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Reply to comment on the paper “ on a role of quadruple component of magnetic field in defining solar activity in grand cycles” by Usoskin (2017) (2017)
Journal Article
Zharkova, V., Popova, E., Shepherd, S., & Zharkov, S. (2018). Reply to comment on the paper “ on a role of quadruple component of magnetic field in defining solar activity in grand cycles” by Usoskin (2017). Journal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics, 176, 72-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2017.09.019

In this communication we provide our answers to the comments by Usoskin (2017) on our recent paper (Popova et al, 2017a). We show that Principal Component Analysis (PCA) allows us to derive eigen vectors with eigen values assigned to variance of sola... Read More

Beam electrons as a source of Hα flare ribbons (2017)
Journal Article
Druett, M., Scullion, E., Zharkova, V., Matthews, S., Zharkov, S., & Rouppe Van der Voort, L. (2017). Beam electrons as a source of Hα flare ribbons. Nature communications, 8, 13. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15905

The observations of solar flare onsets show rapid increase of hard and soft X-rays, ultra-violet emission with large Doppler blue shifts associated with plasma upflows, and Hα hydrogen emission with red shifts up to 1–4 Å. Modern radiative hydrodynam... Read More

On a role of quadruple component of magnetic field in defining solar activity in grand cycles (2017)
Journal Article
Popova, E., Zharkova, V., Shepherd, S., & Zharkov, S. (2018). On a role of quadruple component of magnetic field in defining solar activity in grand cycles. Journal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics, 176, 61-68. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.05.006

In this paper we revise our prediction of solar activity using a solar background magnetic field as a proxy by the inclusion of eigen vectors of solar magnetic waves produced by quadruple magnetic sources, in addition to the principal eigen modes gen... Read More