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Maternal pregnancy vitamin D supplementation increases offspring bone formation in response to mechanical loading: Findings from the MAVIDOS trial

Sujatha Gopal-Kothandapani, Jaya; Rigby, Alan S.; Harrison, Rachel; Eastell, Richard; Moon, Rebecca J.; Curtis, Elizabeth M.; Cooper, Cyrus; Harvey, Nicholas C.; Bishop, Nick

Authors

Jaya Sujatha Gopal-Kothandapani

Alan S. Rigby

Rachel Harrison

Richard Eastell

Rebecca J. Moon

Elizabeth M. Curtis

Cyrus Cooper

Nicholas C. Harvey

Nick Bishop



Abstract

The Maternal Vitamin D Osteoporosis (MAVIDOS) trial reported higher total body bone mineral content in winter-born infants of mothers receiving vitamin D supplementation [1000 IU/day cholecalciferol] compared with placebo from 14 weeks gestation until delivery. This sub-study aimed to determine whether antenatal vitamin D supplementation altered postnatal bone formation in response to mechanical stimulation. Thirty-one children born to MAVIDOS participants randomised to either placebo (n=19) or cholecalciferol (n=12) were recruited at age 4-5 years. Children received whole body vibration (WBV) for 10 minutes on 5 consecutive days. Fasting blood samples for bone homeostasis, 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), parathyroid hormone (PTH), and bone turnover markers (Pro-collagen Type 1 N-terminal propeptide, P1NP; Cross-linked C-telopeptide of Type I Collagen, CTX) were collected pre-WBV and on day 8 (D8). Mean changes (D) in P1NP (ng/ml) between baseline and D8 in the vitamin-D intervention and placebo groups were 40.6 and -92.6 respectively and mean changes (Δ) in CTX (ng/ml) were 0.034 (intervention) and -0.084 (placebo) respectively. Between-group DP1NP difference was 133.2ng/ml [95% CI 0.4, 266.0; p=0.049] and ΔCTX 0.05ng/ml (95% CI -0.159, 0.26ng/mL; p=0.62). Antenatal vitamin-D supplementation resulted in increased P1NP in response to WBV, suggesting early life vitamin D supplementation increases the anabolic response of bone to mechanical loading in children.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2020-03
Journal Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
Publisher Hylonome Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 20
Issue 1
Pages 4-11
APA6 Citation Sujatha Gopal-Kothandapani, J., Rigby, A. S., Harrison, R., Eastell, R., Moon, R. J., Curtis, E. M., …Bishop, N. (2020). Maternal pregnancy vitamin D supplementation increases offspring bone formation in response to mechanical loading: Findings from the MAVIDOS trial. Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 20(1), 4-11
Keywords Vitamin D; MAVIDOS; Whole Body Vibration; Mechanical Stimulation; Bone Turnover Markers
Publisher URL http://www.ismni.org/jmni/pdf/79/jmni_20_004.pdf
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