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129I and 247Cm in meteorites constrain the last astrophysical source of solar r-process elements (2021)
Journal Article
Côté, B., Eichler, M., Yagüe, A., Vassh, N., R. Mumpower, M., Világos, B., …Lugaro, M. (2021). 129I and 247Cm in meteorites constrain the last astrophysical source of solar r-process elements. Science, 371(6532), 945-948. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aba1111

Meteoritic analysis demonstrates that radioactive nuclei heavier than iron were present in the early Solar System. Among them, $^{129}$I and $^{247}$Cm both have a rapid neutron-capture process ($r$ process) origin and decay on the same timescale ($\... Read More about 129I and 247Cm in meteorites constrain the last astrophysical source of solar r-process elements.

Saxitoxin and tetrodotoxin bioavailability increases in future oceans (2019)
Journal Article
Roggatz, C. C., Fletcher, N., Benoit, D. M., Algar, A. C., Doroff, A., Wright, B., …Hardege, J. D. (2019). Saxitoxin and tetrodotoxin bioavailability increases in future oceans. Nature Climate Change, 9(11), 840-844. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-019-0589-3

© 2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited. Increasing atmospheric CO2 levels are largely absorbed by the ocean, decreasing surface water pH1. In combination with increasing ocean temperatures, these changes have been i... Read More about Saxitoxin and tetrodotoxin bioavailability increases in future oceans.

The i-process yields of rapidly accreting white dwarfs from multicycle He-shell flash stellar evolution models with mixing parametrizations from 3D hydrodynamics simulations (2019)
Journal Article
Denissenkov, P. A., Denissenkov, P. A., Herwig, F., Woodward, P., Andrassy, R., Pignatari, M., & Jones, S. (2019). The i-process yields of rapidly accreting white dwarfs from multicycle He-shell flash stellar evolution models with mixing parametrizations from 3D hydrodynamics simulations. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 488(3), 4258-4270. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz1921

© 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society We have modelled the multicycle evolution of rapidly accreting CO white dwarfs (RAWDs) with stable H burning intermittent with strong He-shell flash... Read More about The i-process yields of rapidly accreting white dwarfs from multicycle He-shell flash stellar evolution models with mixing parametrizations from 3D hydrodynamics simulations.

Galactic chemical evolution of radioactive isotopes (2019)
Journal Article
Côté, B., Lugaro, M., Reifarth, R., Pignatari, M., Világos, B., Yagüe, A., & Gibson, B. K. (2019). Galactic chemical evolution of radioactive isotopes. The Astrophysical journal, 878(2), https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab21d1

The presence of short-lived (∼ Myr) radioactive isotopes in meteoritic inclusions at the time of their formation represents a unique opportunity to study the circumstances that led to the formation of the Solar System. To interpret these observations... Read More about Galactic chemical evolution of radioactive isotopes.

Using failed supernovae to constrain the Galactic r-process element production (2019)
Journal Article
Wehmeyer, B., Wehmeyer, B., Fröhlich, C., Fröhlich, C., Côté, B., Côté, B., …Thielemann, F. K. (2019). Using failed supernovae to constrain the Galactic r-process element production. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 487(2), 1745-1753 . https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz1310

Rapid neutron capture process (r-process) elements have been detected in a large fraction of metal-poor halo stars, with abundances relative to iron (Fe) that vary by over two orders of magnitude. This scatter is reduced to less than a factor of 3 in... Read More about Using failed supernovae to constrain the Galactic r-process element production.

The vibrational signatures of polyaromatic hydrocarbons on an ice surface (2019)
Journal Article
Clark, V. H., & Benoit, D. M. (2019). The vibrational signatures of polyaromatic hydrocarbons on an ice surface. IAU symposium and colloquium proceedings series / International Astronomical Union. Symposium, 15(S350), 468-470. https://doi.org/10.1017/S174392131900944X

© International Astronomical Union 2020. We use quantum chemical techniques to model the vibrational spectra of small aromatic molecules on a proton-ordered hexagonal crystalline water ice (XIh) model. We achieve a good agreement with experimental da... Read More about The vibrational signatures of polyaromatic hydrocarbons on an ice surface.

Neutron star mergers might not be the only source of r-process elements in the Milky Way (2019)
Journal Article
Côté, B., Eichler, M., Arcones, A., Hansen, C. J., Simonetti, P., Frebel, A., …Matteucci, F. (2019). Neutron star mergers might not be the only source of r-process elements in the Milky Way. The Astrophysical journal, 875(2), 106. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab10db

Probing the origin of r-process elements in the universe represents a multidisciplinary challenge. We review the observational evidence that probes the properties of r-process sites, and address them using galactic chemical evolution simulations, bin... Read More about Neutron star mergers might not be the only source of r-process elements in the Milky Way.

H2, HD, and D2 in the small cage of structure II clathrate hydrate: vibrational frequency shifts from fully coupled quantum six-dimensional calculations of the vibration-translation-rotation eigenstates (2019)
Journal Article
Lauvergnat, D., Felker, P., Scribano, Y., Benoit, D. M., & Bačić, Z. (2019). H2, HD, and D2 in the small cage of structure II clathrate hydrate: vibrational frequency shifts from fully coupled quantum six-dimensional calculations of the vibration-translation-rotation eigenstates. The Journal of chemical physics, 150(15), https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5090573

We report the first fully coupled quantum six-dimensional (6D) bound-state calculations of the vibration-translation-rotation eigenstates of a flexible H2, HD, and D2 molecule confined inside the small cage of the structure II clathrate hydrate embed... Read More about H2, HD, and D2 in the small cage of structure II clathrate hydrate: vibrational frequency shifts from fully coupled quantum six-dimensional calculations of the vibration-translation-rotation eigenstates.

A model to predict acoustic resonant frequencies of distributed Helmholtz resonators on gas turbine engines (2019)
Journal Article
Wang, J., Rubini, P., Qin, Q., & Houston, B. (2019). A model to predict acoustic resonant frequencies of distributed Helmholtz resonators on gas turbine engines. Applied Sciences, 9(7), 1419. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9071419

Helmholtz resonators, traditionally designed as a narrow neck backed by a cavity, are widely applied to attenuate combustion instabilities in gas turbine engines. The use of multiple small holes with an equivalent open area to that of a single neck h... Read More about A model to predict acoustic resonant frequencies of distributed Helmholtz resonators on gas turbine engines.

Enrichment of the Galactic disc with neutron capture elements: Sr (2019)
Journal Article
Mishenina, T., Pignatari, M., Gorbaneva, T., Bisterzo, S., Travaglio, C., Thielemann, F. K., & Soubiran, C. (2019). Enrichment of the Galactic disc with neutron capture elements: Sr. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 484(3), 3846-3864. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz178

The enrichment history of heavy neutron-capture elements in the Milky Way disc provides fundamental information about the chemical evolution of our Galaxy and about the stellar sources that made those elements. In this work we give new observational... Read More about Enrichment of the Galactic disc with neutron capture elements: Sr.

Nucleosynthetic yields from neutron stars accreting in binary common envelopes (2019)
Journal Article
Keegans, J. D., Fryer, C. L., Jones, S. W., Côté, B., Belczynski, K., Herwig, F., …Diget, C. A. (2019). Nucleosynthetic yields from neutron stars accreting in binary common envelopes. Monthly notices, containing papers, abstracts of papers, and reports of the proceedings of the Society, 485(1), 620-639. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz368

© 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Massive-star binaries can undergo a phase where one of the two stars expands during its advanced evolutionary stage as a giant and envelops its com... Read More about Nucleosynthetic yields from neutron stars accreting in binary common envelopes.

The inhibitory subunit of cardiac troponin (cTnI) is modified by arginine methylation in the human heart (2019)
Journal Article
Onwuli, D. O., Samuel, S., Sfyri, P., Welham, K., Goddard, M., Abu-Omar, Y., …Beltran-Alvarez, P. (2019). The inhibitory subunit of cardiac troponin (cTnI) is modified by arginine methylation in the human heart. International journal of cardiology, 282, 76-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.01.102

Background The inhibitory subunit of cardiac troponin (cTnI) is a gold standard cardiac biomarker and also an essential protein in cardiomyocyte excitation-contraction coupling. The interactions of cTnI with other proteins are fine-tuned by post-tra... Read More about The inhibitory subunit of cardiac troponin (cTnI) is modified by arginine methylation in the human heart.

Enrichment of the Galactic disc with neutron-capture elements: Mo and Ru (2019)
Journal Article
Thielemann, F. K., Mishenina, T., Pignatari, M., Gorbaneva, T., Travaglio, C., Côté, B., …Soubiran, C. (2019). Enrichment of the Galactic disc with neutron-capture elements: Mo and Ru. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 489(2), 1697-1708. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz2202

© 2019 The Author(s). We present new observational data for the heavy elements molybdenum (Mo, Z = 42) and ruthenium (Ru, Z = 44) in F-, G-, and K-stars belonging to different substructures of the Milky Way. The range of metallicity covered is -1.0 <... Read More about Enrichment of the Galactic disc with neutron-capture elements: Mo and Ru.

Development of a novel risk prediction and risk stratification score for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) (2018)
Journal Article
Deshmukh, H., Papageorgiou, M., Kilpatrick, E. S., Atkin, S. L., & Sathyapalan, T. (in press). Development of a novel risk prediction and risk stratification score for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Clinical Endocrinology, 90(1), 162-169. https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.13879

Objective The aim of this study was to develop a simple phenotypic algorithm that can capture the underlying clinical and hormonal abnormalities to help in the diagnosis and risk stratification of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods The study... Read More about Development of a novel risk prediction and risk stratification score for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Genomic signatures of local adaptation to the degree of environmental predictability in rotifers (2018)
Journal Article
Franch-Gras, L., Hahn, C., García-Roger, E. M., Carmona, M. J., Serra, M., & Gómez, A. (2018). Genomic signatures of local adaptation to the degree of environmental predictability in rotifers. Scientific reports, 8(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-34188-y

Environmental fuctuations are ubiquitous and thus essential for the study of adaptation. Despite this, genome evolution in response to environmental fuctuations —and more specifcally to the degree of environmental predictability– is still unknown. Sa... Read More about Genomic signatures of local adaptation to the degree of environmental predictability in rotifers.

Effects of acute insulin-induced hypoglycaemia on endothelial microparticles in adults with and without type 2 diabetes (2018)
Journal Article
Al-Qaissi, A., Papageorgiou, M., Deshmukh, H., Madden, L. A., Rigby, A., Kilpatrick, E. S., …Sathyapalan, T. (2019). Effects of acute insulin-induced hypoglycaemia on endothelial microparticles in adults with and without type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 21(3), 533-540. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.13548

Aims Endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are novel surrogate markers of endothelial injury and dysfunction that may be differentially produced in response to acute insulin‐induced hypoglycaemia in adults with and without type 2 diabetes.

The s process in AGB stars as constrained by a large sample of barium stars (2018)
Journal Article
Cseh, B., Lugaro, M., D'Orazi, V., de Castro, D. B., Pereira, C. B., Karakas, A. I., …Cristallo, S. (2018). The s process in AGB stars as constrained by a large sample of barium stars. Astronomy and astrophysics, 620, https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201834079

© ESO 2018. Context. Barium (Ba) stars are dwarf and giant stars enriched in elements heavier than iron produced by the slow neutron-capture process (s process). These stars belong to binary systems in which the primary star evolved through the asymp... Read More about The s process in AGB stars as constrained by a large sample of barium stars.

Modelling and neutron diffraction characterization of the interfacial bonding of spray formed dissimilar steels (2018)
Journal Article
Lee, T., Mi, J., Ren, S., Zhao, S., Fan, J., Kabra, S., …Grant, P. (2018). Modelling and neutron diffraction characterization of the interfacial bonding of spray formed dissimilar steels. Acta Materialia, 155, 318-330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2018.05.055

The spray forming of thick, dissimilar steel clad tubes with the objective of achieving a high integrity metallurgical bond across the cladding-substrate interface able to withstand residual stresses and subsequent thermo-mechanical processing was in... Read More about Modelling and neutron diffraction characterization of the interfacial bonding of spray formed dissimilar steels.

Hybrid Bridge-Based Memetic Algorithms for Finding Bottlenecks in Complex Networks (2018)
Journal Article
Chalupa, D., Hawick, K., & Walker, J. (2018). Hybrid Bridge-Based Memetic Algorithms for Finding Bottlenecks in Complex Networks. Big Data Research, 14, 68-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bdr.2018.04.001

We propose a memetic approach to find bottlenecks in complex networks based on searching for a graph partitioning with minimum conductance. Finding the optimum of this problem, also known in statistical mechanics as the Cheeger constant, is one of th... Read More about Hybrid Bridge-Based Memetic Algorithms for Finding Bottlenecks in Complex Networks.