Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Comparing the distribution of strains with the distribution of bone tissue in a human mandible: a finite element study (2012)
Journal Article
Gröning, F., Fagan, M., & O'Higgins, P. (2013). Comparing the distribution of strains with the distribution of bone tissue in a human mandible: a finite element study. Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, 296(1), 9-18. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.22597

Comparative anatomy and experimental studies suggest that the mass and distribution of tissue within a bone is adapted to the strains the bone experiences during function. Finite element analysis is a powerful tool that can be used to investigate thi... Read More

Masticatory loadings and cranial deformation in Macaca fascicularis: a finite element analysis sensitivity study (2012)
Journal Article
Fitton, L. C., Shi, J. F., Fagan, M. J., & O'Higgins, P. (2012). Masticatory loadings and cranial deformation in Macaca fascicularis: a finite element analysis sensitivity study. Journal of anatomy, 221(1), 55-68. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7580.2012.01516.x

Biomechanical analyses are commonly conducted to investigate how craniofacial form relates to function, particularly in relation to dietary adaptations. However, in the absence of corresponding muscle activation patterns, incomplete muscle data recor... Read More

Developing a musculoskeletal model of the primate skull: Predicting muscle activations, bite force, and joint reaction forces using multibody dynamics analysis and advanced optimisation methods (2012)
Journal Article
Shi, J., Curtis, N., Fitton, L. C., O'Higgins, P., & Fagan, M. J. (2012). Developing a musculoskeletal model of the primate skull: Predicting muscle activations, bite force, and joint reaction forces using multibody dynamics analysis and advanced optimisation methods. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 310, 21-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.06.006

An accurate, dynamic, functional model of the skull that can be used to predict muscle forces, bite forces, and joint reaction forces would have many uses across a broad range of disciplines. One major issue however with musculoskeletal analyses is t... Read More

Shearing Mechanics and the Influence of a Flexible Symphysis During Oral Food Processing in Sphenodon (Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia) (2012)
Journal Article
Jones, M. E. H., Evans, S. E., Curtis, N., O'Higgins, P., & Fagan, M. J. (2012). Shearing Mechanics and the Influence of a Flexible Symphysis During Oral Food Processing in Sphenodon (Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia). Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, 295(7), 1075-1091. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.22487

Intraluminal thrombus has a selective influence on matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases) in the wall of abdominal aortic aneurysms (2012)
Journal Article
Abdul Rahman, M., Mazari, F., Khan, J. A., Madden, L., McCollum, P., Shahin, Y., …Smith, G. (2012). Intraluminal thrombus has a selective influence on matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases) in the wall of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Annals of vascular surgery, 26(3), 322-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2011.08.015

BACKGROUND The influence of intraluminal thrombus (ILT) on the proteolytic environment within the wall of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is unknown. This is the first study to examine the correlation between ILT thickness and the levels of matrix... Read More

Functional evolution of the feeding system in rodents (2012)
Journal Article
Cox, P. G., Rayfield, E. J., Fagan, M. J., Herrel, A., Pataky, T. C., & Jeffery, N. (2012). Functional evolution of the feeding system in rodents. PloS one, 7(4), e36299. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036299

The masticatory musculature of rodents has evolved to enable both gnawing at the incisors and chewing at the molars. In particular, the masseter muscle is highly specialised, having extended anteriorly to originate from the rostrum. All living rodent... Read More

Modeling the human mandible under masticatory loads: which input variables are important? (2012)
Journal Article
Gröning, F., Fagan, M., & O'higgins, P. (2012). Modeling the human mandible under masticatory loads: which input variables are important?. Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, 295(5), 853-863. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.22455

Finite element analyses (FEA) that have simulated masticatory loadings of the human mandible differ significantly with regard to their basic input variables such as material properties, constraints, and applied forces. With sensitivity analyses it is... Read More

Improving the validation of finite element models with quantitative full-field strain comparisons (2012)
Journal Article
Gröning, F., Bright, J. A., Fagan, M. J., & O'Higgins, P. (2012). Improving the validation of finite element models with quantitative full-field strain comparisons. Journal of biomechanics, 45(8), 1498-1506. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2012.02.009

The techniques used to validate finite element (FE) models against experimental results have changed little during the last decades, even though the traditional approach of using single point measurements from strain gauges has major limitations: the... Read More

Comment on "The effects of modelling simplifications on craniofacial finite element models: the alveoli (tooth sockets) and periodontal ligaments" (volume 44, issue 10, pages 1831-1838) (2012)
Journal Article
Gröning, F., & Fagan, M. (2012). Comment on "The effects of modelling simplifications on craniofacial finite element models: the alveoli (tooth sockets) and periodontal ligaments" (volume 44, issue 10, pages 1831-1838). Journal of biomechanics, 45(9), 1749-1750. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.10.042

Small-vocabulary speech recognition using a silent speech interface based on magnetic sensing (2012)
Journal Article
Hofe, R., Ell, S. R., Fagan, M. J., Gilbert, J., Green, P. D., Moore, R. K., & Rybchenko, S. (2013). Small-vocabulary speech recognition using a silent speech interface based on magnetic sensing. Speech communication, 55(1), 22-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.specom.2012.02.001

This paper reports on word recognition experiments using a silent speech interface based on magnetic sensing of articulator movements. A magnetic field was generated by permanent magnet pellets fixed to relevant speech articulators. Magnetic field se... Read More

A novel mathematical model of bone remodelling cycles for trabecular bone at the cellular level (2012)
Journal Article
Ji, B., Genever, P. G., Patton, R. J., Putra, D., & Fagan, M. J. (2012). A novel mathematical model of bone remodelling cycles for trabecular bone at the cellular level. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 11(7), 973-982. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10237-011-0366-3

After an initial phase of growth and development, bone undergoes a continuous cycle of repair, renewal and optimisation by a process called remodelling. This paper describes a novel mathematical model of the trabecular bone remodelling cycle. It is e... Read More