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The Effect of Atorvastatin (and Subsequent Metformin) on Adipose Tissue Acylation-Stimulatory-Protein Concentration and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Overweight/Obese Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (2019)
Journal Article
Sathyapalan, T., Hobkirk, J. P., Javed, Z., Carroll, S., Coady, A., Pemberton, P., …Atkin, S. L. (2019). The Effect of Atorvastatin (and Subsequent Metformin) on Adipose Tissue Acylation-Stimulatory-Protein Concentration and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Overweight/Obese Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Frontiers in endocrinology, 10, https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00394

Insufficient exercise intensity for clinical benefit? Monitoring and quantification of a community-based Phase III cardiac rehabilitation programme: A United Kingdom perspective (2019)
Journal Article
Khushhal, A., Nichols, S., Carroll, S., Abt, G., & Ingle, L. (in press). Insufficient exercise intensity for clinical benefit? Monitoring and quantification of a community-based Phase III cardiac rehabilitation programme: A United Kingdom perspective. PloS one, 14(6), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217654

Abstract: Background: In recent years, criticism of the percentage range approach for individualised exercise prescription has intensified and we were concerned that sub-optimal exercise dose (especially intensity) may be in part responsible for the... Read More

Influence of appendicular skeletal muscle mass on resting metabolic equivalents in patients with cardiovascular disease: Implications for exercise training and prescription (2019)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., O'Doherty, A., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (in press). Influence of appendicular skeletal muscle mass on resting metabolic equivalents in patients with cardiovascular disease: Implications for exercise training and prescription. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487319856432

Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of short‐term and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risk (2019)
Journal Article
Swainson, M. G., Ingle, L., & Carroll, S. (in press). Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of short‐term and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risk. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13468

Development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a public health concern for young-to-middle-aged adults, now exacerbated by the increasing prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) improves the reclassificati... Read More

Issues in the determination of “responders” and “non-responders” in physiological research (2019)
Journal Article
Atkinson, G., Williamson, P., & Batterham, A. M. (2019). Issues in the determination of “responders” and “non-responders” in physiological research. Experimental Physiology, https://doi.org/10.1113/EP087712

As a follow-up to our 2015 review, we cover more issues on the topic of “response heterogeneity”, which we define as clinically-important individual differences in the physiological responses to the same treatment or intervention that cannot be attri... Read More

Pilot study assessing the influence of skin type on the heart rate measurements obtained by photoplethysmography with the Apple Watch (2019)
Journal Article
Sañudo, B., De Hoyo, M., Muñoz-López, A., Perry, J., & Abt, G. (2019). Pilot study assessing the influence of skin type on the heart rate measurements obtained by photoplethysmography with the Apple Watch. Journal of Medical Systems, 43, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-019-1325-2

Photoplethysmographic imaging (PPG) is currently used to measure heart rate (HR) and the accuracy of PPG can be influenced by pigmentation of the skin; however, the effects of skin color-related artifacts on PPG during exercise remain unclear. This s... Read More

Does exercise prescription based on estimated heart rate training zones exceed the ventilatory anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary heart disease undergoing usual-care cardiovascular rehabilitation? : a United Kingdom perspective (2019)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Nichols, S., Prosser, J., Birkett, S., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (in press). Does exercise prescription based on estimated heart rate training zones exceed the ventilatory anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary heart disease undergoing usual-care cardiovascular rehabilitation? : a United Kingdom perspective. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487319852711

Background: In the United Kingdom (UK), exercise intensity is prescribed from a fixed percentage range (% heart rate reserve; %HRR) in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes. We aimed to determine the accuracy of this approach by comparing it with an... Read More

The development and validation of the Adolescent Sport Drug Inventory (ASDI) among athletes from four continents (2019)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A., Levy, A., Meir, R., Sanctuary, C., Jones, L., Baghurst, T., …Perry, J. (in press). The development and validation of the Adolescent Sport Drug Inventory (ASDI) among athletes from four continents. Psychological assessment,

A significant barrier to understanding the psycho-social antecedents of doping use among adolescent athletes is the lack of valid measures. In order to address this issue, the first aim of this paper was to develop and validate the Adolescent Sport D... Read More

Walking cadence required to elicit criterion moderate-intensity physical activity is moderated by fitness status (2019)
Journal Article
Abt, G., Bray, J., Myers, T., & Benson, A. C. (in press). Walking cadence required to elicit criterion moderate-intensity physical activity is moderated by fitness status. Journal of sports sciences, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1612505

The aims of this study were to estimate the walking cadence required to elicit a VO2reserve (VO2R) of 40% and determine if fitness status moderates the relationship between walking cadence and %VO2R. Twenty participants (10 male, mean(s) age 32(10) y... Read More

The effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and circuit training on maximal oxygen uptake (2019)
Journal Article
Birkett, S. T., Nichols, S., Sawrey, R., Gleadall-Siddall, D., McGregor, G., & Ingle, L. (in press). The effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and circuit training on maximal oxygen uptake. Sport Sciences for Health, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-019-00552-2

Purpose: High intensity interval training (HIIT) and circuit training (CT) are popular methods of exercise, eliciting improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However direct comparisons of these two training methods are limited. We investigat... Read More

Practitioners’ multi-disciplinary perspectives of soccer talent according to phase of development and playing position (2019)
Journal Article
Towlson, C., Cope, E., Perry, J. L., Court, D., & Levett, N. (in press). Practitioners’ multi-disciplinary perspectives of soccer talent according to phase of development and playing position. International journal of sports science & coaching, 174795411984506. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954119845061

The study aimed to establish the perceived importance that academy soccer practitioners placed on technical/tactical, physical, psycho-social player attributes during player selection and explore whether perceptions change according to Elite Player P... Read More

Resistance training as a treatment for older persons with peripheral artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Parmenter, B. J., Mavros, Y., Ritti Dias, R., King, S., & Fiatarone Singh, M. (2019). Resistance training as a treatment for older persons with peripheral artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. British journal of sports medicine, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100205

Objective: Resistance training (RT) improves walking ability in persons with peripheral artery disease. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effect of RT on peripheral artery disease (as measured by wa... Read More

Reading John Grisham’s Bleachers with Foucault: Lessons for sports retirement (2019)
Journal Article
Jones Jonzon, L. (in press). Reading John Grisham’s Bleachers with Foucault: Lessons for sports retirement. Sports Coaching Review, https://doi.org/10.1080/21640629.2019.1603042

This paper explores how a sociological reading of John Grisham’s (2003) short work of fiction Bleachers can shed light on the complexities of the coaching and sports retirement processes. The aim of this paper was to explore the “sociological insight... Read More

The effect of exenatide on cardiovascular risk markers in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (2019)
Journal Article
Dawson, A. J., Sathyapalan, T., Vince, R., Coady, A., Ajjan, R. A., Kilpatrick, E. S., & Atkin, S. L. (2019). The effect of exenatide on cardiovascular risk markers in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Frontiers in endocrinology, 10, https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00189

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an adverse cardiovascular risk profile including a prothrombotic state. Exenatide has been shown to be effective at improving insulin sensitivity and weight loss in PCOS; therefore this... Read More

Circulating endothelial microparticles reduce in concentration following an exercise programme in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (2019)
Journal Article
Kirk, R. J., Madden, L. A., Peart, D. J., Aye, M. M., Atkin, S. L., & Vince, R. V. (2019). Circulating endothelial microparticles reduce in concentration following an exercise programme in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Frontiers in endocrinology, 10(MAR), https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00200

Purpose: Endothelial dysfunction is a known comorbidity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim was to assess if supervised, moderate intensity exercise could potentially impact markers of endothelial disruption; endothelial cell deri... Read More

Soccer academy players' experiences of GPS surveillance (2019)
Journal Article
Jones, L. (2019). Soccer academy players' experiences of GPS surveillance. Journal of Athlete Development and Experience, 1(1),

Conventional wisdom dictates that the use of GPS surveillance technology in sport to assist athletic performance is an overwhelmingly positive phenomenon. Specifically, the health and performance benefits of the application of GPS and surveillance te... Read More

Effect of creatine supplementation on the airways of youth elite soccer players (2019)
Journal Article
Simpson, A. J., Horne, S., Sharp, P., Sharps, R., & Kippelen, P. (in press). Effect of creatine supplementation on the airways of youth elite soccer players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001979

Introduction. Owing to its well-established ergogenic potential, creatine is a highly popular food supplement in sports. As an oral supplement, creatine is considered safe and ethical. However, no data exist on the safety of creatine on lung function... Read More

The classification of minor gait alterations using wearable sensors and deep learning (2019)
Journal Article
Turner, A., & Hayes, S. (2019). The classification of minor gait alterations using wearable sensors and deep learning. IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering / Bio-medical Engineering Group, https://doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2019.2900863

Objective: This paper describes how non-invasive wearable sensors can be used in combination with deep learn- ing to classify artificially induced gait alterations without the requirement for a medical professional or gait analyst to be present. This... Read More

Home-based exercise programmes for individuals with intermittent claudication: A protocol for an updated systematic review and meta-analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Tew, G. A., Palmer, J., Ingle, L., Smith, G. E., Chetter, I., & Harwood, A. E. (2018). Home-based exercise programmes for individuals with intermittent claudication: A protocol for an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. SAGE Open Medicine, 6, 205031211881829. doi:10.1177/2050312118818295

Background: The aim of this updated review is to consider the evidence base for the effectiveness of home-based exercise programmes (HEP) as a treatment option for improving walking distance in patients with IC. Methods: The Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL,... Read More

Can sit-to-stand muscle power explain the ability to perform functional tasks in adults with severe obesity? (2018)
Journal Article
Orange, S. T., Marshall, P., Madden, L. A., & Vince, R. V. (2019). Can sit-to-stand muscle power explain the ability to perform functional tasks in adults with severe obesity?. Journal of sports sciences, 37(11), 1227-1234. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1553500

This study examined the relationship between sit-to-stand (STS) power and physical function in adults with severe obesity. Thirty-eight adults (age: 44 ± 12 years; body mass index [BMI]: 45.2 ± 7.8 kg/m2) completed evaluations of STS power, strength... Read More