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Cardiovascular and musculoskeletal response to supervised exercise in patients with intermittent claudication (2018)
Journal Article
Harwood, A. E., Totty, J. P., Pymer, S., Huang, C., Hitchman, L., Carradice, D., …Chetter, I. C. (2019). Cardiovascular and musculoskeletal response to supervised exercise in patients with intermittent claudication. Journal of vascular surgery, 69(6), 1899-1908.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.10.065

Objective Intermittent claudication occurs in 20 % of the population over 70 and treatment includes a supervised exercise programme (SEP). Whilst there is evidence demonstrating walking improvements following a SEP there is conflicting data on the ph... Read More about Cardiovascular and musculoskeletal response to supervised exercise in patients with intermittent claudication.

Home-based exercise programmes for individuals with intermittent claudication: A protocol for an updated systematic review and meta-analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Tew, G. A., Palmer, J., Ingle, L., Smith, G. E., Chetter, I., & Harwood, A. E. (2018). Home-based exercise programmes for individuals with intermittent claudication: A protocol for an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. SAGE Open Medicine, 6, 205031211881829. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050312118818295

Background: The aim of this updated review is to consider the evidence base for the effectiveness of home-based exercise programmes (HEP) as a treatment option for improving walking distance in patients with IC. Methods: The Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL,... Read More about Home-based exercise programmes for individuals with intermittent claudication: A protocol for an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.

Metabolic and proteomic signatures of hypoglycaemia in type 2 diabetes (2018)
Journal Article
Halama, A., Kahal, H., Bhagwat, A. M., Zierer, J., Sathyapalan, T., Grauman, J., …Atkin, S. (2019). Metabolic and proteomic signatures of hypoglycaemia in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 21(4), 909-919. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.13602

Aims: To determine the biochemical changes that underlie hypoglycaemia in a healthy control group and in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Materials and methods: We report a hypoglycaemic clamp study in seven healthy controls and 10 people with T2D.... Read More about Metabolic and proteomic signatures of hypoglycaemia in type 2 diabetes.

Oral anticoagulation is preferable to injected, but only if it is safe and effective: An interview study of patient and carer experience of oral and injected anticoagulant therapy for cancer-associated thrombosis in the select-d trial (2018)
Journal Article
Hutchinson, A., Rees, S., Young, A., Maraveyas, A., Date, K., & Johnson, M. J. (2019). Oral anticoagulation is preferable to injected, but only if it is safe and effective: An interview study of patient and carer experience of oral and injected anticoagulant therapy for cancer-associated thrombosis in the select-d trial. Palliative medicine, 33(5), 510-517. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216318815377

Background: Cancer patients have a four- to fivefold greater risk of thrombosis than the general population. Recommended treatment for cancer-associated thrombosis is 3–6 months of low-molecular-weight heparin. The ‘select-d’ trial is an open-label,... Read More about Oral anticoagulation is preferable to injected, but only if it is safe and effective: An interview study of patient and carer experience of oral and injected anticoagulant therapy for cancer-associated thrombosis in the select-d trial.

Effect of high glucose on human alveolar macrophage phenotype and phagocytosis of mycobacteria (2018)
Journal Article
Vance, J., Santos, A., Sadofsky, L., Morice, A., & Cervantes, J. (2019). Effect of high glucose on human alveolar macrophage phenotype and phagocytosis of mycobacteria. Lung, 197(1), 89–94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00408-018-0181-z

Purpose Diabetes mellitus (DBM) reduces immunological activity and increases susceptibility to various infections, including tuberculosis (TB). Human alveolar macrophage (hAM) functions are altered in DBM. Methods To mimic hyperglycemic conditions i... Read More about Effect of high glucose on human alveolar macrophage phenotype and phagocytosis of mycobacteria.

The effect of high dose isoflavone supplementation on serum reverse T3 in euthyroid men with Type 2 Diabetes and post-menopausal women (2018)
Journal Article
Sathyapalan, T., Köhrle, J., Rijntjes, E., Rigby, A. S., Dargham, S. R., Kilpatrick, E. S., & Atkin, S. L. (2018). The effect of high dose isoflavone supplementation on serum reverse T3 in euthyroid men with Type 2 Diabetes and post-menopausal women. Frontiers in endocrinology, 9, Article 698. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00698

Background: The health benefits of soy are widely reported but there are queries on the effect of soy isoflavones on thyroid function and the underlying mechanism of action. Materials and Methods: We examined the effect of soy isoflavones on rever... Read More about The effect of high dose isoflavone supplementation on serum reverse T3 in euthyroid men with Type 2 Diabetes and post-menopausal women.

Development of a novel risk prediction and risk stratification score for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) (2018)
Journal Article
Deshmukh, H., Papageorgiou, M., Kilpatrick, E. S., Atkin, S. L., & Sathyapalan, T. (in press). Development of a novel risk prediction and risk stratification score for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Clinical Endocrinology, 90(1), 162-169. https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.13879

Objective The aim of this study was to develop a simple phenotypic algorithm that can capture the underlying clinical and hormonal abnormalities to help in the diagnosis and risk stratification of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods The study... Read More about Development of a novel risk prediction and risk stratification score for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Cardiovascular profile of pharmacological agents used for the management of polycystic ovary syndrome (2018)
Journal Article
Alalami, H., Sathyapalan, T., & Atkin, S. L. (2019). Cardiovascular profile of pharmacological agents used for the management of polycystic ovary syndrome. Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism, 10, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1177/2042018818805674

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have an adverse metabolic profile with an increased risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2DM); however, it is unclear if PCOS is associated with increased cardiovascular events in later years independe... Read More about Cardiovascular profile of pharmacological agents used for the management of polycystic ovary syndrome.

Are there patients missing from community heart failure registers? An audit of clinical practice (2018)
Journal Article
Cuthbert, J. J., Gopal, J., Crundall-Goode, A., & Clark, A. L. (2019). Are there patients missing from community heart failure registers? An audit of clinical practice. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 26(3), 204748731881083. https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487318810839

Background General practitioners in the UK are financially incentivised, via the Quality Outcomes Framework, to maintain a record of all patients at their practice with heart failure and manage them appropriately. The prevalence of heart failure rec... Read More about Are there patients missing from community heart failure registers? An audit of clinical practice.

Muscle mass measures and incident osteoporosis in a large cohort of postmenopausal women (2018)
Journal Article
Papageorgiou, M., Sathyapalan, T., & Schutte, R. (2019). Muscle mass measures and incident osteoporosis in a large cohort of postmenopausal women. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle, 10(1), 131-139. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcsm.12359

© 2018 The Authors. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of the Society on Sarcopenia, Cachexia and Wasting Disorders Background: Despite several muscle mass measures being used in the current defi... Read More about Muscle mass measures and incident osteoporosis in a large cohort of postmenopausal women.

Agreement between blood draw techniques for assessing platelet activation by flow cytometry (2018)
Journal Article
Welch, E. L., Crooks, M. G., & Hart, S. P. (2019). Agreement between blood draw techniques for assessing platelet activation by flow cytometry. Platelets, 30(4), 530-534. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537104.2018.1535705

It is widely believed that assays of platelet activation are susceptible to preanalytical variables related to blood draw technique. We assessed platelet activation by whole blood flow cytometry and investigated the effects of: (1) drawing blood into... Read More about Agreement between blood draw techniques for assessing platelet activation by flow cytometry.

Effect of Theophylline as Adjunct to Inhaled Corticosteroids on Exacerbations in Patients with COPD: A Randomized Clinical Trial (2018)
Journal Article
Devereux, G., Cotton, S., Fielding, S., McMeekin, N., Barnes, P. J., Briggs, A., …Price, D. (2018). Effect of Theophylline as Adjunct to Inhaled Corticosteroids on Exacerbations in Patients with COPD: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 320(15), 1548-1559. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.14432

© 2018 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Importance: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major global health issue and theophylline is used extensively. Preclinical investigations have demonstrated that low plasma conce... Read More about Effect of Theophylline as Adjunct to Inhaled Corticosteroids on Exacerbations in Patients with COPD: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Variation in geographical treatment intensity affects survival of non-small cell lung cancer patients in England (2018)
Journal Article
Tataru, D., Spencer, K., Bates, A., Wieczorek, A., Jack, R. H., Peake, M. D., …Lüchtenborg, M. (2018). Variation in geographical treatment intensity affects survival of non-small cell lung cancer patients in England. Cancer epidemiology, 57, 13-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2018.09.001

© 2018 Objectives: We aimed to determine the geographical variation in the proportion of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients undergoing curative treatment and assess the relationship between treatment access rates and survival outcomes. Metho... Read More about Variation in geographical treatment intensity affects survival of non-small cell lung cancer patients in England.

The effect of phytoestrogen on thyroid in subclinical hypothyroidism: Randomized, double blind, crossover study (2018)
Journal Article
Sathyapalan, T., Dawson, A. J., Rigby, A. S., Thatcher, N. J., Kilpatrick, E. S., & Atkin, S. L. (2018). The effect of phytoestrogen on thyroid in subclinical hypothyroidism: Randomized, double blind, crossover study. Frontiers in endocrinology, 9(SEP), Article 531. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00531

Objective: Soy phytoestrogens are suggested to impair thyroid function but the effects of pharmacological doses of soy phytoestrogens are unknown; therefore, this study was performed to determine the effect of high dose soy phytoestrogens (66 mg) on... Read More about The effect of phytoestrogen on thyroid in subclinical hypothyroidism: Randomized, double blind, crossover study.

The impact of heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on mortality in patients presenting with breathlessness (2018)
Journal Article
Cuthbert, J. J., Kearsley, J. W., Kazmi, S., Kallvikbakka-Bennett, A., Weston, J., Davis, J., …Clark, A. L. (2019). The impact of heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on mortality in patients presenting with breathlessness. Clinical Research in Cardiology, 108(2), 185–193. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00392-018-1342-z

© 2018, The Author(s). Background: Differentiating heart failure from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a patient presenting with breathlessness is difficult but may have implications for outcome. We investigated the prognostic impact o... Read More about The impact of heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on mortality in patients presenting with breathlessness.

Perfluorinated alkyl acids in the serum and follicular fluid of UK women with and without polycystic ovarian syndrome undergoing fertility treatment and associations with hormonal and metabolic parameters (2018)
Journal Article
Heffernan, A., Cunningham, T., Drage, D., Aylward, L., Thompson, K., Vijayasarathy, S., …Sathyapalan, T. (2018). Perfluorinated alkyl acids in the serum and follicular fluid of UK women with and without polycystic ovarian syndrome undergoing fertility treatment and associations with hormonal and metabolic parameters. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 221(7), 1068-1075. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.07.009

© 2018 Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) undergoing treatment for infertility could be a sensitive subpopulation for endocrine effects of exposure to perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs), persistent organic pollutants with potential endocri... Read More about Perfluorinated alkyl acids in the serum and follicular fluid of UK women with and without polycystic ovarian syndrome undergoing fertility treatment and associations with hormonal and metabolic parameters.

XII AIST 2018 Conference: "the thousand faces of cough: Clinical and therapeutic updates" (2018)
Journal Article
Zanasi, A., Morselli-Labate, A. M., Mazzolini, M., Mastroroberto, M., Dal Negro, R. W., Poliacek, I., …Tursi, F. (2018). XII AIST 2018 Conference: "the thousand faces of cough: Clinical and therapeutic updates". Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine, 13(1), Article 17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40248-018-0130-y

© 2018 The Author(s). This paper summarizes the presentations submitted for publication of the 12th AIST National Congress (Associazione Italiana Studio Tosse/Italian Association for Cough Study) entitled "The thousand facets of cough. A clinical and... Read More about XII AIST 2018 Conference: "the thousand faces of cough: Clinical and therapeutic updates".

Low serum chloride in patients with chronic heart failure: clinical associations and prognostic significance (2018)
Journal Article
Cuthbert, J. J., Pellicori, P., Rigby, A., Pan, D., Kazmi, S., Shah, P., & Clark, A. L. (2018). Low serum chloride in patients with chronic heart failure: clinical associations and prognostic significance. European journal of heart failure, 20(10), 1426-1435. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.1247

© 2018 The Authors. European Journal of Heart Failure © 2018 European Society of Cardiology Background: Low serum chloride is common in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and is associated with worse outcomes. We investigated the clinical and... Read More about Low serum chloride in patients with chronic heart failure: clinical associations and prognostic significance.

Improved physiology and metabolic flux after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with temporal changes in the circulating microRNAome: A longitudinal study in humans (2018)
Journal Article
Alkandari, A., Ashrafian, H., Sathyapalan, T., Sedman, P., Darzi, A., Holmes, E., …Gooderham, N. J. (2018). Improved physiology and metabolic flux after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with temporal changes in the circulating microRNAome: A longitudinal study in humans. BMC obesity, 5(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0199-z

Background The global pandemic of obesity and the metabolic syndrome are leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Bariatric surgery leads to sustained weight loss and improves obesity-associated morbidity including remission of type 2 diabetes. Mic... Read More about Improved physiology and metabolic flux after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with temporal changes in the circulating microRNAome: A longitudinal study in humans.

Comparison of an oral factor xa inhibitor with low molecular weight heparin in patients with cancer with venous thromboembolism: Results of a randomized trial (SELECT-D) (2018)
Journal Article
Young, A. M., Marshall, A., Thirlwall, J., Chapman, O., Lokare, A., Hill, C., …Levine, M. (2018). Comparison of an oral factor xa inhibitor with low molecular weight heparin in patients with cancer with venous thromboembolism: Results of a randomized trial (SELECT-D). Journal of Clinical Oncology, 36(20), 2017-2023. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2018.78.8034

© 2018 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Purpose Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is common in patients with cancer. Long-term daily subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin has been standard treatment for such patients. The purpose of this stud... Read More about Comparison of an oral factor xa inhibitor with low molecular weight heparin in patients with cancer with venous thromboembolism: Results of a randomized trial (SELECT-D).