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Ecological genomics of adaptation to unpredictability in experimental rotifer populations

Tarazona, Eva; Hahn, Christoph; Franch-Gras, Lluís; García-Roger, Eduardo M.; José Carmona, María; Gomez, Africa

Authors

Eva Tarazona

Christoph Hahn

Lluís Franch-Gras

Eduardo M. García-Roger

María José Carmona



Abstract

Elucidating the genetic basis of phenotypic variation in response to different environments is key to understanding how populations evolve. Facultatively sexual rotifers can develop adaptive responses to fluctuating environments. In a previous evolution experiment, diapause-related traits changed rapidly in response to two selective regimes (predictable vs unpredictable) in laboratory populations of the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis. Here, we investigate the genomic basis of adaptation to environmental unpredictability in these experimental populations. We identified and genotyped genome-wide polymorphisms in 169 clones from both selective regimes after seven cycles of selection using genotyping by sequencing (GBS). Additionally, we used GBS data from the 270 field clones from which the laboratory populations were established. This GBS dataset was used to identify candidate SNPs under selection. A total of 76 SNPs showed divergent selection, three of which are candidates for being under selection in the particular unpredictable fluctuation pattern studied. Most of the remaining SNPs showed strong signals of adaptation to laboratory conditions. Furthermore, a genotype-phenotype association approach revealed five SNPs associated with two key life-history traits in the adaptation to unpredictability. Our results contribute to elucidating the genomic basis for adaptation to unpredictable environments and lay the groundwork for future evolution studies in rotifers.

Citation

Tarazona, E., Hahn, C., Franch-Gras, L., García-Roger, E. M., José Carmona, M., & Gomez, A. (2019). Ecological genomics of adaptation to unpredictability in experimental rotifer populations. Scientific reports, 9, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-56100-y

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 2, 2019
Online Publication Date Dec 23, 2019
Publication Date Dec 23, 2019
Deposit Date Feb 17, 2020
Publicly Available Date Nov 30, -0001
Print ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Article Number 19646
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-56100-y
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3315983

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Publisher Licence URL
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/





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