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Celebrity leader personas and embodied militarism

Baker, Catherine



Scholars of international relations frequently explore how states normalize the use of military force through processes of militarization, yet few have analyzed how new information and communication technologies impact on these processes. The essays in this forum address this gap, and consider the political significance of new technologies, new actors, and new practices that shape “Militarization 2.0” and normalize political violence in the digital age. The authors in this forum rely, to varying degrees, on common militarized tropes and dichotomies (such as authenticity, belonging, and (de)humanizing framings) that are key to militarization, including those devices that rest on gender, race/ethnicity, and heteronormativity. Moving beyond a military-centered approach to militarization, the authors’ questions cover ministries of foreign affairs; the embodied performances of celebrity leaders and insurgency groups; arms producers, the military video game industry, and private military and security companies; and violence entrepreneurs. The forum closes with reflections from Cynthia Enloe.


Baker, C. (2020). Celebrity leader personas and embodied militarism. International studies review,

Journal Article Type Commentary
Acceptance Date May 20, 2020
Online Publication Date Jul 2, 2020
Publication Date Jul 2, 2020
Deposit Date May 21, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jul 6, 2020
Journal International Studies Review
Print ISSN 1521-9488
Electronic ISSN 1468-2486
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Article Number viaa035
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information in Forum: Militarization 2.0: Communication and the Normalization of Political Violence in the Digital Age.


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