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Early results of a rotational flap to treat chronic anal fissures (2004)
Journal Article
Singh, M., Sharma, A., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. S. (2005). Early results of a rotational flap to treat chronic anal fissures. International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 20(4), (339-342). doi:10.1007/s00384-004-0663-8. ISSN 0179-1958

Background: Treatment of anal fissures has changed dramatically in the past decade. Only a few fail to respond to medical therapy. Sphincterotomy and anal dilatation have fallen out of favour due to the risk of incontinence. Island flaps have been pr... Read More

Rectal irrigation for relief of functional bowel disorders (2004)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Marshall, J., & Duthie, G. (2004). Rectal irrigation for relief of functional bowel disorders. Nursing standard : official newspaper of the Royal College of Nursing, 19(9), 39-42. doi:10.7748/ns2004.11.19.9.39.c3755

This article examines the use of rectal irrigation for the symptomatic relief of functional bowel disorders in certain groups of patients. The authors undertook a study of 80 patients and conclude that it is a valuable treatment for some patients.

Bridging the gap between mechanistic and adaptive explanations of territory formation (2004)
Journal Article
Morrell, L. J., & Kokko, H. (2005). Bridging the gap between mechanistic and adaptive explanations of territory formation. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 57(4), (381-390). doi:10.1007/s00265-004-0859-5. ISSN 0340-5443

How animals divide space can have fundamental implications for the population dynamics of territorial species. It has recently been proposed that space can be divided if animals tend to avoid fight locations, rather than the winner of fights gaining... Read More

Self-esteem and mental health during early pregnancy (2004)
Journal Article
Jomeen, J., & Martin, C. R. (2005). Self-esteem and mental health during early pregnancy. Clinical Effectiveness in Nursing, 9(1-2), (92-95). doi:10.1016/j.cein.2004.09.001. ISSN 1361-9004

Objective.The relationship of self-esteem to other indicators of psychological distress such as anxiety and depression has seldom been explored in relation to antenatal care. However, there is increasing evidence that low self-esteem has a significan... Read More

Controllability and elimination of impulsive modes in descriptor systems (2004)
Journal Article
Hou, M. (2004). Controllability and elimination of impulsive modes in descriptor systems. IEEE transactions on automatic control, 49(10), 1723-1729. doi:10.1109/TAC.2004.835392

As a refined notion, impulsive-mode controllability is suggested for the general class of linear continuous descriptor systems. This notion reveals rich properties of the general descriptor systems in terms of admissibility of initial conditions, adm... Read More

A time for progress? (2004)
Journal Article
Connelly, J. (2004). A time for progress?. History and theory, 43(3), 410-422. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2303.2004.00292.x

High pressure as a tool to tune electronic coupling in self-assembled quantum dot nanostructures (2004)
Journal Article
Itskevich, I. E., Rybchenko, S. I., Andreev, A. D., Cahill, J., Tartakovskii, A. I., Skolnick, M. S., …Hopkinson, M. (2004). High pressure as a tool to tune electronic coupling in self-assembled quantum dot nanostructures. physica status solidi (b), 241(14), 3257-3262. doi:10.1002/pssb.200405235

High pressure provides an efficient way of controlling the electronic properties of semiconductor nanostructures. We use pressure to tune electronic coupling in stacks of self-assembled quantum dots (SAQDs). The coupling occurs as soon as the distanc... Read More

Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate complex healthcare interventions - A case study (2004)
Journal Article
Wong, I. C. K. (2004). Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate complex healthcare interventions - A case study. Pharmacy world & science : PWS, 26(5), 247-252. doi:10.1023/B:PHAR.0000042920.34663.04

In 2001 the UK National Health Service (NHS) issued its National Service Framework for the Elderly (NSF-E). This identified the elderly as a vulnerable group needing a high level of pharmaceutical intervention. As such, the NSF-E outlined plans to im... Read More

The importance of assessing psychological status during pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period as a multidimensional construct: a literature review (2004)
Journal Article
Jomeen, J. (2004). The importance of assessing psychological status during pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period as a multidimensional construct: a literature review. Clinical Effectiveness in Nursing, 8(3-4), (143-155). doi:10.1016/j.cein.2005.02.001. ISSN 1361-9004

This paper presents a comprehensive review of the literature surrounding women's psychological health in pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal periods. The content will provide clinically useful information to midwives and health care professionals... Read More

Least squares ellipsoid specific fitting (2004)
Conference Proceeding
Li, Q., & Griffiths, J. (2004). Least squares ellipsoid specific fitting. In Geometric Modeling and Processing, 2004. Proceedings, 335 - 340. doi:10.1109/gmap.2004.1290055

In this paper, a sufficient condition for a quadric surface to be an ellipsoid has been developed and a closed-form solution for ellipsoid fitting is developed based on this constraint, which is a best fit to the given data amongst those ellipsoids w... Read More

Craig, Edith Ailsa Geraldine (1869-1947) (2004)
Book Chapter
Cockin, K. (2004). Craig, Edith Ailsa Geraldine (1869-1947). In Oxford dictionary of national biographyOxford University Press (OUP). doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/39083