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Knowledge and use of sterile water injections amongst midwives in the United Kingdom: A cross-sectional study

Lee, Nigel; Jomeen, Julie; Mårtensson, Lena B.; Emery, Vanessa; Kildea, Sue

Authors

Nigel Lee

Lena B. Mårtensson

Vanessa Emery

Sue Kildea



Abstract

Background
The use of sterile water injections (SWI) for the relief of pain in labour is popular amongst midwives in countries such as Sweden and Australia. Anecdotal reports suggest the procedure is used less commonly in the United Kingdom (UK) and that a number of barriers to introducing the practice may exist.

Objective
The objective of this study was to explore the awareness and use of SWI amongst midwives in the UK.

Design
A cross-sectional study using an internet-based questionnaire.

Participants
Midwives with Nursing and Midwifery Council Registration and currently practicing.

Setting
The questionnaire was distributed via the Royal College of Midwives Facebook page and Twitter account. Invitations to participate were also sent to Heads of Midwifery to distribute to staff.

Findings
Three hundred and ninety-eight midwives completed the survey. Eighty-two percent of midwives did not use SWI in practice although 69% would consider learning the procedure. There was considerable variation in techniques amongst midwives that did provide SWI. The lack of available practice guidelines and the advice from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence to not use SWI were cited as the main barriers.

Key conclusions
SWI use is uncommon in the UK although midwives are interested in incorporating the procedure into practice.

Implications for practice
National guidance on SWI and the lack of information and training is restricting the use of the procedure in practice, despite SWI being widely used in other countries and being effective in the treatment of pain in labour.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2019
Journal Midwifery
Print ISSN 0266-6138
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 68
Pages 9-14
APA6 Citation Lee, N., Jomeen, J., Mårtensson, L. B., Emery, V., & Kildea, S. (2019). Knowledge and use of sterile water injections amongst midwives in the United Kingdom: A cross-sectional study. Midwifery, 68, 9-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2018.10.001
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2018.10.001
Keywords Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Maternity and Midwifery
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0266613818302894?via%3Dihub
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Knowledge and use of sterile water injections amongst midwives in the United Kingdom: A cross-sectional study; Journal Title: Midwifery; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2018.10.001; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
© 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/





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