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Climate governance effects on carbon disclosure and performance

Bui, Binh; Houqe, Muhammad Nurul; Zaman, Mahbub


Binh Bui

Muhammad Nurul Houqe


Integration of carbon oversight into board structures and processes has the potential to improve carbon performance and demonstrate accountability to stakeholders. However, it is not clear how climate governance affects carbon disclosure. Contributing to two strands of the literature, sustainability and governance issues, this paper examines the combined impact of climate governance on carbon disclosure. We find climate governance is associated with alignment between carbon disclosure and carbon performance. The results suggest that climate governance also reduces over-acclaiming of good performance via extensive disclosure, and low-polluters disclose more to differentiate themselves. Our findings highlight the importance of the frequency of reporting to the board and time horizon of carbon reporting for improving carbon disclosure and carbon performance. In contrast to traditional governance mechanisms, our results suggest climate governance better reflects firms’ commitment to addressing sustainability issues and transparent reporting.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal The British Accounting Review
Print ISSN 0890-8389
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Article Number 100880
APA6 Citation Bui, B., Houqe, M. N., & Zaman, M. (in press). Climate governance effects on carbon disclosure and performance. The British accounting review,
Keywords Accounting; Climate governance; Climate change; Disclosure; Sustainability; Social impact