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Rhinovirus-16 increases ATP release in A549 cells without concomitant increase in production (2020)
Journal Article
Atkinson, S. K., Morice, A. H., & Sadofsky, L. R. (2020). Rhinovirus-16 increases ATP release in A549 cells without concomitant increase in production. ERJ Open Research, 6(4), https://doi.org/10.1183/23120541.00159-2020

Human rhinovirus (RV) is the most common cause of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and chronic airway disease exacerbation. Cough is present in 50–80% of URTI cases, accompanied by heightened airway hypersensitivity, yet no effective treatmen... Read More about Rhinovirus-16 increases ATP release in A549 cells without concomitant increase in production.

CANcer BEhavioural nutrition and exercise feasibility trial (CanBenefit); phase I qualitative interview findings (2020)
Journal Article
Swan, F., Chen, H., Forbes, C. C., Johnson, M. J., & Lind, M. (in press). CANcer BEhavioural nutrition and exercise feasibility trial (CanBenefit); phase I qualitative interview findings. Journal of Geriatric Oncology, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgo.2020.09.026

Background: Older people with lung cancer are often frail and unfit due to their cancer and co-morbidities and may tolerate cancer treatments poorly. Physical activity (PA) and a healthy diet offer quality of life benefit to people with cancer before... Read More about CANcer BEhavioural nutrition and exercise feasibility trial (CanBenefit); phase I qualitative interview findings.

Normative reference values for estimated cardiorespiratory fitness in apparently healthy British men and women (2020)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Rigby, A., Brodie, D., & Sandercock, G. (2020). Normative reference values for estimated cardiorespiratory fitness in apparently healthy British men and women. PLoS ONE, 15(10), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0240099

Copyright: © 2020 Ingle et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and sour... Read More about Normative reference values for estimated cardiorespiratory fitness in apparently healthy British men and women.

Hypoglycaemia in type 2 diabetes exacerbates amyloid-related proteins associated with dementia (2020)
Journal Article
Moin, A. S. M., Al-Qaissi, A., Sathyapalan, T., Atkin, S. L., & Butler, A. E. (in press). Hypoglycaemia in type 2 diabetes exacerbates amyloid-related proteins associated with dementia. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.14220

Objective Hypoglycemia in diabetes (T2D) may increase the risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). We hypothesized that hypoglycemia‐induced amyloid‐related protein changes would be exacerbated in T2D. Methods A prospective, parallel study in T2D (n=2... Read More about Hypoglycaemia in type 2 diabetes exacerbates amyloid-related proteins associated with dementia.

Dynamic Changes in Circulating Endocrine FGF19 Subfamily and Fetuin-A in Response to Intralipid and Insulin Infusions in Healthy and PCOS Women (2020)
Journal Article
Ramanjaneya, M., Bensila, M., Bettahi, I., Jerobin, J., Samra, T. A., Aye, M. M., …Abou-Samra, A. B. (2020). Dynamic Changes in Circulating Endocrine FGF19 Subfamily and Fetuin-A in Response to Intralipid and Insulin Infusions in Healthy and PCOS Women. Frontiers in endocrinology, 11, https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2020.568500

© Copyright © 2020 Ramanjaneya, Bensila, Bettahi, Jerobin, Samra, Aye, Alkasem, Siveen, Sathyapalan, Skarulis, Atkin and Abou-Samra. Background: The fibroblast growth factors (FGF) 19 subfamily, also referred to as endocrine FGFs, includes FGF19, FGF... Read More about Dynamic Changes in Circulating Endocrine FGF19 Subfamily and Fetuin-A in Response to Intralipid and Insulin Infusions in Healthy and PCOS Women.

Increased MicroRNA Levels in Women With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome but Without Insulin Resistance: A Pilot Prospective Study (2020)
Journal Article
Butler, A. E., Ramachandran, V., Cunningham, T. K., David, R., Gooderham, N. J., Benurwar, M., …Atkin, S. L. (2020). Increased MicroRNA Levels in Women With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome but Without Insulin Resistance: A Pilot Prospective Study. Frontiers in endocrinology, 11, https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2020.571357

© Copyright © 2020 Butler, Ramachandran, Cunningham, David, Gooderham, Benurwar, Dargham, Hayat, Sathyapalan, Najafi-Shoushtari and Atkin. Background: Small noncoding microRNA (miRNA) have regulatory functions in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) that... Read More about Increased MicroRNA Levels in Women With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome but Without Insulin Resistance: A Pilot Prospective Study.

The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of hospital-based specialist palliative care for adults with advanced illness and their caregivers (2020)
Journal Article
Bajwah, S., Oluyase, A. O., Yi, D., Gao, W., Evans, C. J., Grande, G., …Higginson, I. J. (2020). The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of hospital-based specialist palliative care for adults with advanced illness and their caregivers. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 2020(9), https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012780.pub2

Background Serious illness is often characterised by physical/psychological problems, family support needs, and high healthcare resource use. Hospital‐based specialist palliative care (HSPC) has developed to assist in better meeting the needs of pat... Read More about The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of hospital-based specialist palliative care for adults with advanced illness and their caregivers.

The stability of care preferences following acute illness: a mixed methods prospective cohort study of frail older people (2020)
Journal Article
Etkind, S., Lovell, N., Bone, A., Guo, P., Nicholson, C., Murtagh, F. E., & Higginson, I. J. (2020). The stability of care preferences following acute illness: a mixed methods prospective cohort study of frail older people. BMC Geriatrics, 20(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-020-01725-2

Background: Patient preferences are integral to person-centred care, but preference stability is poorly understood in older people, who may experience fluctuant illness trajectories with episodes of acute illness. We aimed to describe, and explore in... Read More about The stability of care preferences following acute illness: a mixed methods prospective cohort study of frail older people.

‘I don’t talk about my distress to others; I feel that I have to suffer my problems..’ Voices of Indian women with breast cancer: a qualitative interview study (2020)
Journal Article
Daniel, S., Venkateswaran, C., Hutchinson, A., & Johnson, M. J. (2020). ‘I don’t talk about my distress to others; I feel that I have to suffer my problems..’ Voices of Indian women with breast cancer: a qualitative interview study. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-020-05756-8

Background: Breast cancer is the commonest form of cancer among women globally, including in India. The rising incidence in the developing world is thought to be due to increased life expectancy, urbanization and adoption of western lifestyles. A rec... Read More about ‘I don’t talk about my distress to others; I feel that I have to suffer my problems..’ Voices of Indian women with breast cancer: a qualitative interview study.

Hyperthyroidism, and bone mineral density : dissecting the causal association with Mendelian randomization analysis (2020)
Journal Article
Deshmukh, H., Papageorgiou, M., Aye, M., England, J., Abdalla, M., & Sathyapalan, T. (in press). Hyperthyroidism, and bone mineral density : dissecting the causal association with Mendelian randomization analysis. Clinical Endocrinology, https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.14330

Introduction Untreated hyperthyroidism is associated with accelerated bone turnover, low bone mineral density (BMD) and increased susceptibility to fragility fractures. Although treatment appears to improve or even reverse some of these adverse skel... Read More about Hyperthyroidism, and bone mineral density : dissecting the causal association with Mendelian randomization analysis.

The Prepare for Kidney Care Study: prepare for renal dialysis versus responsive management in advanced chronic kidney disease (2020)
Journal Article
Murphy, E., Burns, A., Murtagh, F. E. M., Rooshenas, L., & Caskey, F. J. (in press). The Prepare for Kidney Care Study: prepare for renal dialysis versus responsive management in advanced chronic kidney disease. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfaa209

Shared decision making in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) requires unbiased information on survival and person-centred outcomes known to matter to patients: quality of life, symptom burden and support from family and healthcare professionals. T... Read More about The Prepare for Kidney Care Study: prepare for renal dialysis versus responsive management in advanced chronic kidney disease.

A randomised clinical trial of ultrasound guided cannulation of difficult fistulae for dialysis access (2020)
Journal Article
Latham, R., Smith, G., Chetter, I., Carradice, D., Cai, P., Eves, J., …Lathan, R. (in press). A randomised clinical trial of ultrasound guided cannulation of difficult fistulae for dialysis access. The journal of vascular access, https://doi.org/10.1177/1129729820954725

Background: Arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) are preferred for dialysis access but require accurate cannulation for effective dialysis. Evidence supports improvements in cannulation and complication rates using ultrasound guidance (USG) in cannulating ot... Read More about A randomised clinical trial of ultrasound guided cannulation of difficult fistulae for dialysis access.

Measurement of Glutathione as a Tool for Oxidative Stress Studies by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (2020)
Journal Article
Nuhu, F., Gordon, A., Sturmey, R., Seymour, A. M., & Bhandari, S. (2020). Measurement of Glutathione as a Tool for Oxidative Stress Studies by High Performance Liquid Chromatography. Molecules, 25(18), https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25184196

Background: Maintenance of the ratio of glutathione in the reduced (GSH) and oxidised (GSSG) state in cells is important in redox control, signal transduction and gene regulation, factors that are altered in many diseases. The accurate and reliable d... Read More about Measurement of Glutathione as a Tool for Oxidative Stress Studies by High Performance Liquid Chromatography.

International variation in dialysis discontinuation in patients with advanced kidney disease (2020)
Journal Article
O'Hare, A. M., Jassal, S. V., Larkina, M., Jager, K. J., Murtagh, F. E., O’Hare, A. M., …Swartz, R. D. (2020). International variation in dialysis discontinuation in patients with advanced kidney disease. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 192(35), E995-E1002. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.191631

BACKGROUND: Decisions about dialysis for advanced kidney disease are often strongly shaped by sociocultural and system-level factors rather than the priorities and values of individual patients. We examined international variation in the uptake of co... Read More about International variation in dialysis discontinuation in patients with advanced kidney disease.

Searching for Programme Theories for a realist evaluation: A case study comparing an academic database search and a simple Google search (2020)
Journal Article
Wright, J. M., Coleman, S., Wright, J. M., Nixon, J., Schoonhoven, L., Twiddy, M., & Greenhalgh, J. (2020). Searching for Programme Theories for a realist evaluation: A case study comparing an academic database search and a simple Google search. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 20(1), 217. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-020-01084-x

BACKGROUND: Realist methodologies are increasingly being used to evaluate complex interventions in health and social care. Programme theory (ideas and assumptions of how a particular intervention works) development is the first step in a realist eval... Read More about Searching for Programme Theories for a realist evaluation: A case study comparing an academic database search and a simple Google search.

Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality: methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study (2020)
Journal Article
James, S. L., Bertolacci, G. J., Castle, C. D., Dingels, Z. V., Fox, J. T., Hamilton, E. B., …Vos, T. (2020). Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality: methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study. Injury Prevention, 26, i125-i153. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043531

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. BACKGROUND: While there is a long history of measuring death and disability from injuries, modern research methods must account for the wide spectrum of disabili... Read More about Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality: methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study.

Mapping geographical inequalities in access to drinking water and sanitation facilities in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17 (2020)
Journal Article
Reiner, R. C., Local Burden of Disease WaSH Collaborators, , & Soyiri, I. (2020). Mapping geographical inequalities in access to drinking water and sanitation facilities in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17. The Lancet global health, 8(9), e1162-e1185. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X%2820%2930278-3

Background Universal access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities is an essential human right, recognised in the Sustainable Development Goals as crucial for preventing disease and improving human wellbeing. Comprehensive, high-resolutio... Read More about Mapping geographical inequalities in access to drinking water and sanitation facilities in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17.

Activities forgone because of chronic breathlessness: a cross-sectional, population prevalence study (2020)
Journal Article
Kochovska, S., Chang, S., Morgan, D. D., Ferreira, D., Sidhu, M., Saleh Moussa, R., …Currow, D. C. (2020). Activities forgone because of chronic breathlessness: a cross-sectional, population prevalence study. Palliative Medicine Reports, 1(1), 166-170. https://doi.org/10.1089/pmr.2020.0083

Background Chronic breathlessness is a prevalent, disabling syndrome affecting many people for years. Identifying the impact of chronic breathlessness on people’s activities in the general population is pivotal for designing symptom management strat... Read More about Activities forgone because of chronic breathlessness: a cross-sectional, population prevalence study.

Senescence in Wound Repair: Emerging Strategies to Target Chronic Healing Wounds (2020)
Journal Article
Wilkinson, H. N., & Hardman, M. J. (2020). Senescence in Wound Repair: Emerging Strategies to Target Chronic Healing Wounds. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 8, https://doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2020.00773

© Copyright © 2020 Wilkinson and Hardman. Cellular senescence is a fundamental stress response that restrains tumour formation. Yet, senescence cells are also present in non-cancerous states, accumulating exponentially with chronological age and cont... Read More about Senescence in Wound Repair: Emerging Strategies to Target Chronic Healing Wounds.

Mapping geographical inequalities in oral rehydration therapy coverage in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17 Local Burden of Disease Diarrhoea Collaborators* (2020)
Journal Article
Local Burden of Disease Diarrhoea Collaborators, , & Soyiri, I. (2020). Mapping geographical inequalities in oral rehydration therapy coverage in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17 Local Burden of Disease Diarrhoea Collaborators*. The Lancet global health, 8(8), e1038-e1060. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X%2820%2930230-8

Background Oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a form of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) for diarrhoea that has the potential to drastically reduce child mortality; yet, according to UNICEF estimates, less than half of children younger than 5 years w... Read More about Mapping geographical inequalities in oral rehydration therapy coverage in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17 Local Burden of Disease Diarrhoea Collaborators*.