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Abstracts of the AGA Institute (2006)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Maslekar, S., & Duthie, G. (2006). Abstracts of the AGA Institute. Gastroenterology, 130(4), A-1-A-747. doi:10.1016/s0016-5085(06)60008-5

Aims: Artificial neural networks (ANN) are computer programs used to identify complexrelations within data that cannot be detected with conventional linear-statistical analysis.The routine clinical predictions of need for lower gastrointestinal endos... Read More about Abstracts of the AGA Institute.

Sacral nerve neuromodulation as primary treatment for faecal incontinence with disrupted anal sphincters: medium and long-term results (2006)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Maslekar, S., & Duthie, G. (2006). Sacral nerve neuromodulation as primary treatment for faecal incontinence with disrupted anal sphincters: medium and long-term results. Gastroenterology, 130(4), (A728 - A728). ISSN 0016-5085

Introduction The standard treatment for faecal incontinence secondary to obstetric sphincterdamage is anal sphincter repair. However, the results of this procedure deteriorate withtime. Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) has become an established therapy... Read More about Sacral nerve neuromodulation as primary treatment for faecal incontinence with disrupted anal sphincters: medium and long-term results.

Non-medical colonoscopists are safe and effective: results from randomised controlled trial (2006)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Skinn, E., Maslekar, S., & Duthie, G. (2006). Non-medical colonoscopists are safe and effective: results from randomised controlled trial. Gut : journal of the British Society of Gastroenterology, 55, (A5 - A5). ISSN 0017-5749

Introduction: There is an increasing demand for colonoscopy, especially with introduction of screening programmes. Though it is performed by doctors and nurses, there is an acute shortage of trained colonoscopists. Non-medical personnel were therefor... Read More about Non-medical colonoscopists are safe and effective: results from randomised controlled trial.

Can artificial neural networks predict which patients need a colonoscopy? (2006)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Maslekar, S., & Duthie, G. (2006). Can artificial neural networks predict which patients need a colonoscopy?. Gut : journal of the British Society of Gastroenterology, 55, (A23 - A23). ISSN 0017-5749

Introduction: Artificial neural networks (ANN) are computer programs used to identify complex relations within data sets undetectable with conventional linear statistical analysis. One such complex problem is the prediction of need for lower gastroin... Read More about Can artificial neural networks predict which patients need a colonoscopy?.

Impedance planimetry: clinical impedance planimetry (2005)
Book Chapter
Duthie, G. S., & Gardiner, A. B. (2005). Impedance planimetry: clinical impedance planimetry. In S. D. Wexner, A. P. Zbar, & M. Pescatori (Eds.), Complex Anorectal Disorders: Investigation and Management, 105-113. Springer. doi:10.1007/1-84628-057-5_7

Sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence (2005)
Journal Article
Pillinger, S. H., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. S. (2005). Sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence. Digestive surgery, 22(1-2), 1-5. doi:10.1159/000084344

Faecal incontinence is a common problem. Conservative measures are effective in a significant proportion of patients. Failure of conservative management has until recently meant recourse to surgical intervention. Surgical treatment is often associate... Read More about Sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence.

Early results of a rotational flap to treat chronic anal fissures (2004)
Journal Article
Singh, M., Sharma, A., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. S. (2005). Early results of a rotational flap to treat chronic anal fissures. International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 20(4), (339-342). doi:10.1007/s00384-004-0663-8. ISSN 0179-1958

Background: Treatment of anal fissures has changed dramatically in the past decade. Only a few fail to respond to medical therapy. Sphincterotomy and anal dilatation have fallen out of favour due to the risk of incontinence. Island flaps have been pr... Read More about Early results of a rotational flap to treat chronic anal fissures.

Rectal irrigation for relief of functional bowel disorders (2004)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Marshall, J., & Duthie, G. (2004). Rectal irrigation for relief of functional bowel disorders. Nursing standard : official newspaper of the Royal College of Nursing, 19(9), 39-42. doi:10.7748/ns2004.11.19.9.39.c3755

This article examines the use of rectal irrigation for the symptomatic relief of functional bowel disorders in certain groups of patients. The authors undertook a study of 80 patients and conclude that it is a valuable treatment for some patients.

The application of sacral nerve stimulation to the disrupted anal sphincter (2004)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. (2004). The application of sacral nerve stimulation to the disrupted anal sphincter. Gastroenterology, 126(4), (A361 - A361). ISSN 0016-5085

Background Sacral nerve stimulation has been successfully used in the treatment of faecalincontinence. It has been applied to patients with intact anal sphincters. We have assessed20 patients with either an external sphincter defect or combined EAS a... Read More about The application of sacral nerve stimulation to the disrupted anal sphincter.

Anorectal ultrasonography (2004)
Book Chapter
Gardiner, A. (2004). Anorectal ultrasonography. Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract, 123 - 139. Wiley Blackwell

Neural network analysis of anal sphincter repair (2004)
Journal Article
Gardiner, A., Kaur, G., Cundall, J., Ilstrup, D. M., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. (2004). Neural network analysis of anal sphincter repair. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 47(2), 192-197. doi:10.1007/s10350-003-0026-5

PURPOSE: Prediction of success after anterior sphincter repair for incontinence is difficult. Standard multivariate analysis techniques have only 75 to 80 percent accuracy. Artificial intelligence, including artificial neural networks, has been used... Read More about Neural network analysis of anal sphincter repair.

Hyperbaric oxygen in the treatment of fecal incontinence secondary to pudendal neuropathy (2003)
Journal Article
Cundall, J. D., Gardiner, A., Chin, K., Laden, G., Grout, P., & Duthie, G. S. (2003). Hyperbaric oxygen in the treatment of fecal incontinence secondary to pudendal neuropathy. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 46(11), 1549-1554. doi:10.1007/s10350-004-6812-x

PURPOSE: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy has several physiologic effects on damaged nerves in animal models, which lead to an improvement in neurologic function. Idiopathic fecal incontinence secondary to pudendal neuropathy is usually treated with biofeed... Read More about Hyperbaric oxygen in the treatment of fecal incontinence secondary to pudendal neuropathy.

Anal sphincter injury, fecal and urinary incontinence: a 34-year follow-up after forceps delivery (2003)
Journal Article
Bollard, R. C., Gardiner, A., Duthie, G. S., & Lindow, S. W. (2003). Anal sphincter injury, fecal and urinary incontinence: a 34-year follow-up after forceps delivery. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 46(8), 1083-1088. doi:10.1007/s10350-004-7284-8

PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the long-term outcome of forceps delivery in terms of evidence of anal sphincter injury and the incidence of fecal and urinary incontinence. METHODS: Women who delivered in 1964 were evaluated by using en... Read More about Anal sphincter injury, fecal and urinary incontinence: a 34-year follow-up after forceps delivery.

Anal sphincter injury, fecal and urinary incontinence (2003)
Journal Article
Lindow, S., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. (2003). Anal sphincter injury, fecal and urinary incontinence. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 46(8), (1083 - 1088). ISSN 0012-3706

Purpose: This study was designed to determine the long-term outcome of forceps delivery in terms of evidence of anal sphincter injury and the incidence of fecal and urinary incontinence. Methods: Women who delivered in 1964 were evaluated by using en... Read More about Anal sphincter injury, fecal and urinary incontinence.

Rectoanal reflex parameters in incontinence and constipation (2002)
Journal Article
Kaur, G., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. S. (2002). Rectoanal reflex parameters in incontinence and constipation. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 45(7), 928-933. doi:10.1007/s10350-004-6331-9

PURPOSE: The transient relaxation of the internal anal sphincter in response to rectal distention is believed to play an important role in the continence mechanism. Most anorectal physiology laboratories merely report the rectoanal inhibitory reflex... Read More about Rectoanal reflex parameters in incontinence and constipation.

Normal female anal sphincter: difficulties in interpretation explained (2002)
Journal Article
Bollard, R. C., Gardiner, A., Lindow, S., Phillips, K., & Duthie, G. S. (2002). Normal female anal sphincter: difficulties in interpretation explained. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 45(2), 171-175. doi:10.1007/s10350-004-6139-7

PURPOSE: Our aims were to quantify the nature, characteristics, and frequency of variations in female anal sphincter anatomy. METHODS: Nulliparous patients from the antenatal clinic and healthy volunteers of both genders were studied. Sphincter lengt... Read More about Normal female anal sphincter: difficulties in interpretation explained.

Outpatient hand held manometry: comparison of techniques (2001)
Journal Article
Bollard, R. C., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. S. (2001). Outpatient hand held manometry: comparison of techniques. Colorectal Disease, 3(1), 13-16. doi:10.1046/j.1463-1318.2001.00219.x

Objective. Anorectal manometry is an established important investigation in a number of disorders. The specialist ano-rectal laboratory is not always available, and a hand held manometer may be a useful tool in the outpatient setting to avoid an unne... Read More about Outpatient hand held manometry: comparison of techniques.


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