Md. Monarul Islam
Pyrene-based aggregation-induced emission luminogens and their applications
Islam, Md. Monarul; Hu, Zhen; Wang, Qingsong; Redshaw, Carl; Feng, Xing
Professor Carl Redshaw C.Redshaw@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Inorganic Materials Chemistry and REF Lead for Chemistry
"Unity is force"-Aesop. It is a common phenomenon that traditional chromophores exhibit high fluorescence in dilute solution yet luminescence is quenched at high concentrations or in the aggregate state, ie “aggregation-caused quenching” (ACQ). Tang reported the unusual photophysical observation that luminogens can exhibit weak or no fluorescence in solution yet are highly emissive in the aggregate or solid state, which is defined as aggregation-induced emission (AIE).This discovery of AIE helped solve the ACQ effect in traditional luminophores. Pyrene is an important polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), which exhibits very different photophysical behaviour in solution versus the aggregate state, and the ACQ effect has played a dominant role in pyrene chemistry. The ACQ effect is harmful to some practical applications and is a challenge in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and light-emitting electrochemical cells for which the effect is more severe in the solid state. Thus, how to overcome the ACQ effect observed in pyrene chemistry still remains a challenge. In this review, we discuss how following the basic AIE mechanism, such as the restriction of intramolecular rotations/motion/vibrations (RIR/RIM/RIV), excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT), twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT), can transform pyrene-based ACQ luminogens to AIE luminogens with excellent optical properties. Furthermore, prospective applications of pyrene-based AIEgens are discussed as is the potential for designing new organic functional materials.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Mar 20, 2019|
|Journal||Materials Chemistry Frontiers|
|Publisher||Royal Society of Chemistry|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Islam, M. M., Hu, Z., Wang, Q., Redshaw, C., & Feng, X. (2019). Pyrene-based aggregation-induced emission luminogens and their applications. Materials Chemistry Frontiers, https://doi.org/10.1039/c9qm00090a|
This file is under embargo until Mar 21, 2020 due to copyright reasons.
Contact C.Redshaw@hull.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.