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Effectiveness of surgical fixation for lateral compression type one (LC-1) fragility fractures of the pelvis: a systematic review

Booth, Alison; Ingoe, Helen Margaret Ann; Northgraves, Matthew; Coleman, Elizabeth; Harden, Melissa; Kassam, Jamila; Kwok, Iris; Hilton, Catherine; Bates, Peter; McDaid, Catriona

Authors

Alison Booth

Helen Margaret Ann Ingoe

Elizabeth Coleman

Melissa Harden

Jamila Kassam

Iris Kwok

Catherine Hilton

Peter Bates

Catriona McDaid



Abstract

Objectives To undertake a systematic review of the evidence base for the effectiveness of surgical fixation of lateral compression (LC-1) fragility fractures of the pelvis compared with non-surgical approaches.

Searches MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and two international trials registers were searched up to January 2017 (MEDLINE to February 2019) for studies of internal or external fixation of fragility fractures of the pelvis.

Participants Patients with lateral compression pelvic fractures, sustained as the result of a low-energy mechanism, defined as a fall from standing height or less.

Interventions Surgery using either external or internal fixation devices. Conservative non-surgical treatment was the defined comparator.

Outcome measures Outcomes of interest were patient mobility and function, pain, quality of life, fracture union, mortality, hospital length of stay and complications (additional operative procedures, number and type of adverse events and serious adverse events).

Quality assessment and synthesis The Joanna Briggs Institute Checklist for Case Series was used to assess the included studies. Results were presented in a narrative synthesis.

Results Of 3421 records identified, four retrospective case series met the inclusion criteria. Fixation types were not consistent between studies or within studies and most patients had more than one type of pelvic fixation. Where reported, mobility and function improved post-surgery, and a reduction in pain was recorded. Length of hospital stay ranged from 4 days to 54 days for surgical fixation of any type. Reported complications and adverse outcomes included: infections, implant loosening, pneumonia and thrombosis. Use of analgesia was not reported.

Conclusions There is insufficient evidence to support guidance on the most effective treatment for patients who fail to mobilise after sustaining an LC-1 fragility fracture.

Trial registration number CRD42017055872.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 19, 2019
Journal BMJ Open
Print ISSN 2044-6055
Electronic ISSN 2044-6055
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 5
Article Number e024737
APA6 Citation Booth, A., Ingoe, H. M. A., Northgraves, M., Coleman, E., Harden, M., Kassam, J., …McDaid, C. (2019). Effectiveness of surgical fixation for lateral compression type one (LC-1) fragility fractures of the pelvis: a systematic review. BMJ open, 9(5), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024737
DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024737
Keywords General Medicine
Publisher URL https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/9/5/e024737
Additional Information This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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Copyright Statement
© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.





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