Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Resistance training as a treatment for older persons with peripheral artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Parmenter, B. J., Mavros, Y., Ritti Dias, R., King, S., & Fiatarone Singh, M. (2019). Resistance training as a treatment for older persons with peripheral artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. British journal of sports medicine, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100205

Objective: Resistance training (RT) improves walking ability in persons with peripheral artery disease. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effect of RT on peripheral artery disease (as measured by wa... Read More about Resistance training as a treatment for older persons with peripheral artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Alternate stair descent strategies for reducing joint moment demands in older individuals (2018)
Journal Article
King, S. L., Underdown, T., Reeves, N. D., Baltzopoulos, V., & Maganaris, C. N. (2018). Alternate stair descent strategies for reducing joint moment demands in older individuals. Journal of biomechanics, 78, 126-133. doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.07.029

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Descending stairs requires elevated joint moment-generating capability in the lower limbs, making it a challenging daily activity, particularly for older individuals. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of three... Read More about Alternate stair descent strategies for reducing joint moment demands in older individuals.

Joint moment strategies during stair descent in patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication (2018)
Journal Article
King, S. L., Vanicek, N., & O'Brien, T. D. (2018). Joint moment strategies during stair descent in patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication. Gait and Posture, 62, 359-365. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.03.035

Objective To determine the lower limb joint kinetic strategies during stair descent in claudicants with peripheral arterial disease (PAD-IC). Design Cross-sectional observation study. Setting University laboratory. Participants A total of 22 parti... Read More about Joint moment strategies during stair descent in patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication.

Reduction of frontal plane knee load caused by lateral trunk lean depends on step width (2018)
Journal Article
Anderson, J., King, S., Przybyla, A., Ranganath, L., & Barton, G. (2018). Reduction of frontal plane knee load caused by lateral trunk lean depends on step width. Gait and Posture, 61, 483-487. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.02.022

The internal knee abduction moment (KAM) in osteoarthritis is reduced by increased lateral trunk lean (TL). Mechanistically, this occurs as the Centre of Mass (COM) moves further over the stance leg. Since the size of the base of support constrains t... Read More about Reduction of frontal plane knee load caused by lateral trunk lean depends on step width.

Sagittal plane joint kinetics during stair ascent in patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication (2017)
Journal Article
King, S. L., Vanicek, N., & O'Brien, T. D. (2017). Sagittal plane joint kinetics during stair ascent in patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication. Gait and Posture, 55, 81-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.03.029

Stair negotiation poses a substantial physical demand on the musculoskeletal system and this challenging task can place individuals at risk of falls. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can cause intermittent claudication (IC) pain in the calf and resu... Read More about Sagittal plane joint kinetics during stair ascent in patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication.

Interpreting sources of variation in clinical gait analysis: A case study (2016)
Journal Article
King, S. L., Barton, G. J., & Ranganath, L. R. (2017). Interpreting sources of variation in clinical gait analysis: A case study. Gait and Posture, 52, 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.10.022

© 2016 Objective To illustrate and discuss sources of gait deviations (experimental, genuine and intentional) during a gait analysis and how these deviations inform clinical decision making. Methods A case study of a 24-year old male diagnosed with A... Read More about Interpreting sources of variation in clinical gait analysis: A case study.

Gastrocnemius muscle architecture and achilles tendon properties influence walking distance in claudicants with peripheral arterial disease (2016)
Journal Article
O'brien, T. D., King, S. L., & Vanicek, N. (2016). Gastrocnemius muscle architecture and achilles tendon properties influence walking distance in claudicants with peripheral arterial disease. Muscle & nerve, 53(5), 733-741. doi:10.1002/mus.24925

© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Introduction: The extent to which gastrocnemius muscle and Achilles tendon properties contribute to the impaired walking endurance of claudicants is not known. Methods: Ultrasound images quantified muscle architecture o... Read More about Gastrocnemius muscle architecture and achilles tendon properties influence walking distance in claudicants with peripheral arterial disease.

Dynamic muscle quality of the plantar flexors is impaired in claudicant patients with peripheral arterial disease and associated with poorer walking endurance (2015)
Journal Article
King, S., Vanicek, N., & O'Brien, T. D. (2015). Dynamic muscle quality of the plantar flexors is impaired in claudicant patients with peripheral arterial disease and associated with poorer walking endurance. Journal of vascular surgery, 62(3), 689-697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2015.03.039

Objective Peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication (PAD-IC) negatively affects physical activity and function. There is evidence for plantarflexor muscle dysfunction and weakness; however, the extent to which this dysfunction can be... Read More about Dynamic muscle quality of the plantar flexors is impaired in claudicant patients with peripheral arterial disease and associated with poorer walking endurance.

Age-related deviation of gait from normality in alkaptonuria (2015)
Journal Article
Barton, G. J., King, S. L., Robinson, M. A., Hawken, M. B., & Ranganath, L. R. (2015). Age-related deviation of gait from normality in alkaptonuria. JIMD Reports, 24, 39-44. https://doi.org/10.1007/8904_2015_431

Alkaptonuria is a rare metabolic disease leading to systemic changes including early and severe arthropathy which affects mobility. For unknown reasons, the onset of degenerative changes is delayed to around 30 years of age when both objective and su... Read More about Age-related deviation of gait from normality in alkaptonuria.

The effect of a 3-month supervised exercise programme on gait parameters of patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication (2012)
Journal Article
King, S., Vanicek, N., Mockford, K. A., & Coughlin, P. A. (2012). The effect of a 3-month supervised exercise programme on gait parameters of patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication. Clinical biomechanics, 27(8), (845-851). doi:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2012.05.002. ISSN 0268-0033

Background The management of peripheral arterial disease with intermittent claudication includes angioplasty, pharmaceutical therapy, risk factor modification and exercise therapy. Supervised exercise programmes are used sporadically but may improve... Read More about The effect of a 3-month supervised exercise programme on gait parameters of patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication.