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1H NMR study of molecular order and dynamics in the liquid crystal CB-C9-CB

Aluculesei, Alina; Cachitas, Hugo; Carvalho, José; Vaca Chavez, Fabian; Figueirinhas, João L; Sebastião, Pedro José; Cruz, Carlos; Tamba, Maria Gabriela; Kohlemeir, Alexandra; Mehl, Georg H.


Alina Aluculesei

Hugo Cachitas

José Carvalho

Fabian Vaca Chavez

João L Figueirinhas

Pedro José Sebastião

Carlos Cruz

Maria Gabriela Tamba

Alexandra Kohlemeir



© 2019 the Owner Societies. Molecular order and dynamics of the CB-C9-CB liquid crystalline dimer exhibiting the nematic (N) and the twist bend nematic (Ntb) phases were investigated by proton NMR spectroscopy, using fields of 0.78 T and 7.04 T, and relaxometry. The first relaxometry experiments for a very wide Larmor frequency domain (8 kHz-300 MHz) on this system, using a combination of standard and fast field cycling NMR techniques, were performed. The spectroscopy results in the Ntb phase allowed us to probe the local molecular orientation relative to the Ntb helix axis. The relaxation data were analyzed considering order director fluctuations (ODF), molecular self-diffusion (SD) and local molecular rotations/reorientations (R) relaxation mechanisms. Global fits of theoretical relaxation models, as a function of temperature and Larmor frequency, for the phases under investigation, allowed for the determination of rotational correlation times, diffusion coefficients, viscoelastic parameters, correlation lengths and activation energies (in the case of thermally activated mechanisms). A clear difference between the structures of the N and Ntb phases was detected from the results of proton spin-lattice relaxation through distinct temperature and frequency dependencies' signatures of the collective modes. Significant pre-transitional effects were observed at the N-Ntb phase transition both from relaxometry and spectroscopy data. The experimental results correlate to data and models for comparable liquid crystalline systems.


Aluculesei, A., Cachitas, H., Carvalho, J., Vaca Chavez, F., Figueirinhas, J. L., Sebastião, P. J., …Mehl, G. H. (2019). 1H NMR study of molecular order and dynamics in the liquid crystal CB-C9-CB. Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 21(8), 4523-4537.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 30, 2019
Online Publication Date Jan 30, 2019
Publication Date Jan 30, 2019
Deposit Date Jan 30, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Print ISSN 1463-9076
Electronic ISSN 1463-9084
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 21
Issue 8
Pages 4523-4537
Keywords Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; General Physics and Astronomy
Public URL
Publisher URL!divAbstract
Additional Information This is the accepted manuscript of an article published in Physical chemistry chemical physics, 2019. The version of record is available at the DOI link in this record.


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