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Predicting needlestick and sharps injuries in nursing students: Development of the SNNIP scale

Bagnasco, Annamaria; Zanini, Milko; Catania, Gianluca; Watson, Roger; Hayter, Mark; Dasso, Nicoletta; Dini, Guglielmo; Agodi, Antonella; Pasquarella, Cesira; Zotti, Carla Maria; Durando, Paolo; Sasso, Loredana; Barchitta, Martina; Maugeri, Andrea; Favara, Giuliana; Lio, Roberta Magnano San; Rossini, Angelo; Squeri, Raffaele; Genovese, Cristina; D'Amato, Smeralda; La Fauci, Vincenza; Tardivo, Stefano; Moretti, Francesca; Carli, Alberto; Casini, Beatrice; Baggiani, Angelo; Verani, Marco; Giuliani, Anna Rita; Fabiani, Leila; D’Eugenio, Silvia; Boccia, Giovanni; Santoro, Emanuela; Orsi, Giovanni Battista; Napoli, Christian; Montesano, Marzia; Berdini, Stefania; Bertamino, Enrico; Perre, Antonio; Zerbetto, Alessandro; D’Errico, Marcello; Ortolani, Sandro; Mercuri, Maurizio; Traini, Tiziana; Santarelli, Adoriano; Fiorentini, Rita; Benedetti, Tiziana; Montagna, Maria Teresa; Mascipinto, Simona; Torre, Ida; Pennino, Francesca; Schiavone, Daniela; Iannicelli, Anna Maria; Tartaglia, Edoardo; Veronesi, Licia; Palandri, Lucia; Morgado, Mariana Sao Miguel; Giudice, Leandra; Arrigoni, Cristina; Gentile, Leandro; Bascapè, Barbara; Mura, Ida; Sotgiu, Giovanni; Barberis, Ilaria; Bersi, Francesca Maria; Manca, Alessia; Massa, Emanuela; Montecucco, Alfredo; Rahmani, Alborz; Zacconi, Sonia; Riccò, Matteo; Magnavita, Nicola; Di Prinzio, Reparata Rosa; Torregrossa, Maria Valeria; Calamusa, Giuseppe; Firenze, Alberto; Bargellini, Annalisa; Ferri, Paola; Righi, Elena; Carraro, Elisabetta; Borraccino, Alberto; Traversi, Deborah; Ottino, Maria Chiara; Baldovin, Tatjana; Torre, Sara Dalla; Sulaj, Arda; Bianco, Ada; Teti, Valeria; Novati, Roberto; Oriani, Roberta

Authors

Annamaria Bagnasco

Milko Zanini

Gianluca Catania

Nicoletta Dasso

Guglielmo Dini

Antonella Agodi

Cesira Pasquarella

Carla Maria Zotti

Paolo Durando

Loredana Sasso

Martina Barchitta

Andrea Maugeri

Giuliana Favara

Roberta Magnano San Lio

Angelo Rossini

Raffaele Squeri

Cristina Genovese

Smeralda D'Amato

Vincenza La Fauci

Stefano Tardivo

Francesca Moretti

Alberto Carli

Beatrice Casini

Angelo Baggiani

Marco Verani

Anna Rita Giuliani

Leila Fabiani

Silvia D’Eugenio

Giovanni Boccia

Emanuela Santoro

Giovanni Battista Orsi

Christian Napoli

Marzia Montesano

Stefania Berdini

Enrico Bertamino

Antonio Perre

Alessandro Zerbetto

Marcello D’Errico

Sandro Ortolani

Maurizio Mercuri

Tiziana Traini

Adoriano Santarelli

Rita Fiorentini

Tiziana Benedetti

Maria Teresa Montagna

Simona Mascipinto

Ida Torre

Francesca Pennino

Daniela Schiavone

Anna Maria Iannicelli

Edoardo Tartaglia

Licia Veronesi

Lucia Palandri

Mariana Sao Miguel Morgado

Leandra Giudice

Cristina Arrigoni

Leandro Gentile

Barbara Bascapè

Ida Mura

Giovanni Sotgiu

Ilaria Barberis

Francesca Maria Bersi

Alessia Manca

Emanuela Massa

Alfredo Montecucco

Alborz Rahmani

Sonia Zacconi

Matteo Riccò

Nicola Magnavita

Reparata Rosa Di Prinzio

Maria Valeria Torregrossa

Giuseppe Calamusa

Alberto Firenze

Annalisa Bargellini

Paola Ferri

Elena Righi

Elisabetta Carraro

Alberto Borraccino

Deborah Traversi

Maria Chiara Ottino

Tatjana Baldovin

Sara Dalla Torre

Arda Sulaj

Ada Bianco

Valeria Teti

Roberto Novati

Roberta Oriani



Abstract

Aim
To develop an instrument to investigate knowledge and predictive factors of needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) in nursing students during clinical placements.

Design
Instrument development and cross‐sectional study for psychometric testing.

Methods
A self‐administered instrument including demographic data, injury epidemiology and predictive factors of NSIs was developed between October 2018–January 2019. Content validity was assessed by a panel of experts. The instrument's factor structure and discriminant validity were explored using principal components analysis. The STROBE guidelines were followed.

Results
Evidence of content validity was found (S‐CVI 0.75; I‐CVI 0.50–1.00). A three‐factor structure was shown by exploratory factor analysis. Of the 238 participants, 39% had been injured at least once, of which 67.3% in the second year. Higher perceptions of “personal exposure” (4.06, SD 3.78) were reported by third‐year students. Higher scores for “perceived benefits” of preventive behaviours (13.6, SD 1.46) were reported by second‐year students.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2020-09
Journal Nursing Open
Electronic ISSN 2054-1058
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 5
Pages 1578-1587
APA6 Citation Bagnasco, A., Zanini, M., Catania, G., Watson, R., Hayter, M., Dasso, N., …Oriani, R. (2020). Predicting needlestick and sharps injuries in nursing students: Development of the SNNIP scale. Nursing Open, 7(5), 1578-1587. https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.540
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.540
Keywords Cross‐sectional; Health Belief Model; Knowledge; Needlestick; Nursing students; Prevention; Questionnaire; Sharps injuries; Validation
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/nop2.540
Additional Information Received: 2020-03-10; Accepted: 2020-05-21; Published: 2020-06-28

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