University of Hull logo

The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task (2019)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R., Howe, D., & Clough, P. J. (in press). The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task. Applied Cognitive Psychology, https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3570

Previous research by the authors (Dewhurst, Anderson. Cotter, Crust, & Clough, 2012) found that mental toughness, as measured by the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48 (MTQ48; Clough, Earle, & Sewell, 2002), was significantly associated with performan... Read More

Correction of Evident Falsehood Requires Explicit Negation (2019)
Journal Article
Weil, R., Schul, Y., & Mayo, R. (in press). Correction of Evident Falsehood Requires Explicit Negation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,

The danger of receiving false information is omnipresent, and people might be highly vigilant against being influenced by falsehoods. Yet, as research on misinformation reveals, people are often biased by false information, even when they know the va... Read More

Reasons to doubt the generalizability, reliability, and diagnosticity of fast mapping (FM) for rapid lexical integration (2019)
Journal Article
Gaskell, M. G., & Lindsay, S. (in press). Reasons to doubt the generalizability, reliability, and diagnosticity of fast mapping (FM) for rapid lexical integration. Cognitive neuroscience, 1-3. https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2019.1600487

The possibility of fast mapping (FM) promoting rapid lexical integration challenges complementary systems accounts of word learning. Here, we first question the diagnosticity of orthographic lexical competition prior to sleep as an indicator of lexic... Read More

Data reduction analyses of animal behaviour: avoiding Kaiser’s criterion and adopting more robust automated methods (2019)
Journal Article
Blake Morton, F., & Altschul, D. (2019). Data reduction analyses of animal behaviour: avoiding Kaiser’s criterion and adopting more robust automated methods. Animal behaviour, 149, 89-95. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2019.01.003

Data reduction analyses such as principal components and exploratory factor analyses identify relationships within a set of potentially correlated variables, and cluster correlated variables into a smaller overall quantity of groupings. Because of th... Read More

A computational implementation of a Hebbian learning network and its application to configural forms of acquired equivalence (2019)
Journal Article
Robinson, J., George, D., & Heinke, D. (in press). A computational implementation of a Hebbian learning network and its application to configural forms of acquired equivalence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition, https://doi.org/10.1037/xan0000203

We describe and report the results of computer simulations of the three-layer Hebbian network informally described by Honey, Close, and Lin (2010): A general account of discrimination that has been shaped by data from configural acquired equivalenc... Read More

Why would a special FM process exist in adults, when it does not appear to exist in children? (2019)
Journal Article
O’Connor, R. J., Lindsay, S., Mather, E., & Riggs, K. J. (in press). Why would a special FM process exist in adults, when it does not appear to exist in children?. Cognitive neuroscience, https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2019.1574260

Cooper Greve, and Henson (this issue)  caution restraint before accepting that a fast mapping (FM) process exists in adults. We welcome this, but would also add that the original rationale for studying FM in adults is not currently supported by devel... Read More

Failure to demonstrate short-cutting in a replication and extension of Tolman et al.’s spatial learning experiment with humans (2018)
Journal Article
Wilson, S. P., & Wilson, P. N. (2018). Failure to demonstrate short-cutting in a replication and extension of Tolman et al.’s spatial learning experiment with humans. PloS one, 13(12), e0208794. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0208794

Successful demonstrations of novel short-cut taking by animals, including humans, are open to interpretation in terms of learning that is not necessarily spatial. A classic example is that of Tolman, Ritchie, and Kalish (1946) who allowed rats to rep... Read More

Transcranial magnetic stimulation over contralateral primary somatosensory cortex disrupts perception of itch intensity (2018)
Journal Article
Jones, O., Jones, O., Schindler, I., Schindler, I., Holle, H., & Holle, H. (in press). Transcranial magnetic stimulation over contralateral primary somatosensory cortex disrupts perception of itch intensity. Experimental Dermatology, doi:10.1111/exd.13803

Itch, a complex unpleasant sensation causing the desire to scratch, results from the activity of a network of brain regions. However, the specific functional contributions of individual regions within this network remains poorly understood. We invest... Read More

Effects of short-term temperature change in the innocuous range on histaminergic and non-histaminergic acute itch (2018)
Journal Article
Lewis, Z., George, D. N., Cowdell, F., & Holle, H. (2019). Effects of short-term temperature change in the innocuous range on histaminergic and non-histaminergic acute itch. Acta dermato-venereologica, 99(2), 188-195. doi:10.2340/00015555-3077

While temperatures in the noxious range are well-known to inhibit acute itch, the impact of temperature in the innocuous temperature range is less well understood. We investigated the effect of alternating short-term temperature changes in the innocu... Read More

Putting false memories into context: The effects of odour contexts on correct and false recall (2018)
Journal Article
Woods, J. A., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2019). Putting false memories into context: The effects of odour contexts on correct and false recall. Memory, 27(3), 379-386. doi:10.1080/09658211.2018.1512632

False memories created by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm are often accompanied by contextual information. Yet, research investigating the effects of context on false memories is surprisingly scarce. We used the context-dependent memory (... Read More

Automatic visual-spatial perspective taking in alcohol-dependence: A study with happy emotional faces (2018)
Journal Article
Cox, S., Maurage, P., O'Connor, R., Chandler, C., & Riggs, K. (2018). Automatic visual-spatial perspective taking in alcohol-dependence: A study with happy emotional faces. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 190, 42-45. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.05.025

Background: Understanding the world from another’s perspective is an important and potentially automatic human process which is crucial for efficient social interactions. However, whilst deficits have been repeatedly described for various interperson... Read More

More evidence that less is better: Sub-optimal choice in dogs (2018)
Journal Article
Chase, R. J., & George, D. N. (2018). More evidence that less is better: Sub-optimal choice in dogs. Learning and Behavior, 46(4), 462-471. doi:10.3758/s13420-018-0326-1

The less-is-better effect is a preference for the lesser of two alternatives sometimes observed when they are evaluated separately. For example, a dinner service of 24 intact pieces might be judged to be more valuable than a 40-piece dinner service c... Read More

Violation of expectations about movement and goal achievement leads to Sense of Agency reduction (2018)
Journal Article
Villa, R., Tidoni, E., Porciello, G., & Aglioti, S. M. (2018). Violation of expectations about movement and goal achievement leads to Sense of Agency reduction. Experimental Brain Research, 236(7), 2123-2135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-018-5286-3

The control of one’s own movements and of their impact on the external world generates a feeling of control referred to as Sense of Agency (SoA). SoA is experienced when actions match predictions and is reduced by unpredicted events. The present stud... Read More

Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events. (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Grace, L., & Howe, D. (2019). Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45(1), 26-36. doi:10.1037/xlm0000575

Three experiments investigated the relationship between future thinking and false memories. In Experiment 1, participants remembered familiar events (e.g., a holiday) from their past, imagined planning the same events in the future, or took part in a... Read More

Differential roles of polar orbital prefrontal cortex and parietal lobes in logical reasoning with neutral and negative emotional content (2018)
Journal Article
Eimontaite, I., Goel, V., Raymont, V., Krueger, F., Schindler, I., & Grafman, J. (in press). Differential roles of polar orbital prefrontal cortex and parietal lobes in logical reasoning with neutral and negative emotional content. Neuropsychologia, ISSN 0028-3932

To answer the question of how brain pathology affects reasoning about negative emotional content, we administered a disjunctive logical reasoning task involving arguments with neutral content (e.g. Either there are tigers or women in NYC, but not bot... Read More

Thinking aloud: an exploration of cognitions in professional snooker (2018)
Journal Article
Welsh, J. C., Dewhurst, S. A., & Perry, J. L. (2018). Thinking aloud: an exploration of cognitions in professional snooker. Psychology of sport and exercise, 36, (197-208). doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.03.003. ISSN 1469-0292

Objectives: Presently, there is no exploration into the cognitive processes of super-elite and elite professional snooker players during real-time performance. Therefore, this study explored the cognitions of seven professional snooker players during... Read More

Reduced inter-hemispheric interference in ageing: Evidence from a divided field Stroop paradigm (2018)
Journal Article
Delvenne, J. F., & Castronovo, J. (2018). Reduced inter-hemispheric interference in ageing: Evidence from a divided field Stroop paradigm. Brain and Cognition, 122, (26-33). doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2018.01.008. ISSN 0278-2626

© 2018 Elsevier Inc. One of the most important structural changes that occur in the brain during the course of life relates to the corpus callosum, the largest neural pathway that connects the two cerebral hemispheres. It has been shown that the corp... Read More

Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Berry, D. M., & Garner, S. R. (2018). Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(7), 1637-1644. doi:10.1080/17470218.2017.1345961

Previous research has highlighted the wide individual variability in susceptibility to the false memories produced by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) procedure [Deese, J. (1959). On the prediction of occurrence of particular verbal intrusions in i... Read More

Moving into the information age : from records to Google Earth (2017)
Journal Article
Smith, D. (2017). Moving into the information age : from records to Google Earth

Many of us are avid recorders of Yorkshire’ varied flora and fauna. Over a recording career of many years a single recorder can personally amass large data sets or, if involved with networks of similarly-minded people, groups of recorders can rapidly... Read More