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Rectal irrigation for relief of functional bowel disorders (2004)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Marshall, J., & Duthie, G. (2004). Rectal irrigation for relief of functional bowel disorders. Nursing standard : official newspaper of the Royal College of Nursing, 19(9), 39-42. doi:10.7748/ns2004.11.19.9.39.c3755

This article examines the use of rectal irrigation for the symptomatic relief of functional bowel disorders in certain groups of patients. The authors undertook a study of 80 patients and conclude that it is a valuable treatment for some patients.

Neural network analysis of anal sphincter repair (2004)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Kaur, G., Cundall, J., Ilstrup, D. M., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. (2004). Neural network analysis of anal sphincter repair. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 47(2), 192-197. doi:10.1007/s10350-003-0026-5

PURPOSE: Prediction of success after anterior sphincter repair for incontinence is difficult. Standard multivariate analysis techniques have only 75 to 80 percent accuracy. Artificial intelligence, including artificial neural networks, has been used... Read More