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Comment on "The effects of modelling simplifications on craniofacial finite element models: the alveoli (tooth sockets) and periodontal ligaments" (volume 44, issue 10, pages 1831-1838) (2012)
Journal Article
Gröning, F., & Fagan, M. (2012). Comment on "The effects of modelling simplifications on craniofacial finite element models: the alveoli (tooth sockets) and periodontal ligaments" (volume 44, issue 10, pages 1831-1838). Journal of biomechanics, 45(9), 1749-1750. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.10.042

Small-vocabulary speech recognition using a silent speech interface based on magnetic sensing (2012)
Journal Article
Hofe, R., Ell, S. R., Fagan, M. J., Gilbert, J., Green, P. D., Moore, R. K., & Rybchenko, S. (2013). Small-vocabulary speech recognition using a silent speech interface based on magnetic sensing. Speech communication, 55(1), 22-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.specom.2012.02.001

This paper reports on word recognition experiments using a silent speech interface based on magnetic sensing of articulator movements. A magnetic field was generated by permanent magnet pellets fixed to relevant speech articulators. Magnetic field se... Read More about Small-vocabulary speech recognition using a silent speech interface based on magnetic sensing.

A novel mathematical model of bone remodelling cycles for trabecular bone at the cellular level (2012)
Journal Article
Ji, B., Genever, P. G., Patton, R. J., Putra, D., & Fagan, M. J. (2012). A novel mathematical model of bone remodelling cycles for trabecular bone at the cellular level. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 11(7), 973-982. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10237-011-0366-3

After an initial phase of growth and development, bone undergoes a continuous cycle of repair, renewal and optimisation by a process called remodelling. This paper describes a novel mathematical model of the trabecular bone remodelling cycle. It is e... Read More about A novel mathematical model of bone remodelling cycles for trabecular bone at the cellular level.

Speech synthesis parameter generation for the assistive silent speech interface MVOCA (2011)
Journal Article
Hofe, R., Ell, S. R., Fagan, M. J., Gilbert, J. M., Green, P. D., Moore, R. K., & Rybchenko, S. I. (2011). Speech synthesis parameter generation for the assistive silent speech interface MVOCA

In previous publications, a silent speech interface based on permanent-magnetic articulography (PMA) has been introduced and evaluated using standard automatic speech recognition techniques. However, word recognition is a task that is computationally... Read More about Speech synthesis parameter generation for the assistive silent speech interface MVOCA.

Functional relationship between skull form and feeding mechanics in Sphenodon, and implications for diapsid skull development (2011)
Journal Article
Curtis, N., Jones, M. E. H., Shi, J., O'Higgins, P., Evans, S. E., & Fagan, M. J. (2011). Functional relationship between skull form and feeding mechanics in Sphenodon, and implications for diapsid skull development. PLoS ONE, 6(12), Article ARTN e29804. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029804

The vertebrate skull evolved to protect the brain and sense organs, but with the appearance of jaws and associated forces there was a remarkable structural diversification. This suggests that the evolution of skull form may be linked to these forces,... Read More about Functional relationship between skull form and feeding mechanics in Sphenodon, and implications for diapsid skull development.

The head and neck muscles associated with feeding in sphenodon (Reptilia: Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia) (2011)
Journal Article
Curtis, N., Jones, M. E., Junfen, S., O'Higgins, P., Evans, S. E., & Fagan, M. (2011). The head and neck muscles associated with feeding in sphenodon (Reptilia: Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia). Palaeontologia electronica, 12(2), 0 - 0. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029804

Feeding in Sphenodon, the tuatara of New Zealand, is of interest for several reasons. First, the modern animal is threatened by extinction, and some populations are in competition for food with Pacific rats. Second, Sphenodon demonstrates a feeding a... Read More about The head and neck muscles associated with feeding in sphenodon (Reptilia: Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia).

The earliest evidence for anatomically modern humans in northwestern Europe (2011)
Journal Article
Higham, T., Compton, T., Stringer, C., Jacobi, R., Shapiro, B., Trinkaus, E., …Fagan, M. (2011). The earliest evidence for anatomically modern humans in northwestern Europe. Nature, 479(7374), 521-524. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10484

The earliest anatomically modern humans in Europe are thought to have appeared around 43,000-42,000 calendar years before present (43-42 kyr cal BP), by association with Aurignacian sites and lithic assemblages assumed to have been made by modern hum... Read More about The earliest evidence for anatomically modern humans in northwestern Europe.

Finite element modelling of squirrel, guinea pig and rat skulls: using geometric morphometrics to assess sensitivity. (2011)
Journal Article
Cox, P. G., Fagan, M. J., Rayfield, E. J., & Jeffery, N. (2011). Finite element modelling of squirrel, guinea pig and rat skulls: using geometric morphometrics to assess sensitivity. Journal of anatomy, 219(6), 696-709. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7580.2011.01436.x

Rodents are defined by a uniquely specialized dentition and a highly complex arrangement of jaw-closing muscles. Finite element analysis (FEA) is an ideal technique to investigate the biomechanical implications of these specializations, but it is ess... Read More about Finite element modelling of squirrel, guinea pig and rat skulls: using geometric morphometrics to assess sensitivity..

The Mechanical Significance of the Temporal Fasciae in Macaca fascicularis: An Investigation Using Finite Element Analysis (2011)
Journal Article
Curtis, N., Witzel, U., Fitton, L., O'Higgins, P., & Fagan, M. (2011). The Mechanical Significance of the Temporal Fasciae in Macaca fascicularis: An Investigation Using Finite Element Analysis. Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, 294(7), 1178-1190. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.21415

Computational finite element analyses (FEAs) of the skull predict structural deformations under user specified loads and constraints, with results normally presented as stress and strain distributions over the skull's surface. The applied loads are g... Read More about The Mechanical Significance of the Temporal Fasciae in Macaca fascicularis: An Investigation Using Finite Element Analysis.

The application of muscle wrapping to voxel-based finite element models of skeletal structures (2011)
Journal Article
Liu, J., Shi, J., Fitton, L. C., Phillips, R., O'Higgins, P., & Fagan, M. J. (2012). The application of muscle wrapping to voxel-based finite element models of skeletal structures. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 11(1-2), 35-47. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10237-011-0291-5

Finite elements analysis (FEA) is now used routinely to interpret skeletal form in terms of function in both medical and biological applications. To produce accurate predictions from FEA models, it is essential that the loading due to muscle action i... Read More about The application of muscle wrapping to voxel-based finite element models of skeletal structures.

The effects of the periodontal ligament on mandibular stiffness: a study combining finite element analysis and geometric morphometrics (2011)
Journal Article
Gröning, F., Fagan, M. J., & O'Higgins, P. (2011). The effects of the periodontal ligament on mandibular stiffness: a study combining finite element analysis and geometric morphometrics. Journal of biomechanics, 44(7), 1304-1312. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.01.008

It is generally accepted that the periodontal ligament (PDL) plays a crucial role in transferring occlusal forces from the teeth to the alveolar bone. Studies using finite element analysis (FEA) have helped to better understand this role and show tha... Read More about The effects of the periodontal ligament on mandibular stiffness: a study combining finite element analysis and geometric morphometrics.

Evaluation of a silent speech interface based on magnetic sensing (2010)
Conference Proceeding
Hofe, R., Ell, S. R., Fagan, M. J., Gilbert, J. M., Green, P. D., Moore, R. K., & Rybchenko, S. I. (2010). Evaluation of a silent speech interface based on magnetic sensing.

This paper reports on isolated word recognition experiments using a novel silent speech interface. The interface consist of magnetic pellets that are fixed to relevant speech articulators, and a set of magnetic field sensors that measure changes in t... Read More about Evaluation of a silent speech interface based on magnetic sensing.

Why do humans have chins? Testing the mechanical significance of modern human symphyseal morphology with finite element analysis (2010)
Journal Article
Gröning, F., Liu, J., Fagan, M. J., & O'Higgins, P. (2011). Why do humans have chins? Testing the mechanical significance of modern human symphyseal morphology with finite element analysis. American journal of physical anthropology, 144(4), 593-606. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.21447

The modern human mandibular symphysis differs from those of all other primates in being vertically orientated and possessing a chin, but the functional significance of this unique morphology is not well understood. Some hypotheses propose that it is... Read More about Why do humans have chins? Testing the mechanical significance of modern human symphyseal morphology with finite element analysis.

Combining geometric morphometrics and functional simulation: an emerging toolkit for virtual functional analyses (2010)
Journal Article
O'Higgins, P., Cobb, S. N., Fitton, L. C., Gröning, F., Phillips, R., Liu, J., & Fagan, M. J. (2011). Combining geometric morphometrics and functional simulation: an emerging toolkit for virtual functional analyses. Journal of anatomy, 218(1), 3-15. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7580.2010.01301.x

The development of virtual methods for anatomical reconstruction and functional simulation of skeletal structures offers great promise in evolutionary and ontogenetic investigations of form-function relationships. Key developments reviewed here inclu... Read More about Combining geometric morphometrics and functional simulation: an emerging toolkit for virtual functional analyses.

Isolated word recognition of silent speech using magnetic implants and sensors (2010)
Journal Article
Gilbert, J. M., Rybchenko, S. I., Hofe, R., Ell, S. R., Fagan, M. J., Moore, R. K., & Green, P. (2010). Isolated word recognition of silent speech using magnetic implants and sensors. Medical engineering & physics, 32(10), 1189-1197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2010.08.011

There are a number of situations where individuals wish to communicate verbally but are unable to use conventional means so called 'silent speech'. These include speakers in noisy and covert situations as well as patients who have lost their voice as... Read More about Isolated word recognition of silent speech using magnetic implants and sensors.

Feedback control from the jaw joints during biting: An investigation of the reptile Sphenodon using multibody modelling (2010)
Journal Article
Curtis, N., Jones, M. E. H., Evans, S., Evans, S. E., O'Higgins, P., & Fagan, M. J. (2010). Feedback control from the jaw joints during biting: An investigation of the reptile Sphenodon using multibody modelling. Journal of biomechanics, 43(16), 3132-3137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.08.001

Sphenodon, a lizard-like reptile, is the only living representative of a group that was once widespread at the time of the dinosaurs. Unique jaw mechanics incorporate crushing and shearing motions to breakdown food, but during this process excessive... Read More about Feedback control from the jaw joints during biting: An investigation of the reptile Sphenodon using multibody modelling.

Comparison between in vivo and theoretical bite performance: Using multi-body modelling to predict muscle and bite forces in a reptile skull (2010)
Journal Article
Curtis, N., Jones, M. E. H., Lappin, A. K., O'Higgins, P., Evans, S. E., & Fagan, M. J. (2010). Comparison between in vivo and theoretical bite performance: Using multi-body modelling to predict muscle and bite forces in a reptile skull. Journal of biomechanics, 43(14), 2804-2809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.05.037

In biomechanical investigations, geometrically accurate computer models of anatomical structures can be created readily using computed-tomography scan images. However, representation of soft tissue structures is more challenging, relying on approxima... Read More about Comparison between in vivo and theoretical bite performance: Using multi-body modelling to predict muscle and bite forces in a reptile skull.

Validation of a morphometric reconstruction technique applied to a juvenile pelvis (2010)
Journal Article
Watson, P., O'Higgins, P., Fagan, M. J., & Dobson, C. A. (2011). Validation of a morphometric reconstruction technique applied to a juvenile pelvis. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 225(1), 48-57. https://doi.org/10.1243/09544119jeim810

Three-dimensional reconstructions of bone geometry from microCT (computed tomography) data are frequently used in biomechanical and finite element analyses. Digitization of bone models is usually a simple process for specimens with a complete geometr... Read More about Validation of a morphometric reconstruction technique applied to a juvenile pelvis.