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Inhomogeneous Chemical Evolution of r-Process Elements in the Galactic Halo

Wehmeyer, Benjamin; Fröhlich, Carla; Pignatari, Marco; Thielemann, Friedrich Karl


Benjamin Wehmeyer

Carla Fröhlich

Friedrich Karl Thielemann


© 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The origin of the heaviest elements is still a matter of debate. For the rapid neutron capture process (“r-process”), multiple sites have been proposed, e.g., neutron star mergers and (sub-classes) of supernovae (e.g., [1–4]). R-process elements have been measured in a large fraction of metal-poor stars [5]. Galactic archeology studies show that the r-process abundances among these stars vary by over two orders of magnitude. On the other hand, abundances in stars in the galactic disk do not differ greatly. This leads to two major open questions: (1) What is the reason for such a huge abundance scatter of r-process elements in the early galaxy? (2) While the large scatter at low metallicities might point to a rare production site, why is there barely any scatter at solar-like metallicities? We use the high resolution ((20 pc) cell) inhomogeneous chemical evolution tool “ICE” to study the role of the contributing source(s) of r-process elements. Our main findings are that in addition to neutron star mergers, a second, early acting site is necessary. We assume “magnetorotationally driven supernovae” as this additional and earlier r-process site and conclude that our simulations with an adequate combination of these two sites successfully reproduce the observed r-process elemental abundances in the Galactic halo. Finally, we discuss the potential role of neutron star-black hole mergers as alternative earlier r-process site.

Journal Article Type Conference Paper
Journal Springer Proceedings in Physics
Print ISSN 0930-8989
Electronic ISSN 1867-4941
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 219
Pages 91-96
APA6 Citation Wehmeyer, B., Fröhlich, C., Pignatari, M., & Thielemann, F. K. (in press). Inhomogeneous Chemical Evolution of r-Process Elements in the Galactic Halo. Springer Proceedings in Physics, 219, 91-96.