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Gastroesophageal cancer patients need earlier palliative intervention - Using data to inform appropriate care

Lee, Amanda; Khulusi, Sam; Watson, Roger

Authors

Sam Khulusi



Abstract

Purpose
To evaluate demographics of survival in patients with gastroesophageal cancer so that it informs nursing practice.

Method
Data on 2215 patients diagnosed with gastroesophageal cancer who presented to a specialist referral centre between the years 2000 and 2011 were extracted from a Public Health repository. Survival time was calculated and analysed against clinical and lifestyle factors to reveal whether they had an impact on survival outcomes.

Results
Over 60% of patients had died within the first year, 39% of these died within the first 6 months. Survival outcomes reduce with advancing age, and in those patients who present as ‘emergency’ cases. One quarter of patients were seen by a GP, but were not referred urgently through the two week wait system, to specialist care.

Thus, gastroesophageal cancer patients need specific and appropriate treatment options, including earlier referrals to palliative care provision. There is also a need for cancer specific education and information at community and clinical levels.

Conclusions
The globally applied one and five-year statistics applied to cancer survival studies do not adequately capture rates of early demise with gastroesophageal cancer. This study presents a novel approach to statistical analysis, based on patient derived data. It identifies factors linked to earlier deaths. However, rather than a focus on early presentation and diagnosis (which are essential) - it also reveals a significant need to consider early referrals for palliative care and nursing interventions to alleviate pain and suffering in patients with poor prognosis.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 1, 2019
Journal European Journal of Oncology Nursing
Print ISSN 1462-3889
Electronic ISSN 1532-2122
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 40
Pages 126-130
APA6 Citation Lee, A., Khulusi, S., & Watson, R. (2019). Gastroesophageal cancer patients need earlier palliative intervention - Using data to inform appropriate care. European journal of oncology nursing, 40, 126-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2019.04.004
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2019.04.004
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S146238891930047X
Additional Information ©2019, Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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Copyright Statement
©2019, Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/





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