisms remain far from being fully understood. A number of theorie... Read More about New insights into sono-exfoliation mechanisms of graphite: In situ high-speed imaging studies and acoustic measurements.

Computational biomechanical modelling of the rabbit cranium during mastication (2021)
Journal Article
Watson, P. J., Sharp, A. C., Choudhary, T., Fagan, M. J., Dutel, H., Evans, S. E., & Gröning, F. (2021). Computational biomechanical modelling of the rabbit cranium during mastication. Scientific reports, 11(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-92558-5

Although a functional relationship between bone structure and mastication has been shown in some regions of the rabbit skull, the biomechanics of the whole cranium during mastication have yet to be fully explored. In terms of cranial biomechanics, th... Read More about Computational biomechanical modelling of the rabbit cranium during mastication.

Regional patterning in tail vertebral form and function in chameleons (Chamaeleo calyptratus) (2021)
Journal Article
Luger, A. M., Watson, P. J., Dutel, H., Fagan, M. J., Van Hoorebeke, L., Herrel, A., & Adriaens, D. (2021). Regional patterning in tail vertebral form and function in chameleons (Chamaeleo calyptratus). Integrative and Comparative Biology, 61(2), 455-463. https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/icab125

Previous studies have focused on documenting shape variation in the caudal vertebrae in chameleons underlying prehensile tail function. The goal of this study was to test the impact of this variation on tail function using multibody dynamic analysis... Read More about Regional patterning in tail vertebral form and function in chameleons (Chamaeleo calyptratus).

A porous media model for the numerical simulation of acoustic attenuation by perforated liners in the presence of grazing flows (2021)
Journal Article
Wang, J., Rubini, P., & Qin, Q. (2021). A porous media model for the numerical simulation of acoustic attenuation by perforated liners in the presence of grazing flows. Applied Sciences, 11(10), Article 4677. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11104677

In this paper, a novel model is proposed for the numerical simulation of noise-attenuating perforated liners. Effusion cooling liners offer the potential of being able to attenuate combustion instabilities in gas turbine engines. However, the acousti... Read More about A porous media model for the numerical simulation of acoustic attenuation by perforated liners in the presence of grazing flows.

Scientific and technological progress and future perspectives of the solar assisted heat pump (SAHP) system (2021)
Journal Article
Fan, Y., Zhao, X., Han, Z., Li, J., Badiei, A., Akhlaghi, Y. G., & Liu, Z. (2021). Scientific and technological progress and future perspectives of the solar assisted heat pump (SAHP) system. Energy, 229, Article 120719. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2021.120719

Among all available solar technologies, solar-assisted heat pump (SAHP) is the most popular technology for low- and medium-temperature applications, i.e., drying, space heating, and water heating. This paper presents a critical review of the SAHP, le... Read More about Scientific and technological progress and future perspectives of the solar assisted heat pump (SAHP) system.

Advanced big-data/machine-learning techniques for optimization and performance enhancement of the heat pipe technology – A review and prospective study (2021)
Journal Article
Wang, Z., Zhao, X., Han, Z., Luo, L., Xiang, J., Zheng, S., …Hu, M. (2021). Advanced big-data/machine-learning techniques for optimization and performance enhancement of the heat pipe technology – A review and prospective study. Applied energy, 294, Article 116969. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.116969

A heat pipe (HP) is a passive heat transfer device able to transmit heat a few meters or several hundred meters away from the heat source without use of external energy. This paper presents a critical review of the HP technologies. It is found that t... Read More about Advanced big-data/machine-learning techniques for optimization and performance enhancement of the heat pipe technology – A review and prospective study.

Detection of the pesticide dodine using a cucurbit[10]uril-based fluorescent probe (2021)
Journal Article
Lian, C., Xu, W., Luo, Y., Zhu, X., Fan, Y., Redshaw, C., …Xiao, X. (2021). Detection of the pesticide dodine using a cucurbit[10]uril-based fluorescent probe. Microchemical journal, 167, Article 106309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2021.106309

In this contribution, a new fluorescent probe is presented which is capable of the selective recognition and determination of dodine (DD) from amongst 14 different pesticides. The system utilizes a simple guest-replacement mechanism, which allows for... Read More about Detection of the pesticide dodine using a cucurbit[10]uril-based fluorescent probe.

Synchrotron X-ray imaging and ultrafast tomography in situ study of the fragmentation and growth dynamics of dendritic microstructures in solidification under ultrasound (2021)
Journal Article
Zhang, Z., Wang, C., Koe, B., Schlepütz, C. M., Irvine, S., & Mi, J. (2021). Synchrotron X-ray imaging and ultrafast tomography in situ study of the fragmentation and growth dynamics of dendritic microstructures in solidification under ultrasound. Acta Materialia, 209, Article 116796. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2021.116796

High speed synchrotron X-ray imaging and ultrafast tomography were used to study in situ and in real time the fragmentation and growth dynamics of dendritic microstructures of an Al-15%Cu alloy in solidification under ultrasound. An ultrasound of 30... Read More about Synchrotron X-ray imaging and ultrafast tomography in situ study of the fragmentation and growth dynamics of dendritic microstructures in solidification under ultrasound.

Experimental analysis of CO2 frost front behaviour in moving packed beds for cryogenic CO2 capture (2021)
Journal Article
Cann, D., Font-Palma, C., & Willson, P. (2021). Experimental analysis of CO2 frost front behaviour in moving packed beds for cryogenic CO2 capture. International journal of greenhouse gas control, 107, Article 103291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2021.103291

In this work, the feasibility of a novel method of cryogenic carbon capture based on carbon dioxide frost deposition onto a cold moving bed is explored. As a gas mixture including CO2 flows through a sufficiently cold packed bed, CO2 is deposited ont... Read More about Experimental analysis of CO2 frost front behaviour in moving packed beds for cryogenic CO2 capture.

Techno‐environmental analysis of the use of green hydrogen for cogeneration from the gasification of wood and fuel cell (2021)
Journal Article
Font‐palma, C., Díaz-Herrera, P., Gonzalez-Diaz, M. O., Jiang, L., Sánchez Ladrón de Guevara, J. C., & Gonzalez-Diaz, A. (2021). Techno‐environmental analysis of the use of green hydrogen for cogeneration from the gasification of wood and fuel cell. Sustainability, 13(6), https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063232

This paper aims to evaluate the use of wood biomass in a gasifier integrated with a fuel cell system as a low carbon technology. Experimental information of the wood is provided by the literature. The syngas is purified by using pressure swing adsorp... Read More about Techno‐environmental analysis of the use of green hydrogen for cogeneration from the gasification of wood and fuel cell.

Comparative cranial biomechanics in two lizard species: impact of variation in cranial design (2021)
Journal Article
Groning, F., Dutel, H., Gröning, F., Sharp, A. C., Watson, P. J., Herrel, A., …Fagan, M. J. (2021). Comparative cranial biomechanics in two lizard species: impact of variation in cranial design. The journal of experimental biology, 224(5), Article jeb.234831. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.234831

Cranial morphology in lepidosaurs is highly disparate and characterised by the frequent loss or reduction of bony elements. In varanids and geckos, the loss of the postorbital bar is associated with changes in skull shape, but the mechanical principl... Read More about Comparative cranial biomechanics in two lizard species: impact of variation in cranial design.

Polymeric self-assembled cucurbit[n]urils: Synthesis, structures and applications (2021)
Journal Article
Yang, D., Liu, M., Xiao, X., Tao, Z., & Redshaw, C. (2021). Polymeric self-assembled cucurbit[n]urils: Synthesis, structures and applications. Coordination chemistry reviews, 434, Article 213733. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccr.2020.213733

In recent years, cucurbit[n]urils (CB[n] or Q[n]s) have attracted considerable attention on account of their unique structural and host–guest binding properties. In this review, we provide an overview of their self-assembly into polymeric species via... Read More about Polymeric self-assembled cucurbit[n]urils: Synthesis, structures and applications.

3D phase field modeling of multi-dendrites evolution in solidification and validation by synchrotron x-ray tomography (2021)
Journal Article
Wang, S., Guo, Z., Kang, J., Zou, M., Li, X., Zhang, A., …Mi, J. (2021). 3D phase field modeling of multi-dendrites evolution in solidification and validation by synchrotron x-ray tomography. Materials, 14(3), Article 520. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14030520

© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. In this paper, the dynamics of multi-dendrite concurrent growth and coarsening of an Al-15 wt.% Cu alloy was studied using a highly computationally efficient 3D phase field model and real-time... Read More about 3D phase field modeling of multi-dendrites evolution in solidification and validation by synchrotron x-ray tomography.

Design and analysis of a novel dual source vapor injection heat pump using exhaust and ambient air (2020)
Journal Article
Li, J., Fan, Y., Zhao, X., Bai, X., Zhou, J., Badiei, A., …Ma, X. (2021). Design and analysis of a novel dual source vapor injection heat pump using exhaust and ambient air. Energy and Built Environment, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbenv.2020.11.004

A novel dual source vapor injection heat pump (DSVIHP) using exhaust and ambient air is proposed. The air exhausted from the building first releases energy to the medium-pressure evaporator and is then mixed with the ambient air to heat the low-press... Read More about Design and analysis of a novel dual source vapor injection heat pump using exhaust and ambient air.

The biomechanical role of the chondrocranium and the material properties of cartilage (2020)
Journal Article
Jones, M. E. H., Gröning, F., Aspden, R. M., Dutel, H., Sharp, A., Moazen, M., …Evans, S. E. (2020). The biomechanical role of the chondrocranium and the material properties of cartilage. Vertebrate Zoology, 70(4), 699-715. https://doi.org/10.26049/VZ70-4-2020-10

The chondrocranium is the cartilage component of the vertebrate braincase. Among jawed vertebrates it varies greatly in structure, mineralisation, and in the extent to which it is replaced by bone during development. In mammals, birds, and some bony... Read More about The biomechanical role of the chondrocranium and the material properties of cartilage.

The status of hydrogen technologies in the UK: A multi-disciplinary review (2020)
Journal Article
Edwards, R. L., Font-Palma, C., & Howe, J. (2021). The status of hydrogen technologies in the UK: A multi-disciplinary review. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments an international journal, 43, Article 100901. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2020.100901

Hydrogen has the potential to offer deep decarbonisation across a range of global heavy-emitting sectors. To have an impact on the global energy system, hydrogen technologies must be deployed with greater urgency. This review article facilitates the... Read More about The status of hydrogen technologies in the UK: A multi-disciplinary review.