University of Hull logo

Optimising feedback interventions for early career professionals: a scoping review and framework (2019)
Journal Article
Mattick, K., Brennan, N., Briscoe, S., Papoutsi, C., & Pearson, M. (2019). Optimising feedback interventions for early career professionals: a scoping review and framework. Medical Education, 53(4), 355-368. https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.13794

Introduction: Meta-analyses have shown that feedback can be a powerful intervention to increase learning and performance but there is significant variability in impact. New trials are adding little to the question of whether feedback interventions ar... Read More

Building programme theory to develop more adaptable and scalable complex interventions: Realist formative process evaluation prior to full trial (2018)
Journal Article
Brand, S. L., Quinn, C., Pearson, M., Lennox, C., Owens, C., Kirkpatrick, T., …Byng, R. (2019). Building programme theory to develop more adaptable and scalable complex interventions: Realist formative process evaluation prior to full trial. Evaluation, 25(2), 149-170. https://doi.org/10.1177/1356389018802134

Medical Research Council guidelines recognise the need to optimise complex interventions prior to full trial through greater understanding of underlying theory and formative process evaluation, yet there are few examples. A realist approach to format... Read More

From programme theory to logic models for multispecialty community providers: a realist evidence synthesis (2018)
Journal Article
Sheaff, R., Brand, S. L., Lloyd, H., Wanner, A., Fornasiero, M., Briscoe, S., …Pearson, M. (2018). From programme theory to logic models for multispecialty community providers: a realist evidence synthesis. Health Services and Delivery Research, 6(24), 1-210. https://doi.org/10.3310/hsdr06240

Background The NHS policy of constructing multispecialty community providers (MCPs) rests on a complex set of assumptions about how health systems can replace hospital use with enhanced primary care for people with complex, chronic or multiple healt... Read More

Interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing of doctors in training (IMPACT): a realist review (2018)
Journal Article
Papoutsi, C., Mattick, K., Pearson, M., Brennan, N., Briscoe, S., & Wong, G. (2018). Interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing of doctors in training (IMPACT): a realist review. Health Services and Delivery Research, 6(10), 1-136. https://doi.org/10.3310/hsdr06100

This review identified a number of implications on how interventions can be developed to enable optimal tailoring, design and implementation of antimicrobial prescribing interventions targeted at doctors-in-training.

Evaluation of a complex intervention (Engager) for prisoners with common mental health problems, near to and after release: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (2018)
Journal Article
Kirkpatrick, T., Lennox, C., Taylor, R., Anderson, R., Maguire, M., Haddad, M., …Byng, R. (2018). Evaluation of a complex intervention (Engager) for prisoners with common mental health problems, near to and after release: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ open, 8(2), e017931. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017931

Introduction The ‘Engager’ programme is a ‘through-the-gate’ intervention designed to support prisoners with common mental health problems as they transition from prison back into the community. The trial will evaluate the clinical and cost-effective... Read More

‘Care Under Pressure’: a realist review of interventions to tackle doctors’ mental ill-health and its impacts on the clinical workforce and patient care (2018)
Journal Article
Carrieri, D., Briscoe, S., Jackson, M., Mattick, K., Papoutsi, C., Pearson, M., & Wong, G. (2018). ‘Care Under Pressure’: a realist review of interventions to tackle doctors’ mental ill-health and its impacts on the clinical workforce and patient care. BMJ open, 8(2), e021273. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021273

Introduction Mental ill-health is prevalent across all groups of health professionals and this is of great concern in many countries. In the UK, the mental health of the National Health Service (NHS) workforce is a major healthcare issue, leading to... Read More

Making sense of evidence: using research training to promote organisational change (2017)
Journal Article
Wilkinson, K., Boyd, K., Pearson, M., Farrimond, H., Lang, I. A., Fleischer, D., …Rappert, B. (2019). Making sense of evidence: using research training to promote organisational change. Police Practice and Research, 20(5), 511-529. https://doi.org/10.1080/15614263.2017.1405266

Many have argued that the development of evidence-based policing (EBP) depends on those in law enforcement agencies receiving appropriate training in research methodologies and data analysis. Despite this, there are few detailed accounts of such trai... Read More

Collaborative action for person-centred coordinated care (P3C): An approach to support the development of a comprehensive system-wide solution to fragmented care (2017)
Journal Article
Lloyd, H. M., Pearson, M., Sheaff, R., Asthana, S., Wheat, H., Sugavanam, T. P., …Byng, R. (2017). Collaborative action for person-centred coordinated care (P3C): An approach to support the development of a comprehensive system-wide solution to fragmented care. Health research policy and systems, 15(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-017-0263-z

Background Fragmented care results in poor outcomes for individuals with complexity of need. Person-centred coordinated care (P3C) is perceived to be a potential solution, but an absence of accessible evidence and the lack of a scalable ‘blue print’... Read More

Towards an understanding of how appraisal of doctors produces its effects: a realist review (2017)
Journal Article
Brennan, N., Bryce, M., Pearson, M., Wong, G., Cooper, C., & Archer, J. (2017). Towards an understanding of how appraisal of doctors produces its effects: a realist review. Medical Education, 51(10), 1002-1013. https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.13348

© 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and The Association for the Study of Medical Education Context: Revalidation was launched in the UK to provide assurances to the public that doctors are up to date and fit to practice. Appraisal is a fundamental compone... Read More

Social and professional influences on antimicrobial prescribing for doctors-in-training: A realist review (2017)
Journal Article
Papoutsi, C., Mattick, K., Pearson, M., Brennan, N., Briscoe, S., & Wong, G. (2017). Social and professional influences on antimicrobial prescribing for doctors-in-training: A realist review. The journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 72(9), 2418-2430. https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkx194

Background Antimicrobial resistance has led to widespread implementation of interventions for appropriate prescribing. However, such interventions are often adopted without an adequate understanding of the challenges facing doctors-in-training as key... Read More

Improving Hospital at Home for frail older people: insights from a quality improvement project to achieve change across regional health and social care sectors (2017)
Journal Article
Pearson, M., Hemsley, A., Blackwell, R., Pegg, L., & Custerson, L. (2017). Improving Hospital at Home for frail older people: insights from a quality improvement project to achieve change across regional health and social care sectors. BMC health services research, 17(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2334-9

© 2017 The Author(s). Background: Against a background of rising numbers of frail older people, there is a need to improve quality and safety of services whilst containing costs. Improving patient outcomes requires change across hospital and communit... Read More

Opportunities, challenges and concerns for the implementation and uptake of pelvic floor muscle assessment and exercises during the childbearing years: Protocol for a critical interpretive synthesis (2017)
Journal Article
Salmon, V. E., Hay-Smith, E. J. C., Jarvie, R., Dean, S., Oborn, E., Bayliss, S. E., …Pearson, M. (2017). Opportunities, challenges and concerns for the implementation and uptake of pelvic floor muscle assessment and exercises during the childbearing years: Protocol for a critical interpretive synthesis. Systematic reviews, 6(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-017-0420-z

© 2017 The Author(s). Background: Pregnancy and childbirth are important risk factors for urinary incontinence (UI) in women. Pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) are effective for prevention of UI. Guidelines for the management of UI recommend offer... Read More

Can "realist" randomised controlled trials be genuinely realist? (2016)
Journal Article
Van Belle, S., Wong, G., Westhorp, G., Pearson, M., Emmel, N., Manzano, A., & Marchal, B. (2016). Can "realist" randomised controlled trials be genuinely realist?. Trials, 17(1), doi:10.1186/s13063-016-1407-0

In this paper, we respond to a paper by Jamal and colleagues published in Trials in October 2015 and take an opportunity to continue the much-needed debate about what applied scientific realism is. The paper by Jamal et al. is useful because it expos... Read More

Improving the Reporting of Health and Psychological Research (2016)
Journal Article
Fuller, T. E., Pearson, M., & Peters, J. (2016). Improving the Reporting of Health and Psychological Research. Australian Psychologist, 51(3), 182-187. doi:10.1111/ap.12135

A growing body of empirical evidence has consistently demonstrated that much publically and privately funded research is reported in a way that makes it difficult for the findings to be included in evidence syntheses or used by researchers, clinician... Read More

How can frontline expertise and new models of care best contribute to safely reducing avoidable acute admissions? A mixed-methods study of four acute hospitals (2016)
Report
Pinkney, J., Rance, S., Benger, J., Brant, H., Joel-Edgar, S., Swancutt, D., …Byng, R. (2016). How can frontline expertise and new models of care best contribute to safely reducing avoidable acute admissions? A mixed-methods study of four acute hospitals. NIHR HSDR

Background Hospital emergency admissions have risen annually, exacerbating pressures on emergency departments (EDs) and acute medical units. These pressures have an adverse impact on patient experience and potentially lead to suboptimal clinical dec... Read More

Implementing health promotion programmes in schools: A realist systematic review of research and experience in the United Kingdom (2015)
Journal Article
Pearson, M., Chilton, R., Wyatt, K., Abraham, C., Ford, T., Woods, H., & Anderson, R. (2015). Implementing health promotion programmes in schools: A realist systematic review of research and experience in the United Kingdom. Implementation Science, 10(1), doi:10.1186/s13012-015-0338-6

Background Schools have long been viewed as a good setting in which to encourage healthy lifestyles amongst children, and schools in many countries aspire to more comprehensive, integrated approaches to health promotion. Recent reviews have identifie... Read More

Interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing of doctors in training: The IMPACT (IMProving Antimicrobial presCribing of doctors in Training) realist review (2015)
Journal Article
Wong, G., Brennan, N., Mattick, K., Pearson, M., Briscoe, S., & Papoutsi, C. (2015). Interventions to improve antimicrobial prescribing of doctors in training: The IMPACT (IMProving Antimicrobial presCribing of doctors in Training) realist review. BMJ open, 5(10), e009059. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009059

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance has been described as a global crisis-more prudent prescribing is part of the solution. Behaviour change interventions are needed to improve prescribing practice. Presently, the literature documents that context... Read More

Using realist review to inform intervention development: Methodological illustration and conceptual platform for collaborative care in offender mental health (2015)
Journal Article
Pearson, M., Brand, S. L., Quinn, C., Shaw, J., Maguire, M., Michie, S., …Byng, R. (2015). Using realist review to inform intervention development: Methodological illustration and conceptual platform for collaborative care in offender mental health. Implementation Science, 10(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-015-0321-2

Background This paper reports how we used a realist review, as part of a wider project to improve collaborative mental health care for prisoners with common mental health problems, to develop a conceptual platform. The importance of offenders gaining... Read More