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Association between diet quality and adiposity in the Atlantic PATH cohort

DeClercq, Vanessa; Cui, Yunsong; Forbes, Cynthia; Grandy, Scott A.; Keats, Melanie; Parker, Louise; Sweeney, Ellen; Yu, Zhijie Michael; Dummer, Trevor J.B.

Authors

Vanessa DeClercq

Yunsong Cui

Scott A. Grandy

Melanie Keats

Louise Parker

Ellen Sweeney

Zhijie Michael Yu

Trevor J.B. Dummer



Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine diet quality among participants in the Atlantic Partnership for Tomorrow’s Health (PATH) cohort and to assess the association with adiposity. Data were collected from participants (n = 23,768) aged 35–69 years that were residents of the Atlantic Canadian provinces. Both measured and self-reported data were used to examine adiposity (including body mass index (BMI), abdominal obesity, waist-to-hip ratio and fat mass) and food frequency questionnaires were used to assess diet quality. Overall, diet quality was statistically different among provinces. Of concern, participants across all the provinces reported consuming only 1–2 servings of vegetables and 1–2 servings fruit per day. However, participants also reported some healthy dietary choices such as consuming more servings of whole grains than refined grains, and eating at fast food restaurants ≤1 per month. Significant differences in BMI, body weight, percentage body fat, and fat mass index were also observed among provinces. Adiposity measures were positively associated with consumption of meat/poultry, fish, snack food, sweeteners, diet soft drinks, and frequenting fast food restaurants, and inversely associated with consumption of whole grains and green tea. Although all four provinces are in the Atlantic region, diet quality vary greatly among provinces and are associated with adiposity.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 21, 2017
Journal Nutrients
Print ISSN 2072-6643
Electronic ISSN 2072-6643
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 10
Pages 1155
APA6 Citation DeClercq, V., Cui, Y., Forbes, C., Grandy, S. A., Keats, M., Parker, L., …Dummer, T. J. (2017). Association between diet quality and adiposity in the Atlantic PATH cohort. Nutrients, 9(10), 1155. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9101155
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9101155
Keywords Diet quality; Body mass index; Abdominal obesity; Fat mass
Publisher URL http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/9/10/1155
Copyright Statement © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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Copyright Statement
© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).





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