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Resilient Humanitarianism? Using Assemblage to re-evaluate the history of the League of Red Cross Societies

Oppenheimer, Melanie; Schech, Susanne; Fathi, Romain; Wylie, Neville; Cresswell, Rosemary

Authors

Melanie Oppenheimer

Susanne Schech

Romain Fathi

Neville Wylie

Rosemary Cresswell



Abstract

© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. The League of Red Cross Societies (LRCS)–known as the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) since 1991–has received little historical attention despite representing the world’s largest volunteer network and being an integral part of the Red Cross Movement. Formed in the aftermath of the First World War by the national Red Cross Societies of the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan, the LRCS aspired to lead in the promotion of global public health and welfare during peacetime. Through the lens of assemblage thinking and the five assemblage elements of exteriority, capacity to evolve, internal machinery, open systems, and desire, the paper seeks to understand the longevity and resilient humanitarianism of the LRCS. In doing so, the paper provides a new conceptualisation of the LRCS that helps to explain how it survived in the rapidly changing and increasingly contested international humanitarian environment of the twentieth century.

Citation

Oppenheimer, M., Schech, S., Fathi, R., Wylie, N., & Cresswell, R. (in press). Resilient Humanitarianism? Using Assemblage to re-evaluate the history of the League of Red Cross Societies. International History Review, https://doi.org/10.1080/07075332.2020.1810100

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 12, 2020
Online Publication Date Aug 27, 2020
Deposit Date Sep 16, 2020
Publicly Available Date Sep 16, 2020
Journal International History Review
Print ISSN 0707-5332
Electronic ISSN 1949-6540
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/07075332.2020.1810100
Keywords League of Red Cross Societies; International Federation of Red Cross Red Crescent; Red Cross Movement; Resilient humanitarianism; Twentieth century internationalism; Assemblage
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3590643
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07075332.2020.1810100

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Publisher Licence URL
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Copyright Statement
 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way





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