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Factorial validity of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48 (2012)
Journal Article
Perry, J. L., Clough, P. J., Crust, L., Earle, K., & Nicholls, A. R. (2013). Factorial validity of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48. Personality and individual differences, 54(5), (587-592). doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.11.020. ISSN 0191-8869

The purpose of this study was to assess the factorial validity of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48 (Clough, Earle, & Sewell, 2002). In total, 8207 participants (male n= 4019, female n= 3922, unspecified = 266) aged between 16 and 68. years (M=... Read More

Gender differences in stress, appraisal, and coping during golf putting (2012)
Journal Article
Kaiseler, M., Nicholls, A. R., Polman, R. C., & Nicholls, A. (2012). Gender differences in stress, appraisal, and coping during golf putting. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11(3), 258-272. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197x.2013.749004

Gender differences in coping in sport have received increased attention, but cross-sectional and retrospective designs of studies have provided equivocal results and limited conclusions in the area. To address this gap, two studies were conducted inv... Read More

Gender differences in appraisal and coping: an examination of the situational and dispositional hypothesis (2012)
Journal Article
Polman, R., & Nicholls, A. (2012). Gender differences in appraisal and coping: an examination of the situational and dispositional hypothesis. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 43(1), (41640). ISSN 0047-0767

Gender differences in coping in sport have received increased attention, but cross-sectional and retrospective designs of studies have provided equivocal results and limited conclusions in the area. To address this gap, two studies were conducted inv... Read More