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The mediating role of coping: a cross-sectional analysis of the relationship between coping self-efficacy and coping effectiveness among athletes (2010)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Polman, R. C. J., Levy, A. R., & Borkoles, E. (2010). The mediating role of coping: a cross-sectional analysis of the relationship between coping self-efficacy and coping effectiveness among athletes. International Journal of Stress Management, 17(3), 181-192. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020064

This study examines the relationship among global coping self-efficacy, coping, and coping effectiveness within athletes. We hypothesized that there would be a positive association between coping self-efficacy and coping effectiveness, which would be... Read More about The mediating role of coping: a cross-sectional analysis of the relationship between coping self-efficacy and coping effectiveness among athletes.

The ups and downs of coping and sport achievement: An episodic process analysis of within-person associations (2010)
Journal Article
Gaudreau, P., Nicholls, A., & Levy, A. (2010). The ups and downs of coping and sport achievement: An episodic process analysis of within-person associations. Journal of sport & exercise psychology, 32(3), 298-311. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.32.3.298

This study examined the relationship between coping and sport achievement at the within-person level of analysis. Fifty-four golfers completed diary measures of coping, stress, and sport achievement after six consecutive rounds of golf. Results of hi... Read More about The ups and downs of coping and sport achievement: An episodic process analysis of within-person associations.

Pre-competitive confidence, coping, and subjective performance in sport (2010)
Journal Article
Levy, A. R., Nicholls, A. R., & Polman, R. C. (2011). Pre-competitive confidence, coping, and subjective performance in sport. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 21(5), 721-729. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01075.x

The primary aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between confidence and subjective performance in addition to exploring whether coping mediated this relationship. A sample of 414 athletes completed a measure of confidence before perf... Read More about Pre-competitive confidence, coping, and subjective performance in sport.

Coping self-efficacy, pre-competitive anxiety, and subjective performance among athletes (2010)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Polman, R., & Levy, A. R. (2010). Coping self-efficacy, pre-competitive anxiety, and subjective performance among athletes. European journal of sport science : the official journal of the European College of Sport Science, 10(2), 97-102. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461390903271592

The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between (a) coping self-efficacy and subjective performance, (b) coping self-efficacy and pre-competitive anxiety, and (c) pre-competitive anxiety and subjective performance. Participants were 30... Read More about Coping self-efficacy, pre-competitive anxiety, and subjective performance among athletes.

Stress appraisals, coping, and coping effectiveness among international cross-country runners during training and competition (2009)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Levy, A. R., Grice, A., & Polman, R. C. J. (2009). Stress appraisals, coping, and coping effectiveness among international cross-country runners during training and competition. European journal of sport science : the official journal of the European College of Sport Science, 9(5), 285-293. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461390902836049

The aims of this study were to explore: (a) stressors (including intensity of the feelings that the appraisal of each stressor generated and control of the stressor) and coping strategies on training and competition days; (b) the relationship between... Read More about Stress appraisals, coping, and coping effectiveness among international cross-country runners during training and competition.

Mental toughness, stress, stress appraisal, coping and coping effectiveness in sport (2009)
Journal Article
Kaiseler, M., Polman, R., & Nicholls, A. (2009). Mental toughness, stress, stress appraisal, coping and coping effectiveness in sport. Personality and individual differences, 47(7), 728-733. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.06.012

The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between mental toughness, stressor appraisal, coping strategies and coping effectiveness among a sample of athletes. Participants were 482 athletes (male n=305: female n=177), aged betw... Read More about Mental toughness, stress, stress appraisal, coping and coping effectiveness in sport.

Coping and coping effectiveness in relation to a competitive sport event: pubertal status, chronological age, and gender among adolescent athletes (2009)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A., Polman, R., Morley, D., & Taylor, N. J. (2009). Coping and coping effectiveness in relation to a competitive sport event: pubertal status, chronological age, and gender among adolescent athletes. Journal of sport & exercise psychology, 31(3), 299-317. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.31.3.299

An aim of this paper was to discover whether athletes of different pubertal status, chronological age, and gender reported distinct coping strategies in response to stress during a competitive event in their sport. A secondary aim was to examine pube... Read More about Coping and coping effectiveness in relation to a competitive sport event: pubertal status, chronological age, and gender among adolescent athletes.

Mental toughness: managerial and age differences (2009)
Journal Article
Marchant, D. C., Polman, R. C. J., Clough, P. J., Jackson, J. G., Levy, A. R., & Nicholls, A. R. (2009). Mental toughness: managerial and age differences. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24(5), 428-437. https://doi.org/10.1108/02683940910959753

Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate whether employees at various levels of managerial positions (e.g. senior, middle, and junior) exhibit different levels of mental toughness. In addition, the study seeks to explore possible effects... Read More about Mental toughness: managerial and age differences.

Organisational Stressors, Coping, and Coping Effectiveness: A Longitudinal Study with an Elite Coach (2009)
Journal Article
Levy, A., Nicholls, A., Marchant, D., & Polman, R. (2009). Organisational Stressors, Coping, and Coping Effectiveness: A Longitudinal Study with an Elite Coach. International journal of sports science & coaching, 4(1), 31-45. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.4.1.31

The purpose of this study was to examine organisational stressors, coping, and perceptions of coping effectiveness with an elite coach. The participant completed a daily diary over a 28-day period. Each diary entry consisted of an open-ended stressor... Read More about Organisational Stressors, Coping, and Coping Effectiveness: A Longitudinal Study with an Elite Coach.

Stress appraisals, emotions, and coping among international adolescent golfers (2009)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Hemmings, B., & Clough, P. J. (2010). Stress appraisals, emotions, and coping among international adolescent golfers. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 20(2), 346-355. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.00894.x

The aims of this study were to (a) explore the emotions generated during or as a consequence of stress appraisals, after coping, and after the event outcome, (b) explore whether multiple emotions were generated from the initial stress appraisal throu... Read More about Stress appraisals, emotions, and coping among international adolescent golfers.

Mental toughness in sport: Achievement level, gender, age, experience, and sport type differences (2009)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Polman, R. C. J., Levy, A. R., & Backhouse, S. H. (2009). Mental toughness in sport: Achievement level, gender, age, experience, and sport type differences. Personality and individual differences, 47(1), 73-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.02.006

It was hypothesized that there would be significant differences in mental toughness among athletes of different: (a) achievement level, (b) gender, (c) age, (d) sporting experience, and (e) sport type (team vs. individual and contact vs. non-contact... Read More about Mental toughness in sport: Achievement level, gender, age, experience, and sport type differences.

Stressors and coping strategies among early and middle adolescent premier league academy soccer players: differences according to age (2009)
Journal Article
Reeves, C. W., Nicholls, A. R., & McKenna, J. (2009). Stressors and coping strategies among early and middle adolescent premier league academy soccer players: differences according to age. Journal of applied sport psychology, 21(1), 31-48. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200802443768

The purpose of this study was to examine stressors and coping strategies among early (12-14 years) and middle adolescents (15-18 years). Forty male academy soccer players, aged between 12-18 years (M age = 14.22 years), participated in semi-structure... Read More about Stressors and coping strategies among early and middle adolescent premier league academy soccer players: differences according to age.

Think Aloud: Acute Stress and Coping Strategies during Golf Performances (2008)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A., & Polman, R. C. J. (2008). Think Aloud: Acute Stress and Coping Strategies during Golf Performances. Anxiety, stress, and coping, 21(3), 283-294. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615800701609207

A limitation of the sport psychology coping literature is the amount of time between a stressful episode and the recall of the coping strategies used in the stressful event (Nicholls Polman, 2007). The purpose of this study was to develop and impleme... Read More about Think Aloud: Acute Stress and Coping Strategies during Golf Performances.

The lived experiences of people diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in relation to exercise (2008)
Journal Article
Borkoles, E., Nicholls, A. R., Bell, K., Butterly, R., & Polman, R. C. J. (2008). The lived experiences of people diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in relation to exercise. Psychology & health, 23(4), 427-441. https://doi.org/10.1080/14768320701205309

The purpose of this study was to examine the lived experiences of people diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Seven active exercisers with MS participated in semi-structured interviews regarding their exercise experiences since diagnosis. Data wer... Read More about The lived experiences of people diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in relation to exercise.

Acute sport-related stressors, coping, and emotion among professional rugby union players during training and matches (2008)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Jones, C. R., Polman, R. C. J., & Borkoles, E. (2009). Acute sport-related stressors, coping, and emotion among professional rugby union players during training and matches. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 19(1), 113-120. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2008.00772.x

The purpose of this study was to examine acute sport-related stressors, coping, and emotion among a sample of professional rugby union players during training and matches. Five professional rugby union players maintained diaries for 31 days. The diar... Read More about Acute sport-related stressors, coping, and emotion among professional rugby union players during training and matches.

Stressors and affective states among professional rugby union players (2008)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Backhouse, S. H., Polman, R. C. J., & McKenna, J. (2009). Stressors and affective states among professional rugby union players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 19(1), 121-128. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2007.00757.x

The purpose of the present study was to examine (a) the sources of sport and non-sport stress and their associated symptoms on rest days, training days, and match days and (b) the temporal aspects of sources and symptoms of stress and affective state... Read More about Stressors and affective states among professional rugby union players.

Mental toughness, optimism, pessimism, and coping among athletes (2007)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Polman, R. C., Levy, A. R., & Backhouse, S. H. (2008). Mental toughness, optimism, pessimism, and coping among athletes. Personality and individual differences, 44(5), 1182-1192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2007.11.011

The concept of mental toughness is widely used, but empirical evidence is required to fully understand this construct and its related variables. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationship between: (a) mental toughness and coping, (b) m... Read More about Mental toughness, optimism, pessimism, and coping among athletes.