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Spousal violence: a Mokken scaling analysis of attitudes of South Asian men and women

Ali, Parveen; Watson, Roger


Parveen Ali

Roger Watson


Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) are usually explored by asking participants to respond to some statements describing various instances or situations. Currently, we do not know if responses to such questions or statements are random, leading to a total score which is hard to compare between respondents, or in a hierarchical manner which makes such comparison much more meaningful. The study was conducted to explore the structure of an “attitudes to intimate partner” violence scale used in the Demographic and Health Surveys Program (DHS), for a hierarchy of items according to the criteria of Mokken scaling. Secondary analyses of the data related to attitudes to IPV of South Asian men and women, collected by the DHS from Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Maldives, and Nepal between 2006 and 2014. A strong Mokken scale was apparent in the data with IPV by men being most justified in cases where the wife neglected the children and least endorsed in the case of refusing to have sex. Men and women endorsed the items in the same order, but some inter country differences were apparent.


Ali, P., & Watson, R. (in press). Spousal violence: a Mokken scaling analysis of attitudes of South Asian men and women. Violence and Victims, 35(5), 656-673.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 1, 2020
Online Publication Date Oct 15, 2020
Deposit Date Oct 19, 2020
Publicly Available Date Oct 16, 2021
Journal Violence and Victims
Print ISSN 0886-6708
Electronic ISSN 1945-7073
Publisher Springer Publishing Company
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 35
Issue 5
Pages 656-673
Keywords Intimate partner violence; Wife beating; Mokken scaling; Attitudes
Public URL
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