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Outputs (14)

The Evolution of Scientific Visualisations: A Case Study Approach to Big Data for Varied Audiences (2022)
Book Chapter
Lunn, A. J., Shaw, V., & Winder, I. C. (2022). The Evolution of Scientific Visualisations: A Case Study Approach to Big Data for Varied Audiences. In L. Shapiro, & P. M. Rea (Eds.), Biomedical Visualisation (51-84). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-10889-1_3

Visual representations of complex data are a cornerstone of how scientific information is shared. By taking large quantities of data and creating accessible visualisations that show relationships, patterns, outliers, and conclusions, important resear... Read More about The Evolution of Scientific Visualisations: A Case Study Approach to Big Data for Varied Audiences.

Anatomy in Ancient China: How Acupuncture Meridians Were First Identified (2021)
Journal Article
Shaw, V., & Winder, I. C. (2021). Anatomy in Ancient China: How Acupuncture Meridians Were First Identified. Acupuncture in Physiotherapy : Journal of the Acupuncture Association of Chartered Physiotherapists, 33(2), Article 11-18

Acupuncture meridians are usually considered esoteric structures which serve as conduits for invisible Qi or life force. We argue, however, that the earliest texts describing meridians, the Mawangdui medical manuscripts, are in fact an anatomical atl... Read More about Anatomy in Ancient China: How Acupuncture Meridians Were First Identified.

The vertebral artery blood supply to the brain and its relationship with cognition across the taxonomic classes: Mammalia and Aves (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Lunn, A., Winder, I. C., & Shaw, V. (2021, July). The vertebral artery blood supply to the brain and its relationship with cognition across the taxonomic classes: Mammalia and Aves. Poster presented at Anatomical Society Summer Meeting 2021: Cutting Edge Anatomy, Glasgow

Human brains require the most energy per unit of mass of any animal and also have the largest cortical neuron count, which is afforded by having the largest primate brain and abiding by economic scaling rules. Cortical neuron count is one of the most... Read More about The vertebral artery blood supply to the brain and its relationship with cognition across the taxonomic classes: Mammalia and Aves.

The Virtual Dissection Room: Live-streamed Demonstrations to Complement Recorded Lectures (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Shaw, V., & Winder, I. C. (2021, January). The Virtual Dissection Room: Live-streamed Demonstrations to Complement Recorded Lectures. Presented at Anatomical Society Virtual Winter Meeting: Vision and Visualisation, Newcastle

Complying with the constraints on class size created by social distancing meant that in Bangor, it was not possible to have in-person cadaveric teaching this year. This had the biggest impact on the second-year Medical Sciences students, and the firs... Read More about The Virtual Dissection Room: Live-streamed Demonstrations to Complement Recorded Lectures.

Hiding in Plain Sight-Ancient Chinese Anatomy (2020)
Journal Article
Shaw, V., Diogo, R., & Winder, I. C. (2020). Hiding in Plain Sight-Ancient Chinese Anatomy. Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.24503

For thousands of years, scientists have studied human anatomy by dissecting bodies. Our knowledge of their findings is limited, however, both by the subsequent loss of many of the oldest texts, and by a tendency towards a Eurocentric perspective in m... Read More about Hiding in Plain Sight-Ancient Chinese Anatomy.

Acupuncture in the Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia (2020)
Journal Article
Edwards, J., & Shaw, V. (2021). Acupuncture in the Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia. Acupuncture in Medicine, 39(3), 192-199. https://doi.org/10.1177/0964528420924042

Aims To assess the standing of acupuncture as a clinical tool in the management of trigeminal neuralgia against the current first-line drug and the most effective surgery. Methods Data regarding efficacy, side effects, and cost were compiled for... Read More about Acupuncture in the Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia.

The sternalis – more common than we believe? A cadaveric study (2016)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Krishnan, J. V., Brittain, J., Gabriel, J., Murphy, T., Reid, M. D., Shaw, V., & Smith, C. F. (2016, December). The sternalis – more common than we believe? A cadaveric study. Presented at Anatomical Society Winter meeting. King's College London, 2016. Understanding Anatomy Through Embryology, London, UK

Introduction The sternalis is a normal anatomical variant that is typically poorly understood and not taught at undergraduate level. It is a thin, para‐sternal strap muscle that originates from the upper sternum and infra‐clavicular region with vari... Read More about The sternalis – more common than we believe? A cadaveric study.

Was acupuncture developed by Han Dynasty Chinese anatomists? (2016)
Journal Article
Shaw, V., & Mclennan, A. K. (2016). Was acupuncture developed by Han Dynasty Chinese anatomists?. Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, 299(5), 643-659. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.23325

Anatomical dissection has begun to reveal striking similarities between gross anatomical structures and the system of nomenclature used in traditional Chinese acupuncture. This paper argues that acupuncture point nomenclature is rooted in systematic... Read More about Was acupuncture developed by Han Dynasty Chinese anatomists?.

Divided maxillary artery in relation to the lateral pterygoid muscle (2015)
Journal Article
Aland, R. C., & Shaw, V. (2016). Divided maxillary artery in relation to the lateral pterygoid muscle. Anatomical Science International, 91(2), 207-210. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12565-015-0289-7

We describe an anatomical variation of the right maxillary artery. The variation loops deep, giving off a middle meningeal artery with an extremely short extracranial segment, then bifurcates into unequal branches. The smaller branch passes superfici... Read More about Divided maxillary artery in relation to the lateral pterygoid muscle.

Meridians Under the Skin (2014)
Journal Article
Shaw, V., & Aland, R. C. (2014). Meridians Under the Skin. European Journal of Oriental Medicine, 7(6),

The physical nature of the acupuncture meridian system is currently the subject of enquiry. The original structural descriptions for the meridian system contained in the Huang Di Nei Jing, The Yellow Emperor's Canon of Internal Medicine, are detailed... Read More about Meridians Under the Skin.

The Anatomical Accuracy of the Robber King Ou Xi Fan (and his 56 dissected gang members) (2014)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Shaw, V. (2014, December). The Anatomical Accuracy of the Robber King Ou Xi Fan (and his 56 dissected gang members). Poster presented at Joint Meeting of the Anatomical Society and the Primate Society of Great Britain: Primate Ecomorpholgy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

Anatomical drawings have formed the cornerstone of anatomical education in the West for centuries before the arrival of photography, the internet and virtual resources. The images in Vesalius’ On the Fabric of the Human Body and later in Gray’s Anato... Read More about The Anatomical Accuracy of the Robber King Ou Xi Fan (and his 56 dissected gang members).

A previously undescribed dorsal branch of the anterior interosseous nerve (2014)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Shaw, V., & Morris, J. (2014, July). A previously undescribed dorsal branch of the anterior interosseous nerve. Poster presented at Anatomical Society Summer Meeting: Skin and Bones, Bradford, UK

The path of the anterior interosseous nerve is commonly described as passing along the deep compartment of the volar aspect of the forearm where it innervates the muscles in that compartment including pronator quadratus. Previous electromyographi... Read More about A previously undescribed dorsal branch of the anterior interosseous nerve.

Chōng meridian an ancient Chinese description of the vascular system? (2014)
Journal Article
Shaw, V. (2014). Chōng meridian an ancient Chinese description of the vascular system?. Acupuncture in Medicine, 32(3), 279-285. https://doi.org/10.1136/acupmed-2013-010496

The objectives of this research are, first, to establish if the extraordinary acupuncture meridian known as Chōng, Penetrating Vessel or Sea of Blood, is in essence a description of certain macroscopic parts of the underlying vascular system and, sec... Read More about Chōng meridian an ancient Chinese description of the vascular system?.

Chong Acupuncture Meridian, An Ancient Chinese Description of the Vascular System? (2013)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Shaw, V. (2013, December). Chong Acupuncture Meridian, An Ancient Chinese Description of the Vascular System?. Presented at Anatomical Society Winter Meeting 2013: Assessment Within Medical Education & Sense Organs, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

The positioning of the acupuncture points in acupuncture is based upon a particular anatomical map known as the jıng luo經絡(meridian network system) which has no obvious correlate in modern anatomy. The generally accepted scholarly opinion is that t... Read More about Chong Acupuncture Meridian, An Ancient Chinese Description of the Vascular System?.