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Quantifying faulting and base level controls on syn-rift sedimentation using stratigraphic architectures of coeval, adjacent Early-Middle Pleistocene fan deltas in Lake Corinth, Greece

Barrett, Bonita J.; Collier, Richard E.L.L.; Hodgson, David M.; Gawthorpe, Robert L.; Dorrell, Robert M.; Cullen, Timothy M.

Authors

Bonita J. Barrett

Richard E.L.L. Collier

David M. Hodgson

Robert L. Gawthorpe

Timothy M. Cullen



Abstract

Quantification of allogenic controls in rift basin‐fills requires analysis of multiple depositional systems because of marked along‐strike changes in depositional architecture. Here, we compare two coeval Early‐Middle Pleistocene syn‐rift fan deltas that sit 6 km apart in the hangingwall of the Pirgaki‐Mamoussia Fault, along the southern margin of the Gulf of Corinth, Greece. The Selinous fan delta is located near the fault tip and the Kerinitis fan delta towards the fault centre. Selinous and Kerinitis have comparable overall aggradational stacking patterns. Selinous comprises 15 cyclic stratal units (ca. 25 m thick), whereas at Kerinitis 11 (ca. 60 m thick) are present. Eight facies associations are identified. Fluvial and shallow water facies dominate the major stratal units in the topset region, with shelfal fine‐grained facies constituting ca. 2 m thick intervals between major topset units and thick conglomeratic foresets building down‐dip. It is possible to quantify delta build times (Selinous: 615 kyr; Kerinitis: >450 kyr) and average subsidence and equivalent sedimentation rates (Selinous: 0.65 m/kyr; Kerinitis: >1.77 m/kyr). The presence of sequence boundaries at Selinous, but their absence at Kerinitis, enables sensitivity analysis of the most uncertain variables using a numerical model, ‘Syn‐Strat’, supported by an independent unit thickness extrapolation method. Our study has three broad outcomes: (a) the first estimate of lake level change amplitude in Lake Corinth for the Early‐Middle Pleistocene (10–15 m), which can aid regional palaeoclimate studies and inform broader climate‐system models; (b) demonstration of two complementary methods to quantify faulting and base level signals in the stratigraphic record—forward modelling with Syn‐Strat and a unit thickness extrapolation—which can be applied to other rift basin‐fills; and (c) a quantitative approach to the analysis of stacking patterns and key surfaces that could be applied to stratigraphic pinch‐out assessment and cross‐hole correlations in reservoir analysis.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Basin Research
Print ISSN 0950-091X
Electronic ISSN 1365-2117
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Barrett, B. J., Collier, R. E., Hodgson, D. M., Gawthorpe, R. L., Dorrell, R. M., & Cullen, T. M. (in press). Quantifying faulting and base level controls on syn-rift sedimentation using stratigraphic architectures of coeval, adjacent Early-Middle Pleistocene fan deltas in Lake Corinth, Greece. Basin Research, https://doi.org/10.1111/bre.12356
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/bre.12356
Keywords Forward modelling; Gilbert‐type fan deltas; Gulf of Corinth; Rift basin; Sequence stratigraphy; Syn‐rift sedimentation; Tectonics and sedimentation
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bre.12356

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