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Identifying patient problems and devising care pathways with the neurogenic bowel dysfunction score (2014)
Journal Article
Wallace, E., & Gardiner, A. (2014). Identifying patient problems and devising care pathways with the neurogenic bowel dysfunction score. Gastrointestinal Nursing, 12(Sup2), (S17-S23). doi:10.12968/gasn.2014.12.Sup2.S17. ISSN 1479-5248

© MA Healthcare Limited 2014. Neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) is a consequence of dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system leading to impairment of sensory and/or motor control; it includes constipation, incontinence, and disordered defaecation... Read More

Patient satisfaction with lower gastrointestinal endoscopy: doctors, nurse and nonmedical endoscopists (2009)
Journal Article
Maslekar, S., Hughes, M., Gardiner, A., Monson, J. R. T., & Duthie, G. S. (2010). Patient satisfaction with lower gastrointestinal endoscopy: doctors, nurse and nonmedical endoscopists. Colorectal disease, 12(10), 1033-1038. doi:10.1111/j.1463-1318.2009.01989.x

Aim Assessment of patient satisfaction with lower gastrointestinal endoscopy (LGE) comprising colonoscopy and flexible sigmoidoscopy is gaining increasing importance. We have now trained non healthcare professionals such as nonmedical endoscopists (N... Read More

Randomized clinical trial of Entonox versus midazolam-fentanyl sedation for colonoscopy (2009)
Journal Article
Maslekar, S., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. (2009). Randomized clinical trial of Entonox versus midazolam-fentanyl sedation for colonoscopy. British Journal of Surgery, 96(4), (361 - 368). doi:10.1002/bjs.6467. ISSN 1365-2168

BACKGROUND Intravenous sedation for colonoscopy is associated with cardiorespiratory complications and delayed recovery. The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the efficacy of Entonox (50 per cent nitrous oxide and 50 per cent oxyge... Read More

Randomized clinical trial of Entonox ® versus midazolam-fentanyl sedation for colonoscopy (2009)
Journal Article
Maslekar, S., Gardiner, A., Hughes, M., Culbert, B., & Duthie, G. S. (2009). Randomized clinical trial of Entonox ® versus midazolam-fentanyl sedation for colonoscopy. British journal of surgery : BJS, 96(4), (361-368). doi:10.1002/bjs.6467. ISSN 0007-1323

Background: Intravenous sedation for colonoscopy is associated with cardiorespiratory complications and delayed recovery. The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the efficacy of Entonox ® (50 per cent nitrous oxide and 50 per cent o... Read More

Results of the United Kingdoms first pilot study for nonmedical endoscopy practitioners (2008)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A. B. (2009). Results of the United Kingdoms first pilot study for nonmedical endoscopy practitioners. Colorectal Disease, 11(2), (208-214). doi:10.1111/j.1463-1318.2008.01555.x. ISSN 1462-8910

Spencer and Ready published the first description of nonmedically qualified endoscopists in 1977 [Dis Colon Rectum 1977; 20: 94]. Since then there has been an explosion of interest in this concept. Duthie et al. [Gut 1998; 43: 711] first described Nu... Read More

Anterior anal sphincter repair for fecal incontinence: Good longterm results are possible (2006)
Journal Article
Maslekar, S., Gardiner, A. B., & Duthie, G. S. (2007). Anterior anal sphincter repair for fecal incontinence: Good longterm results are possible. Journal of The American College of Surgeons, 204(1), (40-46). doi:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2006.10.008. ISSN 1072-7515

Background: Anterior anal sphincter repair (ASR) is standard treatment for fecal incontinence resulting from an obstetrically damaged anal sphincter. Longterm results of repair have generally been shown to be poor. This review of single-unit series a... Read More

A new method of assessing anal sphincter integrity using inverted vectormanometry (2006)
Journal Article
Kaur, G., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. S. (2006). A new method of assessing anal sphincter integrity using inverted vectormanometry. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 49(8), 1160-1166. doi:10.1007/s10350-006-0556-8

PURPOSE: Vectorgraphy as an integrated mapping of radial pressure profiles of the anal canal has been used to attempt identification of pressure-related defects with doubtful reliability since vectorgraphs bear no resemblance to endoanal ultrasound s... Read More

Investigation and treatment of faecal incontinence (2006)
Journal Article
Maslekar, S., Gardiner, A., Maklin, C., & Duthie, G. S. (2006). Investigation and treatment of faecal incontinence. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 82(968), 363-371. doi:10.1136/pgmj.2005.044099

Faecal incontinence is a debilitating condition affecting people of all ages, and significantly impairs quality of life. Proper clinical assessment followed by conservative medical therapy leads to improvement in more than 50% of cases, including pat... Read More

Can artificial neural networks predict which patients need a colonoscopy? (2006)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Maslekar, S., & Duthie, G. (2006). Can artificial neural networks predict which patients need a colonoscopy?. Gut : journal of the British Society of Gastroenterology, 55, (A23 - A23). ISSN 0017-5749

Introduction: Artificial neural networks (ANN) are computer programs used to identify complex relations within data sets undetectable with conventional linear statistical analysis. One such complex problem is the prediction of need for lower gastroin... Read More

Non-medical colonoscopists are safe and effective: results from randomised controlled trial (2006)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Skinn, E., Maslekar, S., & Duthie, G. (2006). Non-medical colonoscopists are safe and effective: results from randomised controlled trial. Gut : journal of the British Society of Gastroenterology, 55, (A5 - A5). ISSN 0017-5749

Introduction: There is an increasing demand for colonoscopy, especially with introduction of screening programmes. Though it is performed by doctors and nurses, there is an acute shortage of trained colonoscopists. Non-medical personnel were therefor... Read More