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A new class of x-ray tails of early-type galaxies and subclusters in galaxy clusters: Slingshot tails versus ram pressure stripped tails (2019)
Journal Article
Sheardown, A., Fish, T. M., Roediger, E., Hunt, M., ZuHone, J., Su, Y., …De Grandi, S. (2019). A new class of x-ray tails of early-type galaxies and subclusters in galaxy clusters: Slingshot tails versus ram pressure stripped tails. The Astrophysical journal, 874(2), 112. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab0c06

We show that there is a new class of gas tails—slingshot tails—that form as a subhalo (i.e., a subcluster or early-type cluster galaxy) moves away from the cluster center toward the apocenter of its orbit. These tails can point perpendicular or even... Read More

Close-up view of an ongoing merger between the NGC 4839 group and the Coma cluster – a post-merger scenario (2019)
Journal Article
Lyskova, N., Churazov, E., Zhang, C., Forman, W., Jones, C., Dolag, K., …Sheardown, A. (2019). Close-up view of an ongoing merger between the NGC 4839 group and the Coma cluster – a post-merger scenario. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 485(2), 2922-2934. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz597

We study a merger of the NGC 4839 group with the Coma cluster using X-ray observations from the XMM–Newton and Chandra telescopes. X-ray data show two prominent features: (i) a long (∼600 kpc in projection) and bent tail of cool gas trailing (towards... Read More

Constraining gas motions in the intra-cluster medium (2019)
Journal Article
Simionescu, A., ZuHone, J., Zhuravleva, I., Churazov, E., Gaspari, M., Nagai, D., …Paerels, F. (2019). Constraining gas motions in the intra-cluster medium. Space Science Reviews, 215, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-019-0590-1

The detailed velocity structure of the diffuse X-ray emitting intra-cluster medium (ICM) remains one of the last missing key ingredients in understanding the microphysical properties of these hot baryons and constraining our models of the growth and... Read More

Variability and proper motion of x-ray knots in the jet of Centaurus A (2019)
Journal Article
Snios, B., Wykes, S., Nulsen, P. E. . J., Kraft, R. P., Meyer, E. T., Birkinshaw, M., …Jones, C. (2019). Variability and proper motion of x-ray knots in the jet of Centaurus A. The Astrophysical journal, 871(2), doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aafaf3

We report results from Chandra observations analyzed for evidence of variability and proper motion in the X-ray jet of Centaurus A. Using data spanning 15 years, collective proper motion of 11.3±3.3 mas yr−1, or 0.68±0.20c, is detected for the fainte... Read More

Spectacular Hubble Space Telescope observations of the Coma Galaxy D100 and Star Formation in Its Ram Pressure–stripped Tail (2019)
Journal Article
Cramer, W. J., Kenney, J. D. P., Sun, M., Crowl, H., Yagi, M., Jáchym, P., …Waldron, W. (2019). Spectacular Hubble Space Telescope observations of the Coma Galaxy D100 and Star Formation in Its Ram Pressure–stripped Tail. The Astrophysical journal, 870(2), 63. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aaefff

We present new HST F275W, F475W, and F814W imaging of the region of the Coma cluster around D100, a spiral galaxy with a remarkably long and narrow (60 × 1.5 kpc) ram pressure–stripped gas tail. We find blue sources coincident with the Hα tail, which... Read More

The recent growth history of the Fornax Cluster derived from simultaneous sloshing and gas stripping: Simulating the infall of NGC 1404 (2018)
Journal Article
Sheardown, A., Roediger, E., Su, Y., Kraft, R. P., Fish, T., ZuHone, J. A., …Nulsen, P. E. (2018). The recent growth history of the Fornax Cluster derived from simultaneous sloshing and gas stripping: Simulating the infall of NGC 1404. The Astrophysical journal, 865(2), 118. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aadc0f

We derive the recent growth history of the Fornax Cluster, in particular the recent infall of the giant elliptical galaxy NGC 1404. We show, using a simple cluster minor merger simulation tailored to Fornax and NGC 1404, that a second or more likely... Read More

Gas sloshing regulates and records the evolution of the Fornax Cluster (2017)
Journal Article
Su, Y., Nulsen, P. E., Kraft, R. P., Roediger, E., Zuhone, J. A., Jones, C., …Randall, S. W. (2017). Gas sloshing regulates and records the evolution of the Fornax Cluster. The Astrophysical journal, 851(1), 69. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa989e

We present results of a joint Chandra and XMM-Newton analysis of the Fornax Cluster, the nearest galaxy cluster in the southern sky. Signatures of merger-induced gas sloshing can be seen in the X-ray image. We identify four sloshing cold fronts in th... Read More

Stripped elliptical galaxies as probes of ICM physics : III. Deep Chandra observation of NGC 4552 - Measuring the viscosity of the intracluster medium (2017)
Journal Article
Kraft, R. P., Roediger, E., Machacek, M., Forman, W. R., Nulsen, P. E., Jones, C., …Sheardown, A. (2017). Stripped elliptical galaxies as probes of ICM physics : III. Deep Chandra observation of NGC 4552 - Measuring the viscosity of the intracluster medium. The Astrophysical journal, 848(1), doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8a6e

We present results from a deep (200 ks) Chandra observation of the early-type galaxy NGC 4552 (M89) which is falling into the Virgo cluster. Previous shallower X-ray observations of this galaxy showed a remnant gas core, a tail to the South of the ga... Read More

Uplift, Feedback, and Buoyancy: Radio Lobe Dynamics in NGC 4472 (2017)
Journal Article
Gendron-Marsolais, M., Kraft, R. P., Bogdan, A., Hlavacek-Larrondo, J., Forman, W. R., Jones, C., …Roediger, E. (2017). Uplift, Feedback, and Buoyancy: Radio Lobe Dynamics in NGC 4472. The Astrophysical journal, 848(1), 26. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8a6f

© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. We present results from deep (380 ks) Chandra observations of the active galactic nucleus (AGN) outburst in the massive early-type galaxy NGC 4472. We detect cavities in the gas coincide... Read More

The infall of the Virgo elliptical galaxy M60 toward M87 and the gaseous structures produced by Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities (2017)
Journal Article
Wood, R. A., Jones, C., Machacek, M. E., Forman, W. R., Bogdan, A., Andrade-Santos, F., …Roediger, E. (2017). The infall of the Virgo elliptical galaxy M60 toward M87 and the gaseous structures produced by Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities. The Astrophysical journal, 847(1), doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8723

We present Chandra observations of hot gas structures, characteristic of gas stripping during infall, in the Virgo cluster elliptical galaxy M60 (NGC4649) located 1 Mpc east of M87. 0.5−2 keV Chandra X-ray images show a sharp leading edge in the surf... Read More

Deep Chandra observations of the stripped galaxy group falling into Abell 2142 (2017)
Journal Article
Eckert, D., Gaspari, M., Owers, M. S., Molendi, S., Gastaldello, F., Paltani, S., …Venturi, T. (2017). Deep Chandra observations of the stripped galaxy group falling into Abell 2142. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 605(September), A25. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201730555

In the local Universe, the growth of massive galaxy clusters mainly operates through the continuous accretion of group-scale systems. The infalling group in Abell 2142 is the poster child of such an accreting group, and as such, it is an ideal target... Read More

Molecular gas dominated 50 kpc ram pressure stripped tail of the Coma galaxy D100 (2017)
Journal Article
Jáchym, P., Sun, M., Kenney, J. D. P., Cortese, L., Combes, F., Yagi, M., …Roediger, E. (2017). Molecular gas dominated 50 kpc ram pressure stripped tail of the Coma galaxy D100. The Astrophysical journal, 839(2), 114. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa6af5

We have discovered large amounts of molecular gas, as traced by CO emission, in the ram pressure stripped gas tail of the Coma cluster galaxy D100 (GMP 2910), out to large distances of about 50 kpc. D100 has a 60 kpc long, strikingly narrow tail whic... Read More

Chandra and JVLA Observations of HST Frontier Fields Cluster MACS J0717.5+3745 (2017)
Journal Article
van Weeren, R. J., Ogrean, G. A., Jones, C., Forman, W. R., Andrade-Santos, F., Pearce, C. J. J., …Zitrin, A. (2017). Chandra and JVLA Observations of HST Frontier Fields Cluster MACS J0717.5+3745. The Astrophysical journal, 835(2), (197). doi:10.3847/1538-4357/835/2/197. ISSN 0004-637X

To investigate the relationship between thermal and non-thermal components in merger galaxy clusters, we present deep JVLA and Chandra observations of the HST Frontier Fields cluster MACS J0717.5+3745. The Chandra image shows a complex merger event,... Read More

Capturing the 3D motion of an infalling galaxy via fluid dynamics (2017)
Journal Article
Su, Y., Kraft, R. P., Nulsen, P. E. J., Roediger, E., Forman, W. R., Churazov, E., …Machacek, M. E. (2017). Capturing the 3D motion of an infalling galaxy via fluid dynamics. The Astrophysical journal, 835(1), 19. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/835/1/19

The Fornax Cluster is the nearest galaxy cluster in the southern sky. NGC 1404 is a bright elliptical galaxy falling through the intracluster medium of the Fornax Cluster. The sharp leading edge of NGC 1404 forms a classical "cold front" that separat... Read More

Deep Chandra observations of NGC 1404 : cluster plasma physics revealed by an infalling early-type galaxy (2017)
Journal Article
Kraft, R. P., Forman, W. R., Randall, S. W., Machacek, M. E., Roediger, E., Churazov, E., …Su, Y. (2017). Deep Chandra observations of NGC 1404 : cluster plasma physics revealed by an infalling early-type galaxy. The Astrophysical journal, 834(1), (74). doi:10.3847/1538-4357/834/1/74. ISSN 0004-637X

The intracluster medium (ICM), as a magnetized and highly ionized fluid, provides an ideal laboratory to study plasma physics under extreme conditions that cannot yet be achieved on Earth. NGC 1404 is a bright elliptical galaxy that is being gas stri... Read More

A textbook example of ram-pressure stripping in the Hydra A/A780 cluster (2016)
Journal Article
Roediger, E., De Grandi, S., Eckert, D., Gaspari, M., Gastaldello, F., Ghizzardi, S., …Rossetti, M. (2016). A textbook example of ram-pressure stripping in the Hydra A/A780 cluster. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 592, A154. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201526641

In the current epoch, one of the main mechanisms driving the growth of galaxy clusters is the continuous accretion of group-scale halos. In this process, the ram pressure applied by the hot intracluster medium on the gas content of the infalling grou... Read More

Cold fronts: probes of plasma astrophysics in galaxy clusters (2016)
Journal Article
ZuHone, J. A., & Roediger, E. (2016). Cold fronts: probes of plasma astrophysics in galaxy clusters. Journal of Plasma Physics, 82(3), (535820301-1-535820301-48). doi:10.1017/s0022377816000544. ISSN 0022-3778

The most massive baryonic component of galaxy clusters is the “intracluster medium” (ICM), a diffuse, hot, weakly magnetized plasma that is most easily observed in the X-ray band. Despite being observed for decades, the macroscopic transport properti... Read More

Frontier fields clusters: deep Chandra observations of the complex merger MACS~J1149.6+2223 (2016)
Journal Article
Ogrean, G. A., Van Weeren, R. J., Jones, C., Forman, W., Dawson, W. A., Golovich, N., …Ebeling, H. (2016). Frontier fields clusters: deep Chandra observations of the complex merger MACS~J1149.6+2223. The Astrophysical journal, 819(2), 113-1-113-13. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/819/2/113

The Hubble Space Telescope Frontier Fields cluster MACS J1149.6+2223 is one of the most complex merging clusters, believed to consist of four dark matter halos. We present results from deep (365 ks) Chandra observations of the cluster, which reveal t... Read More

Jupiter's X-ray and EUV auroras monitored by Chandra, XXM-Newton, and Hisaki satellite (2016)
Journal Article
Badman, S. V., Branduardi-Raymont, G., Dunn, W. R., Elsner, R. F., Ezoe, Y., Fujimoto, M., …Yoshioka, K. (2016). Jupiter's X-ray and EUV auroras monitored by Chandra, XXM-Newton, and Hisaki satellite. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121(3), (2308-2320). doi:10.1002/2015ja021893. ISSN 2169-9402

Jupiter's X-ray auroral emission in the polar cap region results from particles which have undergone strong field-aligned acceleration into the ionosphere. The origin of precipitating ions and electrons and the time variability in the X-ray emission... Read More

Shocking features in the merging galaxy cluster RXJ0334.2-0111 (2016)
Journal Article
Dasadia, S., Sun, M., Morandi, A., Sarazin, C., Clarke, T., Nulsen, P., …Forman, B. (2016). Shocking features in the merging galaxy cluster RXJ0334.2-0111. Monthly notices, containing papers, abstracts of papers, and reports of the proceedings of the Society, 458(1), 681-694. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw291

© 2016 The Authors. We present a 66 ks Chandra X-ray observation of the galaxy cluster RXJ0334.2-0111. This deep observation revealed a unique bow shock system associated with a wide angle tail (WAT) radio galaxy and several intriguing substructures.... Read More