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A mixed methods study of the factors associated with HIV testing among young people in Saudi Arabia

Almilaibary, Abdullah; Hayter, Mark

Authors

Abdullah Almilaibary



Abstract

Despite recent progress in enhancing the accessibility of HIV-related health services worldwide, opportunities to diagnose patients are often missed due to genuine barriers at different levels. The aim of the study is to explore the factors that affect the HIV testing uptake by young people in Saudi Arabia. For the quantitative strand of the study a newly developed self-completed online questionnaire was used and the study sample was drawn using a convenience sampling technique. Then, a semi-structured interviews were used to gather the perspective of healthcare professionals working in the field of HIV/AIDS in the country. 394 participants completed the questionnaires: 30% male and 70% female. Only 20 participants had previously been tested for HIV. On HIV/AIDS-related knowledge scale, the male participants scored higher than the females (6.4 V 5.7). For the risk perception scale, female participants appeared to have lower levels of risk perception than male participants (10.5 V 11.7). The female participants showed slightly more positive attitudes towards HIV testing than male participants (111.32 V 108.14). On the other hand, healthcare professionals indicated; stigma, HIV/AIDS knowledge gap and fear of positive result consequences as the main factors hindering the HIV test uptake. Knowledge, attitudes and HIV risk perception are critical factors that inform the decision to undertake HIV testing however, socio-cultural constraints are significant additional burden that hinder the efforts to scale up the HIV testing uptake in Saudi Arabia.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 31, 2018
Print ISSN 2141-2359
Publisher Academic Journals
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 6
Article Number A1D881259063
Pages 96-102
APA6 Citation Almilaibary, A., & Hayter, M. (2018). A mixed methods study of the factors associated with HIV testing among young people in Saudi Arabia. Journal of AIDS and HIV Research, 10(6), 96-102. doi:10.5897/JAHR2017.0446
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/JAHR2017.0446
Keywords HIV testing; young people; attitude; knowledge; perception
Publisher URL https://academicjournals.org/journal/JAHR/article-abstract/A1D881259063

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This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.



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