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Non-medical devices for chronic breathlessness: use, barriers and facilitators for patients, carers and clinicians - a scoping review (2021)
Journal Article
Prihartadi, A. S., Impelliziere Licastro, G., Pearson, M., Johnson, M. J., Luckett, T., & Swan, F. (in press). Non-medical devices for chronic breathlessness: use, barriers and facilitators for patients, carers and clinicians - a scoping review. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care, https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2021-002962

Background Non-medical devices such as the handheld fan (fan), mobility aids (wheeled walkers with seats) and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) devices offer benefits for patient management of chronic breathlessness. We examined the published evidenc... Read More about Non-medical devices for chronic breathlessness: use, barriers and facilitators for patients, carers and clinicians - a scoping review.

Implementing person-centred outcome measures in palliative care: An exploratory qualitative study using Normalisation Process Theory to understand processes and context (2020)
Journal Article
Bradshaw, A., Santarelli, M., Mulderrig, M., Khamis, A., Sartain, K., Boland, J. W., …Murtagh, F. E. (in press). Implementing person-centred outcome measures in palliative care: An exploratory qualitative study using Normalisation Process Theory to understand processes and context. Palliative medicine, https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216320972049

© The Author(s) 2020. Background: Despite evidence demonstrating the utility of using Person-Centred Outcome Measures within palliative care settings, implementing them into routine practice is challenging. Most research has described barriers to, wi... Read More about Implementing person-centred outcome measures in palliative care: An exploratory qualitative study using Normalisation Process Theory to understand processes and context.

Interventions to minimise doctors’ mental ill-health and its impacts on the workforce and patient care: the Care Under Pressure realist review (2020)
Journal Article
Carrieri, D., Pearson, M., Mattick, K., Papoutsi, C., Briscoe, S., Wong, G., & Jackson, M. (in press). Interventions to minimise doctors’ mental ill-health and its impacts on the workforce and patient care: the Care Under Pressure realist review. Health Services and Delivery Research, 8(19), 1-132. https://doi.org/10.3310/hsdr08190

Background The growing incidence of mental ill-health in health professionals, including doctors, is a global concern. Although a large body of literature exists on interventions that offer support, advice and/or treatment to sick doctors, it has no... Read More about Interventions to minimise doctors’ mental ill-health and its impacts on the workforce and patient care: the Care Under Pressure realist review.

“Are you doing your pelvic floor?” An ethnographic exploration of the interaction between women and midwives about pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) during pregnancy (2020)
Journal Article
Terry, R., Jarvie, R., Hay-Smith, J., Salmon, V., Pearson, M., Boddy, K., …Dean, S. (2020). “Are you doing your pelvic floor?” An ethnographic exploration of the interaction between women and midwives about pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) during pregnancy. Midwifery, 83, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2020.102647

Objective Many women experience urinary incontinence (UI) during and after pregnancy. Pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) can prevent and reduce the symptoms of UI. The objective of the study was to explore challenges, opportunities and concerns fo... Read More about “Are you doing your pelvic floor?” An ethnographic exploration of the interaction between women and midwives about pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) during pregnancy.

Building programme theory to develop more adaptable and scalable complex interventions: Realist formative process evaluation prior to full trial (2018)
Journal Article
Brand, S. L., Quinn, C., Pearson, M., Lennox, C., Owens, C., Kirkpatrick, T., …Byng, R. (2019). Building programme theory to develop more adaptable and scalable complex interventions: Realist formative process evaluation prior to full trial. Evaluation, 25(2), 149-170. https://doi.org/10.1177/1356389018802134

Medical Research Council guidelines recognise the need to optimise complex interventions prior to full trial through greater understanding of underlying theory and formative process evaluation, yet there are few examples. A realist approach to format... Read More about Building programme theory to develop more adaptable and scalable complex interventions: Realist formative process evaluation prior to full trial.

Evaluation of a complex intervention (Engager) for prisoners with common mental health problems, near to and after release: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (2018)
Journal Article
Kirkpatrick, T., Lennox, C., Taylor, R., Anderson, R., Maguire, M., Haddad, M., …Byng, R. (2018). Evaluation of a complex intervention (Engager) for prisoners with common mental health problems, near to and after release: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ open, 8(2), e017931. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017931

Introduction The ‘Engager’ programme is a ‘through-the-gate’ intervention designed to support prisoners with common mental health problems as they transition from prison back into the community. The trial will evaluate the clinical and cost-effective... Read More about Evaluation of a complex intervention (Engager) for prisoners with common mental health problems, near to and after release: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

‘Care Under Pressure’: a realist review of interventions to tackle doctors’ mental ill-health and its impacts on the clinical workforce and patient care (2018)
Journal Article
Carrieri, D., Briscoe, S., Jackson, M., Mattick, K., Papoutsi, C., Pearson, M., & Wong, G. (2018). ‘Care Under Pressure’: a realist review of interventions to tackle doctors’ mental ill-health and its impacts on the clinical workforce and patient care. BMJ open, 8(2), e021273. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021273

Introduction Mental ill-health is prevalent across all groups of health professionals and this is of great concern in many countries. In the UK, the mental health of the National Health Service (NHS) workforce is a major healthcare issue, leading to... Read More about ‘Care Under Pressure’: a realist review of interventions to tackle doctors’ mental ill-health and its impacts on the clinical workforce and patient care.

Making sense of evidence: using research training to promote organisational change (2017)
Journal Article
Wilkinson, K., Boyd, K., Pearson, M., Farrimond, H., Lang, I. A., Fleischer, D., …Rappert, B. (2019). Making sense of evidence: using research training to promote organisational change. Police Practice and Research, 20(5), 511-529. https://doi.org/10.1080/15614263.2017.1405266

Many have argued that the development of evidence-based policing (EBP) depends on those in law enforcement agencies receiving appropriate training in research methodologies and data analysis. Despite this, there are few detailed accounts of such trai... Read More about Making sense of evidence: using research training to promote organisational change.

Collaborative action for person-centred coordinated care (P3C): An approach to support the development of a comprehensive system-wide solution to fragmented care (2017)
Journal Article
Lloyd, H. M., Pearson, M., Sheaff, R., Asthana, S., Wheat, H., Sugavanam, T. P., …Byng, R. (2017). Collaborative action for person-centred coordinated care (P3C): An approach to support the development of a comprehensive system-wide solution to fragmented care. Health research policy and systems, 15(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-017-0263-z

Background Fragmented care results in poor outcomes for individuals with complexity of need. Person-centred coordinated care (P3C) is perceived to be a potential solution, but an absence of accessible evidence and the lack of a scalable ‘blue print’... Read More about Collaborative action for person-centred coordinated care (P3C): An approach to support the development of a comprehensive system-wide solution to fragmented care.

Social and professional influences on antimicrobial prescribing for doctors-in-training: A realist review (2017)
Journal Article
Papoutsi, C., Mattick, K., Pearson, M., Brennan, N., Briscoe, S., & Wong, G. (2017). Social and professional influences on antimicrobial prescribing for doctors-in-training: A realist review. The journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 72(9), 2418-2430. https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkx194

Background Antimicrobial resistance has led to widespread implementation of interventions for appropriate prescribing. However, such interventions are often adopted without an adequate understanding of the challenges facing doctors-in-training as key... Read More about Social and professional influences on antimicrobial prescribing for doctors-in-training: A realist review.

Improving Hospital at Home for frail older people: insights from a quality improvement project to achieve change across regional health and social care sectors (2017)
Journal Article
Pearson, M., Hemsley, A., Blackwell, R., Pegg, L., & Custerson, L. (2017). Improving Hospital at Home for frail older people: insights from a quality improvement project to achieve change across regional health and social care sectors. BMC health services research, 17(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2334-9

© 2017 The Author(s). Background: Against a background of rising numbers of frail older people, there is a need to improve quality and safety of services whilst containing costs. Improving patient outcomes requires change across hospital and communit... Read More about Improving Hospital at Home for frail older people: insights from a quality improvement project to achieve change across regional health and social care sectors.

Opportunities, challenges and concerns for the implementation and uptake of pelvic floor muscle assessment and exercises during the childbearing years: Protocol for a critical interpretive synthesis (2017)
Journal Article
Salmon, V. E., Hay-Smith, E. J. C., Jarvie, R., Dean, S., Oborn, E., Bayliss, S. E., …Pearson, M. (2017). Opportunities, challenges and concerns for the implementation and uptake of pelvic floor muscle assessment and exercises during the childbearing years: Protocol for a critical interpretive synthesis. Systematic reviews, 6(1), . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-017-0420-z

© 2017 The Author(s). Background: Pregnancy and childbirth are important risk factors for urinary incontinence (UI) in women. Pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) are effective for prevention of UI. Guidelines for the management of UI recommend offer... Read More about Opportunities, challenges and concerns for the implementation and uptake of pelvic floor muscle assessment and exercises during the childbearing years: Protocol for a critical interpretive synthesis.

Can "realist" randomised controlled trials be genuinely realist? (2016)
Journal Article
Van Belle, S., Wong, G., Westhorp, G., Pearson, M., Emmel, N., Manzano, A., & Marchal, B. (2016). Can "realist" randomised controlled trials be genuinely realist?. Trials, 17(1), doi:10.1186/s13063-016-1407-0

In this paper, we respond to a paper by Jamal and colleagues published in Trials in October 2015 and take an opportunity to continue the much-needed debate about what applied scientific realism is. The paper by Jamal et al. is useful because it expos... Read More about Can "realist" randomised controlled trials be genuinely realist?.

What approaches to social prescribing work, for whom, and in what circumstances? A protocol for a realist review (2016)
Journal Article
Husk, K., Blockley, K., Lovell, R., Bethel, A., Bloomfield, D., Warber, S., …Garside, R. (2016). What approaches to social prescribing work, for whom, and in what circumstances? A protocol for a realist review. Systematic reviews, 5(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-016-0269-6

© 2016 The Author(s). Background: The use of non-drug, non-health-service interventions has been proposed as a cost-effective alternative to help those with long-term conditions manage their illness and improve their health and well-being. Interventi... Read More about What approaches to social prescribing work, for whom, and in what circumstances? A protocol for a realist review.

Improving the Reporting of Health and Psychological Research (2016)
Journal Article
Fuller, T. E., Pearson, M., & Peters, J. (2016). Improving the Reporting of Health and Psychological Research. Australian Psychologist, 51(3), 182-187. doi:10.1111/ap.12135

A growing body of empirical evidence has consistently demonstrated that much publically and privately funded research is reported in a way that makes it difficult for the findings to be included in evidence syntheses or used by researchers, clinician... Read More about Improving the Reporting of Health and Psychological Research.

Interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing of doctors in training: The IMPACT (IMProving Antimicrobial presCribing of doctors in Training) realist review (2015)
Journal Article
Wong, G., Brennan, N., Mattick, K., Pearson, M., Briscoe, S., & Papoutsi, C. (2015). Interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing of doctors in training: The IMPACT (IMProving Antimicrobial presCribing of doctors in Training) realist review. BMJ open, 5(10), e009059. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009059

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance has been described as a global crisis-more prudent prescribing is part of the solution. Behaviour change interventions are needed to improve prescribing practice. Presently, the literature documents that context... Read More about Interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing of doctors in training: The IMPACT (IMProving Antimicrobial presCribing of doctors in Training) realist review.

Using realist review to inform intervention development: Methodological illustration and conceptual platform for collaborative care in offender mental health (2015)
Journal Article
Pearson, M., Brand, S. L., Quinn, C., Shaw, J., Maguire, M., Michie, S., …Byng, R. (2015). Using realist review to inform intervention development: Methodological illustration and conceptual platform for collaborative care in offender mental health. Implementation Science, 10(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-015-0321-2

Background This paper reports how we used a realist review, as part of a wider project to improve collaborative mental health care for prisoners with common mental health problems, to develop a conceptual platform. The importance of offenders gaining... Read More about Using realist review to inform intervention development: Methodological illustration and conceptual platform for collaborative care in offender mental health.

Evaluating the impact of a simulation study in emergency stroke care (2015)
Journal Article
Monks, T., Pearson, M., Pitt, M., Stein, K., & James, M. A. (2015). Evaluating the impact of a simulation study in emergency stroke care. Operations research for health care, 6, 40-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orhc.2015.09.002

© 2015 The Authors. Very few discrete-event simulation studies follow up on recommendations with evaluation of whether modelled benefits have been realised and the extent to which modelling contributed to any change. This paper evaluates changes made... Read More about Evaluating the impact of a simulation study in emergency stroke care.

Health promotion in schools: A scoping review of systematic reviews (2015)
Journal Article
Chilton, R., Pearson, M., & Anderson, R. (2015). Health promotion in schools: A scoping review of systematic reviews. Health Education, 115(3-4), 357-376. doi:10.1108/HE-03-2014-0033

Purpose – Schools are an important setting for a wide variety of activities to promote health. The purpose of this paper is to map the different types of health promotion programmes and activities in schools, to estimate the amount of published evalu... Read More about Health promotion in schools: A scoping review of systematic reviews.