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Charting the course for a blue economy in Peru: a research agenda

McKinley, Emma; Aller-Rojas, Oscar; Hattam, Caroline; Germond-Duret, Celine; San Martín, Inés Vicuña; Hopkins, Charlotte Rachael; Aponte, Héctor; Potts, Tavis


Emma McKinley

Oscar Aller-Rojas

Caroline Hattam

Celine Germond-Duret

Inés Vicuña San Martín

Héctor Aponte

Tavis Potts


Ocean- and coastal-based economic activities are increasingly recognised as key drivers for supporting global economies. This move towards the “blue economy” is becoming globally widespread, with the recognition that if ocean-based activities are to be sustainable, they will need to move beyond solely extractive and exploitative endeavours, aligning more closely with marine conservation and effective marine spatial planning. In this paper we define the “blue economy” as a “platform for strategic, integrated and participatory coastal and ocean development and protection that incorporates a low carbon economy, the ecosystem approach and human well-being through advancing regional industries, services and activities”. In Peru, while the seas contribute greatly to the national economy, the full potential of the blue economy has yet to be realised. This paper presents the findings of an early career scientist workshop in Lima, Peru, in March 2016. The workshop “Advancing Green Growth in Peru” brought together researchers to identify challenges and opportunities for green growth across three Peruvian economic sectors—tourism, transport and the blue economy with this paper exploring in detail the priorities generated from the “blue economy” stream. These priorities include themes such as marine spatial planning, detailed evaluations of existing maritime industries (e.g. guano collection and fisheries), development of an effective MPA network, support for sustainable coastal tourism, and better inclusion of social science disciplines in understanding societal and political support for a Peruvian blue economy. In addition, the paper discusses the research requirements associated with these priorities. While not a comprehensive list, these priorities provide a starting point for future dialogue on a co-ordinated scientific platform supporting the blue growth agenda in Peru, and in other regions working towards a successful “blue economy”.


McKinley, E., Aller-Rojas, O., Hattam, C., Germond-Duret, C., San Martín, I. V., Hopkins, C. R., …Potts, T. (2018). Charting the course for a blue economy in Peru: a research agenda. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1-23.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 12, 2018
Online Publication Date Mar 17, 2018
Publication Date Mar 17, 2018
Deposit Date Aug 20, 2019
Publicly Available Date Aug 20, 2019
Journal Environment, Development and Sustainability
Electronic ISSN 1573-2975
Publisher Springer (part of Springer Nature)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Pages 1-23
Keywords Blue growth; Blue economy; Marine; Society; Sustainability
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© The Author(s) 2018

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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