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The Horizon Run 5 Cosmological Hydrodynamic Simulation: Probing Galaxy Formation from Kilo- to Giga-parsec Scales

Lee, Jaehyun; Shin, Jihye; Snaith, Owain N.; Kim, Yonghwi; Few, C. Gareth; Devriendt, Julien; Dubois, Yohan; Cox, Leah M.; Hong, Sungwook E.; Kwon, Oh-Kyoung; Park, Chan; Pichon, Christophe; Kim, Juhan; Gibson, Brad K.; Park, Changbom


Jaehyun Lee

Jihye Shin

Owain N. Snaith

Yonghwi Kim

Julien Devriendt

Yohan Dubois

Leah M. Cox

Sungwook E. Hong

Oh-Kyoung Kwon

Chan Park

Christophe Pichon

Juhan Kim

Brad K. Gibson

Changbom Park


Horizon Run 5 (HR5) is a cosmological hydrodynamical simulation which captures the properties of the Universe on a Gpc scale while achieving a resolution of 1kpc. Inside the simulation box we zoom-in on a high-resolution cuboid region with a volume of 1049×114×114cMpc3.The sub-grid physics chosen to model galaxy formation includes radiative heating/cooling, UV background, star formation, supernova feedback, chemical evolution tracking the enrichment of oxygen and iron, the growth of supermassive black holes and feedback from active galactic nuclei (AGN) in the form of a dual jet-heating mode. For this simulation we implemented a hybrid MPI-OMP version of RAMSES, specifically targeted for modern many-core many thread parallel architectures. In addition to the traditional simulation snapshots, light-cone data was generated on the fly. For the post-processing, we extended the Friends-of-Friend (FoF) algorithm and developed a new galaxy finder PGalF to analyse the outputs of HR5. The simulation successfully reproduces observations, such as the cosmic star formation history and connectivity of galaxy distribution, We identify cosmological structures at a wide range of scales, from filaments with a length of several cMpc, to voids with a radius of ~100 cMpc. The simulation also indicates that hydrodynamical effects on small scales impact galaxy clustering up to very large scales near and beyond the baryonic acoustic oscillation (BAO) scale. Hence, caution should be taken when using that scale as a cosmic standard ruler: one needs to carefully understand the corresponding biases. The simulation is expected to be an invaluable asset for the interpretation of upcoming deep surveys of the Universe.


Lee, J., Shin, J., Snaith, O. N., Kim, Y., Few, C. G., Devriendt, J., Dubois, Y., Cox, L. M., Hong, S. E., Kwon, O.-K., Park, C., Pichon, C., Kim, J., Gibson, B. K., & Park, C. The Horizon Run 5 Cosmological Hydrodynamic Simulation: Probing Galaxy Formation from Kilo- to Giga-parsec Scales

Working Paper Type Working Paper
Deposit Date Feb 23, 2021
Publicly Available Date Feb 23, 2021
Keywords Astrophysics of Galaxies
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Accepted for publication in ApJ.


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