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Dr Philip Langley

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Philip Langley

Senior Lecturer/ Admissions Tutor (Engineering)


Multi-beat averaging reveals u waves are ubiquitous and standing tall at elevated heart rates following exercise (2020)
Journal Article
Al-Karadi, M. S., & Langley, P. (2020). Multi-beat averaging reveals u waves are ubiquitous and standing tall at elevated heart rates following exercise. Sensors, 20(14), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20144029

The reporting of U wave abnormalities is clinically important, but the measurement of this small electrocardiographic (ECG) feature is extremely difficult, especially in challenging recording conditions, such as stress exercise, due to contaminating... Read More about Multi-beat averaging reveals u waves are ubiquitous and standing tall at elevated heart rates following exercise.

The effect of beat interval on ventricular repolarisation in atrial fibrillation (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Al-Karadi, M. S., Wilkinson, A. J., & Langley, P. (2019). The effect of beat interval on ventricular repolarisation in atrial fibrillation. doi:10.22489/CinC.2018.294

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterised by rapid beat interval changes. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of such changes on ECG ventricular repolarisation characteristics. In 10 AF recordings beat averaging of lead V4 was used to... Read More about The effect of beat interval on ventricular repolarisation in atrial fibrillation.

Validation of an algorithm to reveal the U wave in atrial fibrillation (2018)
Journal Article
Al-Karadi, M. S., Wilkinson, A. J., Caldwell, J., & Langley, P. (2018). Validation of an algorithm to reveal the U wave in atrial fibrillation. Scientific reports, 8(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-30493-8

Major cardiac organisations recommend U wave abnormalities should be reported during ECG interpretation. However, U waves cannot be measured in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) due to the obscuring fibrillatory wave. The aim was to validate a U... Read More about Validation of an algorithm to reveal the U wave in atrial fibrillation.

Heart sound classification from unsegmented phonocardiograms (2017)
Journal Article
Langley, P., & Murray, A. (2017). Heart sound classification from unsegmented phonocardiograms. Physiological Measurement, 38(8), 1658-1670. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6579/aa724c

Objective Most algorithms for automated analysis of phonocardiograms (PCG) require segmentation of the signal into the characteristic heart sounds. The aim was to assess the feasibility for accurate classification of heart sounds on short, unsegmente... Read More about Heart sound classification from unsegmented phonocardiograms.

Novel non-invasive algorithm to identify the origins of re-entry and ectopic foci in the atria from 64-lead ECGs. A computational study (2017)
Journal Article
Alday, E. A. P., Colman, M. A., Langley, P., & Zhang, H. (2017). Novel non-invasive algorithm to identify the origins of re-entry and ectopic foci in the atria from 64-lead ECGs. A computational study. PLoS computational biology, 13(3), e1005270. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005270

Atrial tachy-arrhytmias, such as atrial fibrillation (AF), are characterised by irregular electrical activity in the atria, generally associated with erratic excitation underlain by re-entrant scroll waves, fibrillatory conduction of multiple wavelet... Read More about Novel non-invasive algorithm to identify the origins of re-entry and ectopic foci in the atria from 64-lead ECGs. A computational study.

Accuracy of pulse interval timing in ambulatory blood pressure measurement (2016)
Journal Article
Kane, S. A., Blake, J. R., McArdle, F. J., Langley, P., & Sims, A. J. (2016). Accuracy of pulse interval timing in ambulatory blood pressure measurement. Scientific reports, 6(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/srep37472

Blood pressure (BP) monitors rely on pulse detection. Some blood pressure monitors use pulse timings to analyse pulse interval variability for arrhythmia screening, but this assumes that the pulse interval timings detected from BP cuffs are accurate... Read More about Accuracy of pulse interval timing in ambulatory blood pressure measurement.

A study on stability analysis of atrial repolarization variability using ARX model in sinus rhythm and atrial tachycardia ECGs (2016)
Journal Article
Sivaraman, J., Uma, G., Langley, P., Umapathy, M., Venkatesan, S., & Palanikumar, G. (2016). A study on stability analysis of atrial repolarization variability using ARX model in sinus rhythm and atrial tachycardia ECGs. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 137, 341-351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmpb.2016.10.005

© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd Background The interaction between the PTa and PP interval dynamics from the surface ECG is seldom explained. Mathematical modeling of these intervals is of interest in finding the relationship between the heart rate and r... Read More about A study on stability analysis of atrial repolarization variability using ARX model in sinus rhythm and atrial tachycardia ECGs.

The atrial T wave: The elusive electrocardiographic wave exposed by a case of shifting atrial pacemaker (2016)
Journal Article
Langley, P., & Caldwell, J. (2016). The atrial T wave: The elusive electrocardiographic wave exposed by a case of shifting atrial pacemaker. Journal of Electrocardiology, 49(4), 557-559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2016.05.003

The atrial T wave (Ta wave) is the body surface manifestation of atrial repolarisation and, unlike the P wave (atrial depolarisation), is little recognised. We report the case of a patient with shifting pacemaker which clearly demonstrates the effect... Read More about The atrial T wave: The elusive electrocardiographic wave exposed by a case of shifting atrial pacemaker.

Opportunistic detection of atrial fibrillation using blood pressure monitors: a systematic review (2016)
Journal Article
Kane, S. A., Blake, J. R., McArdle, F. J., Langley, P., & Sims, A. J. (2016). Opportunistic detection of atrial fibrillation using blood pressure monitors: a systematic review. Open heart, 3(1), e000362. https://doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2015-000362

Background: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) affects around 2% of the population and early detection is beneficial, allowing patients to begin potentially life-saving anticoagulant therapies. Blood pressure (BP) monitors may offer an opportunity to screen fo... Read More about Opportunistic detection of atrial fibrillation using blood pressure monitors: a systematic review.

A non-invasive, home-based EEG hypoglycaemia warning system for personal monitoring using skin surface electrodes : a single-case feasibility study (2016)
Journal Article
Clewett, C. J., Langley, P., Bateson, A. D., Asghar, A., & Wilkinson, A. J. (2016). A non-invasive, home-based EEG hypoglycaemia warning system for personal monitoring using skin surface electrodes : a single-case feasibility study. Health Technology Letters, 3(1), 2-5. https://doi.org/10.1049/htl.2015.0037

Hypoglycaemia unawareness is a common condition associated with increased risk of severe hypoglycaemia. The purpose of the authors' study was to develop a simple to use, home-based and non-invasive hypoglycaemia warning system based on electroencepha... Read More about A non-invasive, home-based EEG hypoglycaemia warning system for personal monitoring using skin surface electrodes : a single-case feasibility study.